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大氣保全 : 韓國大氣保全學會誌 v.10 no.1, 1994년, pp.64 - 72   피인용횟수: 13

고산지역 강수의 화학 성분 특성에 관한 연구
A Study on the Chemical Features of Precipitition at High Mountain Area

최재천    (기상청 기상연구소   ); 이민영    (기상청 기상연구소   ); 이선기    (기상청 기상연구소  );
  • 초록

    Recently, the acid precipitation, composed primarily of dilute $H_2$ S $O_4$ , HN $O_3$ and originating from the burning of fossil fules, has become one of the major environmental problems. This study was carried out to investigate the chemical features of precipitation at Sobaek-san Meteorological Observation Station(mean sea level; 1,340m, 36 $^{\circ}$ 56’N, 128 $^{\circ}$ 27' E)from May 1991 to December 1993. The major Point in this study divided the whole wind directions into two parts. And, the two parts are the north- westerly wind case and south-easterly wind case. The concentration of anions and cations in precipitation were measured by ion chromatography(Dionex 4000i). The volumn weighted mean pH and conductivity values of the whole precipitation period were 5.26, 14.3 $mutextrm{s}$ /cm, respectively. The order and frequency rate of the major anions concentration in the north- westerly and south easterly wind case were S $O_4$ $^{2-}$ (49.3%) > N $O_3$ $^{[-10]}$ (23.9%) > C $l^{[-10]}$ (14.8%) > $F^{[-10]}$ (12.0%) and S $O_4$ $^{2-}$ (61.1% ) > N $O_3$ $^{[-10]}$ (21.5%) > C $l^{[-10]}$ (13.5%) > F/sip -/(4.0%), respectively. The order and frequency rate of the major cations concentration in the north-westerly and south- easterly wind case were $Ca^{2+}$ (49.3%) > N $H_4$ $^{+}$ (24.2%) >N $a^{+}$ (22.4%) >M $g^{2+}$ (14.9%) > $K^{+}$ (3.8%) and N $H_4$ $^{+}$ (4:3.8%) $Ca^{2+}$ (28.6%) > N $a^{+}$ (16.8%) > $K^{+}$ (6.3%) > $Mg^{2+}$ (4.5%), respectively. The larger anions and cations concentration values than others were S $O_4$ $^{2-}$ , N $O_3$ $^{[-10]}$ and $Ca^{2+}$ , N $H_4$ $^{+}$ , respectively. The correlation coefficient between pH value and ion concentrations for the north-westerly and south-easterly wind case was shown less than 0.5 except for Ca/.sup 2+/ in the statistical analysis SPSS. But the correlation coefficient for the all wind case between sulfate and cations was shown high correlation above 0.6.correlation above 0.6.


  • 참고문헌 (12)

    1. 해안지역과 도시지역 강수의 화학적 성상에 관한 연구 , 강공언;강병욱;김희강 , 한국대기보전학회지 / v.8,pp.191-197,
         
    2. 대전지역 산성강우의 화학적 특성에 관한 연구 , 구자공;박경렬 , 한국대기보전학회지 / v.9,pp.147-153,
         
    3. Study of acid rain in the Changbaishan area(Bakdoo Mountain), Emerging issue in Asia , Yoon,S.H. , Proceedings of the 2nd IUAPPA regional conference on air pollution / v.2,pp.,
    4. 서울지역의 산성 강우 현상에 관한 연구 , 박성배(외 5인) , 한국대기보전학회지 / v.5,pp.42-54,
    5. 충청북도 농촌 지역의 강수의 산성도에 관한 기초 연구 , 송기형;박용남;정용승 , 한국대기보전학회지 / v.8,pp.38-44,
         
