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Development of PCR-Based Screening Methods for Macrolide Type Polyketides in Actinomycetes

Hyun, Chang-Gu  
  • 초록

    About two thirds of the naturally occurring antibiotics have been discovered from actinomycetes. Therefore, the probability of discovering further new antibiotics from actinomycetes is declining as many known metabolites are isolated repeatedly. However, various efforts leave been made in order to enhance the probability of discovering novel compounds. In the present study, we have developed new screening strategies based on the antibiotic biosynthetic pathway, and the genetic information, utilizing polymerase chain reaction. We have selected macrolide type polyketides. In order to divide the ansamycin group antibotic of macrolide type polyketides, we have selected 3-amino-5-hydroxybenzoic acid (AHBA) moiety which contains a biosynthetically unique structural element in the group as a target molecules. Oligonucleotide primers were designed to amplify DNA fragments of macrolide type polyketide synthase and AHBA synthase genes from fourteen actinomycetes species. This method was successfully applied to all three of the known macrolide type polyketide produccing actinomycetes tested. In addition, it also identified the presence of potential macrolide type polyketide producing genes from seven actinomycetes that were known to produce none of macrolide type polyketides, and AHBA biosynthetic genes in one actinomycetes. This technique is potentially useful for the screening of new antibiotices and cloning of their biosynthetic genes.


  • 주제어

    Actinomycetes .   3-amino-5-hydroxybenzoic acid .   macrolide type polyketide.  

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