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韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition. v.30 no.5, 1997년, pp.489 - 498   피인용횟수: 3

한국농촌 성인의 혈청 Carotenoids 농도와 이에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구
Levels and Factors Affecting Serum Carotenoids Concentrations of Adults Living in Rural Area of Korea

안윤진    (서울대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학과  );
  • 초록

    Recent researches suggest that carotenoids are important not only as provitamin A but also for prevention of chronic diseases. This study was conduction to determine levels and factors affecting serum levels of lutein + zeaxanthin, $\beta$ -cryptoxanthin, and $\beta$ -carotene in 93 adults living in rural area of Korea. Fasting blood samples were collected and serum carotenoid levels were measured by HPLC. Dietary intake was estimated by 24 hour recall method and frequency questionnare of major food groups. Mean serum concentration of lutein + zeaxanthin was 616.32 nmol/L, $\beta$ -cryptoxanthin was 856.95nmol/L, and $\beta$ -carotene was 242.90nmol/L. Serum $\beta$ -carotene levels in study subjects were very low. Both $\beta$ -cryptxanthin and $\beta$ -carotene were negatively correlated with serum triglyceride and positively correlated with total-choesterol and LDL-cholesterol. Serum levels of female subjects were significantly higher than males in all carotenoids. For age groups, subjects in their 30's were shown to have the highest concentration of all carotenoids. Lutein + zeaxanthin were lowest in subjects in theri 40's while $\beta$ -crytoxanthin and $\beta$ -carotene levels were lowest in subjects in their 60's. The $\beta$ -carotene levels in non-smokers were significantly higher than in drinkers. Lutein+zeaxanthin levels were significantly higher among subjects consuming more green and yellow vegetables by frequency questionnarie. In conclusion, serum carotenoids were affected by sex, age, serum lipids, smoking, and alcohol intake. Intake of vegetables and fruits could affect by sex, serum lipids, smoking, and alchol intake. Intake of vegetables and fruits could affect serum lutein+zeaxanthin level. This data indicated that compared to other studies, Korean adults in rural areas have high lutein+zeaxanthin concentratins and low $\beta$ -carotene concentrations in serum. High lutein+zeaxanthin levels may be related to high consumption of vegetables in these subjects.


  • 주제어

    litein+zeaxanthin .   $\beta$-cryptoxanthin .   $\beta$-carotene .   carotenoids.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

    1. 1997. "A Study on Health Status, Meal Management, and Seasonal Variation of Nutrient Intake of Rural Women" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 26(6): 1215~1220     
    2. 1998. "A Study on Serum Concentrations of Antioxidant Minerals in Normal Korean Adults" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 31(3): 324~332     
    3. 1999. "Relation between Vitamin A and $\beta$-Carotene Intakes and Serum Total Carotenoids Levels in Smoking College Students" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 28(2): 492~500     

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