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Characterization of Sulfur Oxidation by an Autotrophic Sulfur Oxidizer, Thiobacillus sp. ASWW-2

Lee Eun Yaung    (Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ewha Womans University   ); Cho Kyung-Suk    (Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ewha Womans University   ); Ryu Hee Wook    (Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Soong Sil University  );
  • 초록

    An autotrophic sulfur oxidizer, Thiobacillus sp. ASWW-2, was isolated from activated sludge, and its sulfur oxidation activity was characterized. Thiobacillus sp. ASWW-2 could oxidize elemental sulfur on the broad range from pH 2 to 8. When 5-50 g/L of elemental sulfur was supplemented as a substrate, the growth and sulfur oxidation activity of Thiobacillus sp. ASWW-2 was not inhibited. The specific sulfur oxidation rate of strain ASWW-2 decreased gradually until sulfate was accumulated in medium up to 10 g/L. In the range of sulfate concentration from 10 g/L to 50 g/L, the sulfur oxidation rate could keep over $2.0g-S/g-DCW{\cdot}d$ . It indicated that Thiobacillus sp. ASWW-2 has tolerance to high concentration of sulfate.

  • 주제어

    autotrophic sulfur oxidizing bacterium .   elemental sulfur .   tolerance to sulfate .   biofilter.  

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