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Effect of Hemorrhage on mRNA Expressions of Renin, Angiotensinogen and $AT_1$ Receptors in Rat Central and Peripheral Tissues

Lee, Mi-Kyung   (Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National UniversityUU0000096  ); Jo, Hak-Ryul   (Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National UniversityUU0000096  ); Kim, Kyung-Soon   (Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National UniversityUU0000096  ); Yang, Eun-Kyoung   (Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National UniversityUU0000096  ); Lee, Won-Jung   (Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National UniversityUU0000096  );
  • 초록

    In an attempt to investigate whether hemorrhage affects the gene expression of the renin-angioteusin system (RAS) components in the brain and peripheral angiotensin-generating tissues, changes in mRNA levels of the RAS components in response to hemorrhage were measured in conscious unrestrained rats. Wistar rats were bled at a rate of 3 ml/kg/min for 5 min, and then decapitated 7 h after hemorrhage. Levels of mRNA for renin, angiotensinogen and angiotensin $II-AT_1$ receptor subtypes ( $AT_{1A}$ and $AT_{1B}$ ) were determined with the methods of northern blot and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Hemorrhage produced a profound hypotension with tachycardia, but blood pressure and heart rate recovered close to the basal level at 7 h. Plasma and renal renin levels were significantly increased at 7 h. Hemorrhage induced rapid upregulation of gene expression of both $AT_{1A}$ and $AT_{1B}$ receptor subtypes in the brainstem and hypothalamus, downregulation of them in the adrenal gland and liver. However, renin mRNA level increased in the brainstem, decreased in the liver, but was not changed in the hypothalamus, kidney and adrenals after hemorrhage. Angiotensinogen mRNA level was not significantly changed in any of the tissue except a slight increase in the liver. The kidney and liver did not show any significant change in gene expression of the RAS components. These results suggest that gene expression of the RAS in central and peripheral tissues are, at least in part, under independent control and the local RAS in each organ plays specific physiologic role.


  • 주제어

    Northern blot .   RT-PCR .   Brain .   Kidney .   Liver .   Adrenal.  

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  • Kim, Kyoung-Soon (2)

    1. 1993 "Maximum Oxygen Consumption Determined by the Bruce and Inclined Treadmill Protocols" 대한생리학회지 = Korean journal of physiology 27 (2): 209~215    
    2. 2009 "Proliferative and Differentiative Effects of Trachelogenin Isolated from Germinated Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) Seeds on Calvarial Bone Cells" Food science and biotechnology 18 (3): 689~693    
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