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시설참외 연작재배지 토양의 객토 및 심토반전이 토양 화학성 변화와 토양선층 억제효과에 미치는 영향
Effects of Soil Addition and Subsoil Plowing on the Change of Soil Chemical Properties and the Reduction of Root-Knot Nematode in Continuous Cropping Field of Oriental Melon (Cucumis melo L.)

전한식   (경북농업기술원  ); 박우철   (경북대학교 농과대학 농화학과UU0000096  ); 정재식   (경북농업기술원  );
  • 초록

    우리나라의 시설참외 주산지인 성주지역의 시설참외 연작 대책으로 객토와 심경에 의한 토양 화학성분의 변화와 뿌리혹선충 억제효과를 조사한 결과는 다음과 같다. 시설참외 연작 대책으로 많은 양의 객토를 함으로 EC는 4.30 dS/m에서 1.80 dS/m 58%, 유효인산은 406 mg/kg에서 182 mg/kg으로 55% 감축되고 유기물 함량이 16 g/kg에서 11 g/kg으로 31% 줄어 퇴비 등 각종 거름 사용량을 증가해야 하며 뿌리혹선충 밀도 억제효과는 1년 차 89%, 3년 차 84%, 5년 차 69%로 되어 근본 대책이 되지 못하면서 영농비 가중 및 환경 파괴의 문제가 수반되었다. 심토반전 효과도 객토와 비슷하여 EC 4.30 dS/m에서 1.98 dS/m 54% 줄고 유효인산 406 mg/kg에서 329 mg/kg으로 19% 줄었으며 뿌리혹선충 밀도 억제 효과는 처리 후 1년 차 71%, 3년 차 67%, 5년 차 42%가 되므로 처리 3년 이후에는 다른 대책이 필요하였다.


    To elucidate the effect of soil addition and subsoil plowing on the change of sell chemical properties and the reduction of root-knot nematode, this experiment carried out in continuous cropping field of protected oriental melon (Cucumis melo L.). Soil addition reduced electric conductivity (E. C.) from 4.3 to 1.8 dS/m (58%), available $P_2O_5$ from 406 to 182 mg/kg (55%) and organic matter content from 16 to 11 g/kg (31%). Population densities of root-knot nematode in soil reduced as much as 89%, 84%, and 69% at first year, third years, and of five years later, respectively The effects of subsoil plowing were similar to that of soil addition. E. C. and phosphate were reduced from 4.30 to 1.98 dS/m (54%) and phosphate from 406 to 329 mg/kg (19%), respectively. Population densities of root-knot nematode reduced as much as 71%, 67%, and 42% after 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively Subsoil plowing reduced nematode densities only for three years.


  • 주제어

    oriental melon .   continuous cropping damage .   root-knot nematode .   soil addition .   subsoll plowing.  

  • 참고문헌 (17)

