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Effects of Arachidonic Acid on the Calcium Channel Current $(I_{Ba})$ and on the Osmotic Stretch-induced Increase of $I_{Ba}$ in Guinea-Pig Gastric Myocytes

Xu, Wen-Xie   (Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Seoul National University College of MedicineUU0000691  ); Kim, Sung-Joon   (Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Seoul National University College of MedicineUU0000691  ); So, In-Suk   (Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Seoul National University College of MedicineUU0000691  ); Suh, Suk-Hyo   (Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Ewha Woman's University  ); Kim, Ki-Whan   (Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Seoul National University College of MedicineUU0000691  );
  • 초록

    We employed the whole-cell patch clamp technique to investigate the effects of arachidonic acid (AA) on barium inward current through the L-type calcium channels ( $I_{Ba}$ ) and on osmotic stretch-induced increase of $I_{Ba}$ in guinea-pig antral gastric myocytes. Under isosmotic condition, AA inhibited $I_{Ba}$ in a dose-dependent manner to $91.1{\pm}1.4,\;72.0{\pm}3.2,\;46.0{\pm}1.8,\;and\;20.3{\pm}2.3%$ at 1, 5, 10, 30 mM, respectively. The inhibitory effect of AA was not affected by 10 ${\mu}M$ indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor. Other unsaturated fatty acids, linoleic acid (LA) and oleic acid (OA) were also found to suppress $I_{Ba}$ but stearic acid (SA), a saturated fatty acid, had no inhibitory effect on $I_{Ba}$ . The potency sequence of these inhibitory effects was AA ( $79.7{\pm}2.3%$ ) > LA ( $43.1{\pm}2.7%$ ) > OA ( $14.2{\pm}1.1%$ ) at 30 ${\mu}M$ . On superfusing the myocyte with hyposmotic solution (214 mOsm) the amplitude of $I_{Ba}$ at 0 mV increased ( $38.0{\pm}5.5%$ ); this increase was completely blocked by pretreatment with 30 mM AA, but not significantly inhibited by lower concentrations of AA (1, 5 and 10 ${\mu}M$ ) (P>0.05). Unsaturated fatty acids shifted the steady-state inactivation curves of $I_{Ba}$ to the left; the extent of shift caused by AA was greater than that caused by LA. The activation curve was not affected by AA or LA. The results suggest that AA and other unsaturated fatty acids directly modulate L-type calcium channels and AA might modulate the hyposmotic stretch- induced increase of L-type calcium channel current in guinea-pig gastric smooth muscle.


  • 주제어

    Calcium channel .   Gastric myocytes .   Osmotic stretch .   Arachidonic acid.  

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  • So, In-Suk (30)

  • 김기환 (51)

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