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동양적 세계관의 관점에서 본 한국도시경관의 특성
A Study on the Characteristics of Korean Townscape in Perspective of the Oriental World View

김한배    (대구대학교 조경학과   ); 이규목    (서울시립대학교 조경학과  );
  • 초록

    It has been generally agreed that the city form especially in the preindustrial age resembled their own world view, either in the western or the eastern cultural sphere. So, we aimed to redefine the characteristics of oriental world views compared with the western one, in order to find the relative nature of the Korean townscapes. It is said that the both world views(of western and oriental) are composed of the contrastive binary concepts in common, but there seems to have been nearly contrary differences in these two world views. Wheareas the former was based on the passively segregational and oppositional dualism, the latter, on the dynamically harmonious and complementary dualism, called generally as 'Yin(陰) and Yang(陽)'. Thus, the oriental world view can be thought as the 'philosophy of the relationship', which aim to unify the dualism ultimately with the help of this relationship. So, we can assume a certain third and intermediate concept between these dual concepts of the world view, which can unify these two into the one holistic whole. And the focuses of the most traditional oriental philosophies were concentrated on this, so called, 'the third concept', namely Taoistic 'Tochu(道樞)', Buddhistic 'Kong(空)' or Confucian 'Chung(中)'. And this triple concept, including the third one, of the oriental world view revealed a more concrete form of the cosmological relationship, as the triple structure; 'Heaven(天), Earth(地), and Man(人)', in which the 'Man' is thought as the middle or the center of the world. In this manner, we could found this oriental 'triple world view' was revealed in the real topology of most places in the Korean traditional city and the whole townscape itself. So, in the scale of houses and the roads around them, we can construe the 'Maru(a central board-floored room)' and the 'Madang(a inner court)' as the 'third and intermediate space(中)' between the interior space(陰) and exterior space(陽) in the former, and between the private house(陰) and the public residential road(陽) in the former case, and between the dual parts(陰,陽) of the city representing the contrary social classes and the contrastive visual landscapes. So, we insist that this 'triple world view' represented in the townscape can be one of the most important characteristics of Korean traditional townscape. And this third intermediate spaces, which generate the active social contact and the harmonious relationship among the people, can be the most important cues, as the central places, in the interpretation of the Korean townscapes even in contemporary circumstance, which inherits its spatial and social frame more or less from the preceding one.


  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

    1. 1998. "" 한국조경학회지 = Journal of Korean institute of landscape architecture, 26(3): 52~65     

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  • 이규목 (10)

    1. 1990 "第二의 오픈스페이스 類型과 社會的 空間으로서의 場所性" 한국조경학회지 = Journal of Korean institute of landscape architecture 18 (3): 192~193    
    2. 1990 "中國 吉林省 園林學會 초청에 의한 방문${\cdot}$협의 및 기행보고" 한국조경학회지 = Journal of Korean institute of landscape architecture 18 (3): 206~208    
    3. 1993 "경주시 도시경관과 그 이미지에 관한 연구" 한국조경학회지 = Journal of Korean institute of landscape architecture 20 (4): 39~53    
    4. 1998 "아파트 옥외공간 특성화에 대한 거주자의 인지특성에 관한 연구" 한국조경학회지 = Journal of Korean institute of landscape architecture 26 (3): 249~257    
    5. 1998 "우리 나라 지방자치단체 식재 조례 기준의 현황 및 개선방향" 한국조경학회지 = Journal of Korean institute of landscape architecture 26 (2): 194~206    
    6. 2001 "사건의 관점에서 조망한 장소의 의미" 한국조경학회지 = Journal of Korean institute of landscape architecture 29 (4): 1~11    
    7. 2003 "주민 참여를 통한 도시 소공원 설계 및 조성" 한국조경학회지 = Journal of Korean institute of landscape architecture 31 (1): 78~89    
    8. 2003 "의사소통 행위로서의 조경계획 및 설계에 대한 연구" 한국조경학회지 = Journal of Korean institute of landscape architecture 31 (5): 73~85    
    9. 2004 "도시공원 자원봉사행동의 지속성 연구 -서울시 자원봉사단체를 사례로-" 한국조경학회지 = Journal of Korean institute of landscape architecture 32 (2): 1~10    
    10. 2004 "서울시청 앞 광장조성 관련 공론장에서의 의사소통에 대한 비판적 검토" 한국조경학회지 = Journal of Korean institute of landscape architecture 32 (5): 11~22    

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