    1. SeongJu Agricultural Technology Center (1999) Oriental melon and watermelon, p.57-84 
    2. Park, S. D., Kwon, T. Y., Im, Y. S. and Choi, B. S. (1995) Effect of early infection by Meloidogyne incognita on fruit vegetables, RDA Journal of Agricultural Science 37(1), 308-312 
    3. Park, S. D. (1995) Studies on disease . pest and soil characteristic in successive cropping field of fruit vegetable, Department of Horticulture Graduate School, Hyosung Women's University 
    4. Park, S. D., Park, S. D., Kwon, T. Y., Jun, H S. and Choi, B. S. (1995) The occurrance and severity of damage by root-knot Nematode Maloidogyne incognita in controlled fruit vegetable field, RDA Journal of Agricultural Science 37(1), 318-323 
    5. Rural Development Administration (1995) Control of Meloidogyne spp. in oriental melon, Special Res. Reptr. of RDA (Cooperative Project) 
    6. SeongJu Agricultural Technology Center (1997) SeongJu-Gun Overview, 2-4 
    7. Chun, H. S. (1994) Soil managements for counterplan of continuous cultivation obstacles in a Melon vinyl house culture, Agricultural Resources Major Graduate School of Agricultural 
    8. Lee, Y. H., Shin, Y. K., Hwang, K. N. and Rhee, G. S. (1993) Studies on chemical properties of soils under the plastic house cultivation of vegetables, J. Korean Soc. Soil Sci. Fert. 26(4), 236-241 
    9. Suh, J. S., Jung, B. G. and Kwon, J. S. (1998) Soil microbial diversity of the plastic film house fields in Korea, J. Korean Soc. Soil Sci. Fert. 31(2), 197-203 
    10. Kwon, J. S., Suh, J. S., Weon, H. Y. and Shin. J. S. (1998) Evaluation of soil microflora in salt accumulated soils of plastic film house, J. Korean Soc. Soil Sci. Fert. 31(2), 204-210 
    11. Jung, G. B., Ryu I. S. and Kim, B. Y. (1994) Soil texture, electrical conductivity and chemical components of soil under the plastic film house cultivation in northern central areas of Korea, J. Korean Soc. Soil Sci. Fert. 27(1), 33-39 
    12. Yuk, C. S., Kim, J. J., Hong, S. D. and Kang, B. G. (1993) Salt accumulation in horticultural soils of PE film house in Chungbuk area, J. Korean Soc. Soil Sci. Fert. 26(3), 172-180 
    13. Hur, B. K., Kim, L. Y., Jo, I. S., Park, Y. S., Um, K. T. and Kim, M. S. (1986) Effect of organic matter resources on the soil improvement and crop growth, The Research Reports of RDA, 28(1), 7-12 
    14. Rhee, K. M., Shin, C. W., Park, J. K. and Lee, J. Y. (1987) Studies on the changes of soil fertility in continuous and rotated vegetable cropping systems, Research Report, RDA (H), 29(2), 99-104 
    15. Agricultural Science Institute, RDA (1988) Soil analysis, p.26-204 
    16. Kwon, T. Y., Jung, K C., Park, S. D., Sim, Y. G. and Choi, B. S. (1998) Cultural and chemical control of root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne sp. on oriental melon in plastic film house, RDA J. Crop Prot. 40, 96-101 
    17. Park, S. D. (1992) Studies on the Nematodes associated with medicinal herbs and their control in Korea, Department of Agricultural Biology, Graduate School, Kyungpook National University 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (17)

