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서울시 소재 고등학교 학생들의 시력저하실태 및 시력관리를 위한 건강행위 이행에 관한 연구
A study on the Actual Condition of Visual Acuity Change and Caustive Factors Influencing Decreased Visual Acuity for High School Students in Seoul

김은주    (한국보건사회연구원   ); 고승덕    (협성대학교 사회복지학과  );
  • 초록

    In order to provide data of effective health education for practice of preventive health behavior for visual acuity care. The authors investgated the actual acuity and health behavior for visual acuity care. The subjects of this study were 2250 students in high school. The data were collected by questionnaire developed for the purpose of this study which has been made through references and student's health record. The results were as follows, 1) As students move up to grade, the number of students with decreased visual acuity had a tendency to increase. In cases with decreased visual acuity below 0.2 in one or both eye, the number of cases was increased in accordance with moving up to grade, especially visual acuity of right eye was more decreased than that of left eye. 2) As to proportion of the group with decreased visual acuity among the total students, among 2250 students, students with decreased visual acuity was 35.6%(800 students). According to school type, in academic school, frequency of students with decreased visual acuity in day school was higher then that in night school. In commercial school, the frequency of students who had decreased visual acuity in night school were higher than that of students in day school. 3) As to variables influencing the decreased visual activity, there was a significant different between groups with normal visual acuity and groups with subnormal in terms of awareness of visual acuity by themself, parent's visual acuity, unbalanced eating habit, distance from television, or books, posture in watching television, posture in reading, awareness of illumination in classroom. 4) As to practice of protective and preventive health behavior for visual acuity care, In group with normal visual acuity. There was good practice such as proper eating habit, proper studying habit, and health habit in its descending order, but proper illumination and regular eye test were practiced poorly. In group with subnormal visual acuity, one of the vest practice in visual acuity care was an effort to prevent eye strain. Other good practice involve tasking regular eye test, maintaining proper studing habit, in its descending order.


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  • 고승덕 (12)

    1. 1996 "노인의 일반적 특성과 신체적, 정신적, 사회적 건강간의 관련성" 韓國保健敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society for Health Education 13 (2): 115~129    
    2. 1996 "월경 전기 평가서 (Premenstrual Assessment Form : PAF)의 신뢰도, 타당도 연구 - 청소년을 대상으로 -" 精神身體醫學 = Korean journal of psychosomatic medicine 4 (1): 21~36    
    3. 1998 "보건교육 정보시스템 개발에 관한 연구" 韓國保健敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society for Health Education 15 (1): 49~66    
    4. 1998 "국민건강증진사업 활성화를 위한 보건교육사 자격인정제도 도입방안" 韓國保健敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society for Health Education 15 (2): 67~79    
    5. 1999 "노인의 죽음 준비교육이 죽음의 불안도에 미치는 요인분석 연구" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion 16 (2): 81~92    
    6. 2000 "국민건강증진사업 인력 교육 프로그램 개발" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion 17 (2): 207~218    
    7. 2000 "한국어판 일상 생활 스트레스 척도(K-DSI)의 표준화 연구" 精神身體醫學 = Korean journal of psychosomatic medicine 8 (1): 72~87    
    8. 2007 "우리나라 학교보건교육의 현황과 과제" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion 24 (4): 219~230    
    9. 2009 "초기와 후기 폐경후기 여성에서의 폐경기 증상의 심각도와 위험 요인들" 精神身體醫學 = Korean journal of psychosomatic medicine 17 (2): 52~61    
    10. 2010 "서울시 지역주민의 인구사회적 특성과 정신건강상태에 따른 건강관련 삶의 질" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion 27 (4): 141~152    

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