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차량용량을 고려한 대중교통 통행배정모형구축에 관한 연구
A User Equilibrium Transit Assignment Model with Vehicle Capacity Constraint

이성모    (서울대 공학연구소   ); 유경상    (서울대 대학원   ); 전경수    (서울대 도시공학과  );
  • 초록

    The purpose of the thesis is providing a new formulation for the transit assignment problem. The existing models dealing with the transit assignment problem don't consider the congestion effects due to the insufficient capacity of transit vehicles. Besides, these models don't provide solutions satisfying the Wardrop's user equilibrium conditions. The congestion effects are considered to be concentrated at the transit stops. For the transit lines, the waiting times at the transit stops are dependent on the passenger flows. The new model suggests the route section cost function analogous to the link performance function of the auto assignment to reflect the congestion effects in congested transit network. With the asymmetric cost function, the variational inequality programming is used to obtain the solutions satisfying Wardrop's condition. The diagonalization algorithm is introduced to solve this model. Finally, the results are compared with those of EMME/2.


  • 참고문헌 (14)

    1. Equilibria on a Congested Transportation Network , H.Z.Aashtiani;T.L.Magnanti , SIAM J. Algebraic Discrete Meth. / v.2,pp.213-216,
    2. The Convergence of Diagonalization Algorithms for Asymmetric Network Equilibrium Problems , M.Florian;H.Spiess , Trans. Res. B / v.16B,pp.477-483,
    3. An Efficient Method for Computing Traffic Equilibria in Networks with Asymmetric Transportation Costs , S.Nguyen;C.Dupuis , Trans. Sci. / v.18,pp.,
    4. A Probabilistic Multipath Traffic Assignment Model which Obviates Path Enumeration , R.B.Dial , Trans. Res. / v.5,pp.83-112,
    5. J.de D.Ortuzar;L.G.Willumsrn , Modelling Transport / v.,pp.,
    6. Traffic Equilibrium and Variational Inequalities , S.C.Dafermos , Trans. Sci. / v.14,pp.42-54,
    7. J.M.Ortega;W.C.Rheinboldt , Iterative Solution of Nonlinear Equations in Several Variables / v.,pp.,
    8. Yosef Sheffi , Urban Transportation Network / v.,pp.,
    9. Transit Assignment for Congested Public Transport Systems: An Equilibrium Model , J. De Cea;J.E.Fernandez , Trans. Sci. / v.27,pp.133-147,
    10. Optimal Strategies: A New Assignment Model for Transit Network , H.Spiess;M.Florian , Trans. Res. B / v.23B,pp.83-102,
    11. Existence, Uniqueness and Stability of Traffic Equilibria , M.J.Smith , Trans. Res. / v.18B,pp.295-304,
    12. M.J.Beckmann;C.B.McGuire;C.B.Winsten , Studies in the Economics of Transportation / v.,pp.,
    13. On Binary Mode Choice/Assignment Model , M.Florian;H.Spiess , Trans. Sci. / v.17,pp.32-47,
    14. Traffic Assignment Techniques , R.Thomas , Avebury Technical / v.,pp.,
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (4)

    1. 1999. "Development of an Integrated network model for Mode Choice and Trip Assignment" 大韓交通學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, 17(5): 87~98     
    2. 2001. "Study on Multi-modal Transit Network Assignment with Dial Algorithm" 大韓交通學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, 19(2): 53~60     
    3. 2001. "Development of A Dynamic Departure Time Choice Model based on Heterogeneous Transit Passengers" 大韓交通學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, 19(5): 119~134     
    4. 2003. "A Transit Assignment Model using Genetic Algorithm" 大韓交通學會誌 = Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, 21(1): 65~75     

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