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Differential Effect of Homocysteic Acid and Cysteic Acid on Changes of Inositol Phosphates and $[Ca^{2+}]i$ in Rat Cerebellar Granule Cells

Kim, Won-Ki   (Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans UniversityUU0001056  ); Pae, Young-Sook   (Division of Neuroscience, Medical Research Center, Ewha Womans UniversityUU0001056  );
  • 초록

    The present study was undertaken to characterize homocysteic acid (HCA)-and cysteic acid (CA)-mediated formation of inositol phosphates (InsP) in primary culture of rat cerebellar granule cells. HCA and CA stimulated InsP formation in a dose-dependent manner, which was prevented by the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist D,L-2-amino-5-phosphopentanoic acid (APV). CA-, but not HCA-, mediated InsP formation was in part prevented by the metabotropic glutamate receptor antagonist ? ${\alpha}$ -methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine ( $({\pm})$ -MCPG). Both HCA- and CA-mediated increases in intracellular calcium concentration were completely blocked by APV, but were not altered by $({\pm})$ -MCPG. CA-mediated InsP formation was in part prevented by removal of endogenous glutamate. In contrast, the glutamate transport blocker L-aspartic acid- ${\beta}$ -hydroxamate synergistically increased CA responses. These data indicate that in cerebellar granule cells HCA mediates InsP formation wholly by activating NMDA receptor. In contrast, CA stimulates InsP formation by activating both NMDA receptor and metabotropic glutamate receptor, and in part by releasing endogenous glutamate into extracellular milieu.


  • 주제어

    Homocysteic acid .   Cysteic acid .   Cerebellar granule cell .   Primary culture .   Inositol phosphates .   $[Ca^{2+}]i$ .   N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor .   Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor.  

 저자의 다른 논문

  • Kim, Won-Ki (1)

    1. 1998 "Study on the Action by PAF on IL-1 Modulation in Alveolar Macrophages: Involvement of Endogenous Arachidonate Metabolites and Intracellular $Ca^{++}$ Mobilization" The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology : official journal of the Korean Physiological Society and the Korean Society of Pharmacology 2 (2): 241~249    
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