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The journal of microbiology v.34 no.2, 1996년, pp.172 - 178  

Effect of Copper on the Growth and Methanol Dehydrogenase Activity of Methylobacillus sp. Strain SK1 DSM 8269

Kim, Si W.    (Dept. of Biology, Yonsei Univ.   ); Kim, Young M.    (Dept. of Biology, Chosun University  );
  • 초록

    Methylobacillus sp. strain SK1, which grows only on methanol, was found to grow in the absence of added copper. The doubling time (t $_{d}$ = 1.3 1.3 h) of the bacterium growing at the exponential growth phase at 30.deg.C in the absence of copper was the same as that of the cell growing in the presence of copper. The bacterium growing after the exponential phase in the absence of copper, however, grew faster than the cell growing in the presence of copper. Cells harvested after thee arly stationary phase in the presence of copper were found to exhibit no methanol dehydrogenase (MDH) activity, but the amount and subunit structure of the enzyme in the cells were almost the same as that in cells harboring active MDH. Pellets of the cells harvested after the early stationary phase in the presence of copper were pale green. Cell-free extracts prepared from cells harvested at the early stationary phase in the presence of copper were pink and exhibited MDH activity, but it turned dark-green rapidly from the surface under air. The green-colored portions of the extracts showed no MDH activity and contained c-type cytochromes that were oxidized completely. The inactive MDH activity and contained c-type cytochromes that were oxidized completely. The inactive MDH proteins in the green portions were found to have antigenic sites identical to those of the active one as the inactive MDHs in cells grown in the presence of copper. The bacterium was found to accumulate copper actively during the exponential growth phase. MDH prepared from cells grown in the presence or absence of copper was found to be more stable under nitrogen gas than under air. Methanol at 10 mM was found to enhance the stability of the MDH under air.r.


  • 주제어

    Methanol .   mithylotroph .   methanol dehydrogenaxe .   copper .   cytochrome c .   Methylobacillus sp .   SK1.  

  • 참고문헌 (21)

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    20. Purification and some properties of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas carboxydohydrogena , Kim, Y.M.;G.D. Hegeman , J. Bacteriol. / v.148,pp.904-911,
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