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PREPARATION OF POLYMERIC PHOTOSTABILIZERS CONTAINING HALS GROUPS AND THEIR PHOTOSTABILIZATION EFFECTS ON POLYSTYRENE

Chae, Kyu Ho    (Department of Polymer Engineering, Chonnam National University   ); Oh, Jae-Seong    (Department of Chemistry, Chonnam National University   ); Ham, Heui Suk    (Department of Chemistry, Chonnam National University  );
  • 초록

    Absorption of UV light induces photocleavage of polymer chains to produce free radicals which initiate photodegradation of the polymer molecules. Discoloration, cracking of surface, stiffening, and decreasing of mechanical properties of polymeric products occur as a result of photodegradation of the polymers. Photostabilizers are added to the polymer systems in order to minimize the unwanted effects of UV light. It is well known that Hindered Amine Light Stabilizers (HALS) are one of the most effective photostabilizer for polymers.' HALS have been used in a large number of commercial polymers and predominantly used in styrenic and engineering plastics. They are efficient and cost-effective in many applications despite their high prices. However, low molecular weight HALS vaporize easily, emitting harmful amines, and have poor extraction resistance, decreasing their photostabilization effect. They also decompose during processing and migrate within the polymers resulting in deposition on the polymer surfaces called 'blooming". These drawbacks of low molecular HALS can be overcome by use of the polymeric HALS. We have been studying photochemical reactions of the polymer systems. The present paper reports the preparation of a new polymeric photostabilizer containing HALS groups and their stabilization effects on photooxidation of polystyrene. The synthetic scheme for the preparation of polymeric photostabilizers containing HALS groups were shown at Scheme 1. N-[(Chloroformyl) phenyl]maleimide (CPMI) and N-[4-(chlorocarbonyl) phenyl]maleimide (CPMIC) were prepared by the known procedure. N[4-N'-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)aminocarbonyl-phenyl] maleimide (TMPI) was prepared by the reaction of CPMI with 4-amino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine (ATMP).


  • 참고문헌 (12)

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

    1. 1999. "" Journal of photoscience : an international journal officail organ of the korean society of photoscience, 6(1): 25~27     

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