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흰쥐 해마 절편에서 저산소증에 의한 [$^3H$-5-Hydroxytrytamine의 유리 변동에 미치는 superoxide dismutase/catalase의 영향
Effect of Superoxide Dismutase on the Release of [$^3H$]-5-Hydroxytrytamine after Hypoxia from Rat Hippocampal Slices

이경은    (이화여자대학교 의과대학 약리학교실   ); 박월미    (이화여자대학교 의과대학 약리학교실   ); 배영숙    (이화여자대학교 의과대학 약리학교실  );
  • 초록

    Many factors are known to be responsible for cerebral ischemic injury, such as excitatory neurotransmitters, increased intraneuronal calcium, or disturbance of cellular energy metabolism. Recently, oxygen free radicals, formed during ischemia/reperfusion, have been proposed as one of the main causes of ischemia/reperfusion injury. Therefore, to investigate the role of oxygen free radical during ischemia/reperfusion, in the present study the effect of endogenous oxygen free radical scavenger, superoxide dismutase / catalase(SOD / catalase) on the release of [ $^3$ H]-5-hydroxytryptamine([ $^3$ H]-5-HT) during hypoxia/reoxygenation in rat hippocampal slices was measured. The hippocampus was obtained from the rat brain and sliced 400 gm thickness with manual chopper. After 30 min's preincubation in the normal buffer, the slices were incubated for 20 min in a buffer containing [ $^3$ H]-5-HT(0.1 $\mu$ M, 74 $\mu$ Ci) for uptake, and washed. To measure the release of [ $^3$ H]-5-HT into the buffer, the incubation medium was drained off and refilled every ten minutes through a sequence of 14 tubes. Induction of hypoxia for 20 min (gassing it with 95% N $_2$ /5% CO $_2$ ) was done in the 6th and 7th tube, and oxygen free radical scavenger, SOD / catalase was added 10 minutes prior to induction of hypoxia. The radioactivity in each buffer and the tissue were counted using liquid scintillation counter and the results were expressed as a percentage of the total activity. When slices were exposed to hypoxia for 20 min, [ $^3$ H]-5-HT release was markedly decreased and a rebound release of [ $^3$ H]-5-HT was observed on the post-hypoxic reoxygenation period. SOD / catalase did not changed the release of [ $^3$ H]-5-HT in control group, but inhibited the decrease of [ $^3$ H]-5-HT release in hypoxic period and rebound increase of [ $^3$ H]-5-HT in reoxygenation period. This result suggest that superoxide anion may play a role in the hypoxic-, and reoxygenation-induced change of [ $^3$ H]-5-HT release in rat hippocampal slices.


  • 주제어

    SOD/catalase .   [$^3H$]-5-hydroxytryptamine release .   Hypoxia .   Hippocampal slices.  

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