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뇌질환아 어머니의 스트레스와 대처방법
A Study on Stress and Coping Methods of Mothers of Children with Brain Disease

윤정희    (경희대학교 대학원   ); 조결자    (경희대학교 의과대학 간호학과  );
  • 초록

    This study was done to investigate stress and coping methods of mothers with brain disease children. The subjects for this study were obtained by taking a sample of mothers with brain disease children hospitalized in neurosurgery ward of K medical center in Seoul from Nov. 20, 1992 to Mar. 10, 1993. The collected date were analized by S.P.S.S. program(frequency, percentage, mean, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson Correlation). The results of the study were as follow. 1. The mean of the degree of mothers' stress was 3.681. Of the stress categories, illness treatment (4.216) was highest, and the next were in order of ill-ness status and prognosis(4.154) , family relation-ships and personal roles(3.202), interpersonal relationships(2.916). 2. The mean of the degree of mothers' coping method was 2.930. Of the coping method categories, communication with medical team or parents in similar situations(3.332) was highest, and the next were in or-der of family cooperation and optimistic thought about the situation(3.241), reforcement of self esteem and maintenance of psychological stability(2.538). 3. There was not seen a stastically significant correlation between stress factors and coping methods of mothers. But with categories, the higher the stress to illness status and prognosis was, the hight coping methods' degree of communication with medical team or parents in similar situations was shown a positive correlation, if not high (r=.2776, P=.046) . And the higher the stress to illness treatment was, the higher coping methods' degree of communication with medical team or parents in simial situations was shown a positive correlation, if not high (r=.2727, P=.049). 4. With the difference of stress according to mothers' general characteristics, religion and monthly income shew a statically significant difference. The mothers' group who have a religion shew the higher degree of stress(t=-3.17, P=.003), The group who get the most income shew highest degree of stress (F=.4693, P=.0156). With the difference of coping according to mothers' general characteristics, the most support-ing person, satisfaction with husbands and mothers' own health status shew a statistically significant difference. The group who get the most support from parents-in-law(F=3.7508, P=.013), the group who are much satisfied with husband(F=3.589, P=.016), and the group whose health status are good(F=3.3675, P=.046), shew the highest coping degree. 5. There were no significant difference in degree of stress and coping by children's characteristics The significance of the study will be concluded as follows. 1. Investigating the stress factors, which mothers are perceiving, it will be utilized as the basic materials of nursing plan so as to reduce the stress of mothers. 2. In searching for the ways of mothers' more helpful coping methods, it shows the necessity of the active nursing intervention for the mothers in the process of coping with their stress. That is, the nurse should serve the earnest nursing as counselor, supporter, educator, and information - provider. 3. Recogning mothers as well as children with brain disease as a client, the nurse will be able to help the mother, who is taking care of the children, cope with the stress situation well, and to make a contribution to the recovery, rehabilitation, and health of the children and to the enhancement of the family' health.


  • 주제어

    뇌질환아 .   스트레스 .   대처.  

 저자의 다른 논문

  • 조결자 (70)

    1. 1986 "청소년의 문제행동과 자아개념$\cdot$정신건강 비교분석 - 서울시내 일부 주$\cdot$야간고등학교를 중심으로" 대한간호 = The Korean nurse 25 (1): 57~84    
    2. 1987 "청소년의 가정환경요인과 자아개념$\cdot$정신건강비교연구" 대한간호 = The Korean nurse 26 (1): 96~117    
    3. 1989 "간호진단의 임상적용 현황, 문제점 및 개선방안" 대한간호학회지= Journal of Korean academy of nursing 19 (1): 24~39    
    4. 1989 "간호진단 프로토콜(Protocol)의 임상적용 효과에 관한 연구" 대한간호학회지= Journal of Korean academy of nursing 19 (1): 40~62    
    5. 1991 "호스피스 간호가 말기 암환자의 삶의 질에 미치는 효과에 관한 연구" 대한간호학회지= Journal of Korean academy of nursing 21 (3): 418~435    
    6. 1990 "모아상호작용에 관한 연구 - 교육과 수유상황을 중심으로" 대한간호 = The Korean nurse 29 (5): 54~68    
    7. 1993 "영유아 어머니의 모유수유에 대한 인식 및 실천에 관한 연구" 모자간호학회지 = The Korean journal of maternal and child health nursing 3 (2): 153~165    
    8. 1995 "환아 어머니가 인지한 간호의 질과 간호사의 간호 업무 만족과의 상관 관계" 대한간호 = The Korean nurse 34 (1): 60~73    
    9. 1996 "모아관계에 관한 국내 간호연구 동향" 아동간호학회지 = Korean journal of child health nursing 2 (1): 55~68    
    10. 1996 "만성환아의 가족에 관한 국내 연구논문 분석" 아동간호학회지 = Korean journal of child health nursing 2 (1): 69~92    

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