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중학생의 식행동이 건강상태와 학업성취도에 미치는 영향
Effect of Middle-school students' food behabior on health condition and degree of study accomplishment

하점순    (한양대학교 가정대학 가정관리학과  );
  • 초록

    This study was undertaken to review the relationship between middle-school students' food-behavior and their health conditions/school performances. For this purpose, 495 male and female middle-school students were sampled form seven middle schools located in Seoul for a questionnaire survey. The surveyed data were analysed with simple frequency, percentage, t-test, chi-square test, dispersion analysis, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple-regression analysis which make use of the SPSS/PC+ package system. The results of survey can be summarized as follows; Most of students had three meals a day regularly, but some female students used to skip breakfast or supper. The amount of a mael was adequate. Their main night-smacks were fruits. The problem perceived by students was unbalanced meal ; Female students took more snack than that of male students. They usually took a snack a day. All students tended to take delicious snacks. The most favorate smack of students was fruits. Most students did not suffer any serious diseases, but some had one or more respiratory diseases. Female students had some or other physical troubles in their eyes, mouth, digesting organs, muscle/bone, skin and had fatigue. Female students had mental problems of depression, uneasiness and hostility. The average I.Q. of students was 117.4, and those who had higher I.Q. got much higher scores. The regularity and amount of meal and intake of animal food were all positively related with the growth of height and weight. And the taller, the higher I.Q. they had. Those students who took meals three times regularly and adequately, who had no coffee and snack and who took balanced meals were healthier in both physical and mental terms. In particular, those who had adequate amount of breakfast regularly were not only healthier but also had higher I.Q. and school performance.


  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

    1. 1999. "Body Composition and Eating Behavior of Rural Middle School Students Provided With and Without National School Lunch Program" 韓國 家政科敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association, 11(2): 39~50     
    2. 1999. "A Study on the Perceptions of Food & Nutriton Section and Eating Behaviors of Middle School Students" 韓國 家政科敎育學會誌 = Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association, 11(2): 89~110     
    3. 2001. "Comparison of Dietary Behaviors and Nutrient Intakes among the Students of Middle Schools between in Industrial Complex and in Non-Industrial Complex of Ansan City in Korea" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 34(6): 678~687     

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