A survey on the incidence rate of foot diseases in dairy cattle
This study was carried out to investigate the status of hoof diseases and to develope treatment method for cattle with hoof diseases during the period of January to December in 2000. Out of 435 heads, 34 heads(7.8%) had hoof diseases. In respect to season, incidence rate was higher in August to September than that of other seasons. The incidence rates of hoof rot, pododermatitis verrucosae, laminitis, other cases and trauma were 14 cases(41%), 10 cases (29%), 7 cases(21%), 2 cases(6%) and 1 case(3%), respectively. In respect to age and milk production, Incidence rate was higher in the cattle with high milk production. Incidence rate of hoof diseases on the hind-limbs was higher than that of the fore-limbs. E. coli(8 strains), Clostridium spp(8 strains), Staphylococcus spp(6 strains), Fusobacterium spp(6 strains), and Bacteroides spp(6 strains) were isolated from the hoof lesions. All isolates were sensitive to composite preparation made of mainly formalin with picric acid and phenol. (Treatment against each strains isolated was sensitive to composite preparation made out of the main constitutions of formalin with picric acid and phenol).
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