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대기 에어로졸의 체류시간과 화학조성 II. 부산지역 에어로졸의 체류시간
Residence Times and Chemical Composition of Atmospheric Aerosols II. Residence Times of Aerosols in Pusan

양한섭    (부경대 해양학과   ); 전은주    (부경대 해양학과   ); 김영일    (부경대 해양학과   ); 옥곤    (부경대 대기과학과  );
  • 초록

    To estimate the residence times of aerosols in air, the activities of $^{210}Pb$ and $^{210}Po$ in aerosols were measured at 4 sites in Pusan. All aerosol samples were collected by a high volume air sampler from January to October 1996. The activities $^{210}Pb$ and $^{210}Po$ in Pusan were varied from 11.77 to 67.57 dpm/1000 $m^3$ and from 2.63 to 15.91 dpm/1000 $m^3$ , respectively. The mean activities were 34.62 dpm/1000 $m^3$ for $^{210}Pb$ and 8.24 dpm/1000 $m^3$ for $^{210}Po$ . The highest values of the activities of $^{210}Pb$ and $^{210}Po$ were appeared at P3 site and the lowest values at P4 site. During the sampling period, the trends of the activities of $^{210}Po$ and $^{210}Pb$ were similar to total suspended particulate matter(TSP) concentrations. The mean residence times of atmospheric aerosols calculated from $^{210}Po$ / $^{210}Pb$ activity ratio was about 60~80 days in Pusan. The longest residence time of atmospheric aerosols was in January because of the lack of rainout and washout, but the shortest residence time was in August, largely due to scavenging effect by frequent rains. The activities of $^{210}Po$ and $^{210}Pb$ in atmospheric aerosols were different in time and space, which seems that the distribution of $^{210}Po$ and $^{210}Pb$ activities and scavenging processes in air may be controlled by the local and meteorological conditions.


  • 주제어

    aerosols .   210Pb .   210Po .   residence times .   local and meteorological conditions.  

  • 참고문헌 (19)

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