    6. 서울시의 산성물질 강하현상에 관한 연구 , 손동헌;양성칠 , 한국대기보전학회지 / v.1,pp.33-41,
    7. Acid rain on Mt Carmel Israel , Singer,A.(et al.) , Atmos. Environ. / v.27A,pp.2287-2293,
    8. Minor elements in sea water , Brewer,P.G. , In Chemical Oceangraphy / v.1,pp.,
    9. Chemistry of bulk precipitation in the central and eastern Pyrenees North Spain , Camarero,L.;Jordi,Catalan , Atmos. Environ. / v.27A,pp.83-94,
    10. The influence of mountain meteorology on precipitation chemistry at low and high elevations of the Colorado Front Range , Baron,J.;Scott,Denning , Atmos. Environ. / v.27A,pp.2337-2349,
    11. World Meteorological Organization , International observation handhbook for measurement of background atmospheric pollution / v.,pp.1-5,
    12. 서울시 산성비의 원인물질에 관한 연구 , 신웅배;이상권;안규홍 , 한국대기보전학회지 / v.2,pp.66-74,
         
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (13)

    1. 1995. "Chemical characteristics of particulate species in Mt. Sobaek atmosphere(I) : The distribution and behaviour of major ion components" 大氣保全 : 韓國大氣保全學會誌, 11(2): 179~184     
    2. 1995. "Chemical characteristics of atmospheric particulate species in Mt. Soback, Korea(II):The sources and seasonal variations of metallic elements" 大氣保全 : 韓國大氣保全學會誌, 11(2): 191~198     
    3. Choi, Jae-Cheon ; Kim, San ; Lee, Min-Young ; Lee, Sun-Ki 1995. "A Study on Water-soluble Components in the Dustfall Matter at Cheju and Ullung Island" 大氣保全 : 韓國大氣保全學會誌, 11(4): 331~337     
    4. 1996. "A Study on Chemical Features of Fog Sample in Summer at Mt. Sobaek" 大氣保全 : 韓國大氣保全學會誌, 12(4): 399~406     
    5. 1996. "Relationships between Precipitation Component and Surface Wind at Kyungsan, Korea" 한국환경과학회지 = Journal of the environmental sciences, 5(2): 141~152     
    6. 1996. "Chemical Characterization of Rainwater Sampled in Cheju city" 한국환경과학회지 = Journal of the environmental sciences, 5(6): 739~748     
    7. 1998. "A Study on Chemical Characterization of Precipitation in the Central Part of Korea from 1994 to 1997" 大氣保全 : 韓國大氣保全學會誌, 14(6): 589~598     
    8. 1998. "" 한국환경과학회지 = Journal of the environmental sciences, 7(4): 523~530     
    9. 1999. "A Study on Ion Distribution and Behavior of Acidrain in Mokpo and Yeochon Area" 한국대기환경학회지 = Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, 15(4): 385~392     
    10. Kim, Man-Goo ; Kang, Mi-Hee ; Lim, Yang-Suck ; Park, Ki-Jun ; Hwang, Hoon ; Lee, Bo-Kyung ; Hong, Seung-Hee ; Lee, Dong-Soo 1999. "A Study on the Behavior and Deposition of Acid Precipitation-comparison of Chemical Composition of Rain Water between Chunchon and seoul" 한국대기환경학회지 = Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, 15(2): 89~100     
    11. Kim, Man-Goo ; Kang, Mi-Hee ; Lim, Yang-Suck ; Park, Ki-Jun ; Hwang, Hoon ; Lee, Bo-Kyung ; Hong, Seung-Hee ; Lee, Dong-Soo 1999. "A Study on the Behavior and Deposition of Acid Precipitation-comparison of Chemical Composition of Rain Water between Chunchon and seoul" 한국대기환경학회지 = Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, 15(2): 89~100     
    12. 1999. "Characteristics of air pollution concentration on Dongsamdong, Pusan" 한국환경과학회지 = Journal of the environmental sciences, 8(3): 281~286     
    13. 2004. "Comparison of Chemical Characteristics in Wet and Bulk Precipitation Collected in the Iksan Area" 한국대기환경학회지 = Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, 20(3): 381~396     

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