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Protective Effect of Aminoglycosides and Their Combinations Against 2-Chloroethylethyl Sulfide Exposure

Kim, Yun-Bae  
  • 초록

    Exposure of splenocytes to 2-chloroethylethyl sulfide (CEES) resulted in the cell death, and the cytotoxicity of CEES was prevented by inhibitors of lysosomal hydrolases. Therefore, it has been postulated that the cytotoxicity of CEES may be partially due to the lysosomal labilization. This study, based on this mechanism, was undertaken to determine whether aminoglycoside antibiotics as inhibitors of lysosomal phospholipases and their combinations with other lysosome stabilizers can be useful as a treatment to reduce the CEES toxicity in mice. 2-Chloroethylethyl sulfide (20 mg/kg body weight) was injected ip into female ICR mice, and candidate compounds were administered ip before or after the CEES challenge. Kanamycin (40 mg/kg body weight) as effective as deferoxamine (100 mg/kg body weight) enhanced the survival rate after 5 days of intoxication from 10% of control to 50 - 60%. The most effective was found to be the combination of kanamycin, cycloheximide, deferoxamine and dextrose showing an almost full protection against 2LD50 of CEES. Consistent with the protection of the CEES toxicity, the decrease of body weight in mice intoxicated with CEES was effectively prevented by kanamycin or its combinations. It is suggested that kanamycin or its combination (kanamycin, cycloheximide, deferoxamine and dextrose) would be one of effective antidotes against the CEES poisoning in mice.


  • 주제어

    2-Chloroethylethyl sulfide .   CEES .   Aminoglycosides .   Lysosome stabilization .   Combinational therapy .   Viability .   Body weight.  

  • 참고문헌 (28)

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