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국민학교 환경교육의 효율적 지도에 관한 연구
A Study on the Effective Teaching Method for the Environmental Education in Korean Primary School

차주혁    (상지대학교   ); 김병우    (상지대학교  );
  • 초록

    This study was conducted to investigate the concern of the primary school teachers and the teaching situation about the environmental education through questionnaire survey on the effective environmental education. The results of questionnaire were analysed and discussed to provide the effective teaching method for the environmental education. The result of this study is as follows. 1. It was found that teachers want to teach environmental lessons as a special subject, and the content of the environmental lessons in textbook was not enough in quantity, the living waste was the most serious ploblem. Owing to the lacking in materials for the lectures on environmental education, most teachers collect the material depending on the mass communication. Also they were more interested in the environmental lessons rather than the other lessons in textbook. But because of the lacking in administrative assistance, they have difficulty in conducting the effective environmental education. 2. The teaching method of the environmental education in most primary schools was a all together-type lecture in classroom. Owing to conducting the environmental education for the knowledge than the action through the extra activity, it was difficult to expect the effect of the environmental education. Also the rate of using the reflection materials which can be improved the studying effect was very low. 3. For the effective environmental education most teachers wanted the spot learnings and the case studies and teacher education and training to get an special knowledge for environmental education. The effective evaluation method for children's environmental education is to present the results by environmental experiences and practices and to formulate a system education is organized for the effective management and activation of environmental education. 4. By practising the seasonal spot learnings, students need to change of learning method and to realize the importance of environment through own self-experiences. 5. In the future, it is desirable that researching of an environmental education is offered the effective practising teaching method which is improving the development of customs and functions, cultivation of the sense of value, ability to solve the problem, to determine the intention as well as the survey on the real situation and the consciousness about environmental education.


 저자의 다른 논문

  • 김병우 (16)

    1. 1991 "천곡동굴의 생물상소처" 洞窟 : 한국동굴학회지 = Journal of the Korean speleological society 27 (28): 85~91    
    2. 1992 "草本植物의 重金屬 抵抗性에 關한 硏究 - Cadmium, Lead 處理 土壤에 의한 反應 -" 한국생태학회지 = The Korean journal of ecology 15 (4): 433~449    
    3. 1993 "중학교 과학과 교사들의 환경교육 의식에 관한 연구" 環境敎育 = Korean journal of environmental education 5 (1): 47~56    
    4. 1994 "온달굴 지대의 자연지리 환경" 洞窟 : 한국동굴학회지 = Journal of the Korean speleological society 36 (37): 38~67    
    5. 1995 "화암동굴의 동굴생물에 관한 연구" 洞窟 : 한국동굴학회지 = Journal of the Korean speleological society 41 (42): 27~40    
    6. 1997 "오존에 대한 식물 기공 반응고찰" 한국생태학회지 = The Korean journal of ecology 20 (2): 83~94    
    7. 1997 "제주도의 동굴생물의 생태적 특성과 분포" 洞窟 : 한국동굴학회지 = Journal of the Korean speleological society 51 (): 19~26    
    8. 2000 "자병산 일대의 호석회 및 혐석회식물의 분류" 洞窟 : 한국동굴학회지 = Journal of the Korean speleological society 61 (): 17~46    
    9. 2005 "신단양 고수동굴의 환경과 서식생물에 관한 연구" 洞窟 : 한국동굴학회지 = Journal of the Korean speleological society 67 (): 11~20    
    10. 2006 "토지이용패턴에 따른 하천수질과 식생분포" 한국환경농학회지 = Korean journal of environmental agriculture 25 (1): 34~39    

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