    1. ; ; ; ; Khan Zakaullah 2004. "Effects of Soil Textures by Soil Addition on the Growth and Quality of Oriental Melon (Cucumis melo L. var. makuwa Mak.) under Protected Cultivation" 생물환경조절학회지 = Journal of bio-environment control, 13(3): 156~161     
    2. Kim, Jin-Won ; Chung, Jong-Bae 2005. "Green Pepper Cultivation in Mixture Bed of Soil and Rice Hull for Alleviation of Salinity Problems in Plastic Film House" 韓國土壤肥料學會誌 = Korean journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 38(6): 340~344     
    3. Kim, Hong-Lim ; Sohn, Bo-Kyun ; Jung, Kang-Ho ; Kang, Youn-Ku 2006. "The Effect of Anaerobic Fermentation Treatment of Rice or Wheat bran on the Physical and Chemical property of Plastic Film House Soil" 韓國土壤肥料學會誌 = Korean journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 39(6): 366~371     
    4. Ahn, Byung-Koo ; Kim, Dae-Hyang ; Lee, Jin-Ho 2007. "Post Harvest Cropping Impacts on Soil Properties in Continuous Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thunb.) Cultivation Plots" 韓國土壤肥料學會誌 = Korean journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 40(1): 98~107     
    5. Kim, Hong-Lim ; Weon, Hang-Yeon ; Sohn, Bo-Kyun ; Choi, Young-Hah ; Kwack, Young-Bum 2009. "Microbial Community Changes in the Soil of Plastic Film House as Affected by Anaerobic Fermentation of Rice Bran or Wheat Bran" 韓國土壤肥料學會誌 = Korean journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 42(5): 341~347     
    6. Ahn, Byung-Koo ; Lee, Young-Han ; Lee, Jin-Ho 2010. "Fertilizer Management Practices with Rice Straw Application for Improving Soil Quality in Watermelon Monoculture Greenhouse Plots" 韓國土壤肥料學會誌 = Korean journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 43(1): 75~82     
    7. Song, Hae-Ahn ; Kim, Kab-Cheol ; Lee, Seung-Yeob 2012. "Effect of Virus-free Plant and Subsoiling Reversion Soil for Reduction of Injury by Continuous Cropping of Sweet Potato" Korean journal of crop science = 韓國作物學會誌, 57(3): 254~261     
    8. Kim, Seong-Heon ; Seo, Dong-Cheol ; Park, Jong-Hwan ; Lee, Seong-Tae ; Lee, Sang-Won ; Kim, Hong-Chul ; Cho, Ju-Sik ; Heo, Jong-Soo 2013. "Effects of Green Manure Crops on Growth and Yield of Carrot for Reduction of Continuous Cropping Injury of Carrot through Crop Rotation" 한국환경농학회지 = Korean journal of environmental agriculture, 32(4): 279~286     
    9. Byeon, Il-Su ; Suh, Sun-Young ; Lee, Yong-Se ; Chung, Jong-Bae 2014. "Effect of Double-Cropping Systems on Nematode Population in Plastic Film House Soils of Oriental Melon Cultivation" 한국환경농학회지 = Korean journal of environmental agriculture, 33(1): 17~23     
    10. Kim, Dayeon ; Kim, Byung-Yong ; Ahn, Jae-Hyung ; Weon, Hang-Yeon ; Kim, Sung-Il ; Kim, Wan-Gyu ; Song, Jaekyeong 2015. "Quantitative Analysis of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens GR4-5 in Soil" 韓國有機農業學會誌 = Korean journal of organic agriculture, 23(4): 847~858     
    11. Byeon, Il-Su ; Chung, Jong-Bae 2015. "Desalinization Effect of Off-season Crop Cultivation in Long-term Oriental Melon Cultivated Plastic Film House Soils" 한국환경농학회지 = Korean journal of environmental agriculture, 34(4): 253~259     
    12. Lee, Hyeong-Un ; Chung, Mi-Nam ; Han, Seon-Kyeong ; Ahn, Seung-Hyun ; Lee, Joon-Seol ; Yang, Jung-Wook ; Song, Yeon-Sang ; Kim, Jae-Myung ; Nam, Sang-Sik ; Choi, In-Hu 2015. "Effect of Subsoiling on Growth and Yield of Sweetpotato in Continuous Sweetpotato Cropping Field" Korean journal of crop science = 韓國作物學會誌, 60(1): 47~53     
    13. An, Ji Young ; Park, Byung Bae ; Byun, Jae Kyung ; Cho, Min Seok ; Kim, Yong Suk ; Han, Si Ho ; Kim, Se Bin 2015. "The Short-term Effects of Soil Brought and Subsoil Inversion on Growth and Tissue Nutrient Concentrations of Fraxinus rhynchophylla, Pinus densiflora, and Pinus koraiensis Seedlings in a Nursery" 韓國林學會誌 = Journal of Korean Forest Society, 104(1): 43~49     
    14. Jung, Yu Jin ; Nou, III Sup ; Kang, Kwon Kyoo 2015. "Effects of Green Manure Crops on Tomato Growth and Soil Improvement for Reduction of Continuous Cropping Injury through Crop Rotation in Greenhouse" 韓國資源植物學會誌 = Korean journal of plant resources, 28(2): 263~270     
    15. Han, Jeong-Ji ; Lee, Kwang-Soo ; Choi, Su-Min ; Park, Yong-Bae ; Bae, Eun-Ji 2015. "Soil Properties and Growth Characteristics by Production Periods of Zoysiagrass Sods" Weed & Turfgrass Science, 4(3): 262~267     
    16. Lee, Sung Woo ; Lee, Seung Ho ; Lan, Jin Mei ; Park, Kyung Hoon ; Jang, In Bok ; Kim, Ki Hong 2016. "Control of Soil-Borne Pathogens in Ginseng Cultivation through the Use of Cultured Green Manure Crop and Solarization in Greenhouse Facilities" 韓國藥用作物學會誌 = Korean journal of medicinal crop science, 24(2): 136~142     
    17. Park, Byung Bae ; Byun, Jae Kyung ; Cho, Min Seok ; Han, Si Ho ; Jung, Mun Ho ; Kim, Se Bin ; Bae, Kikang 2016. "The Effects of Soil Improvements on Growth and Tissue Nutrient Concentrations of Fraxinus rhynchophylla and Pinus densiflora Seedlings in a Nursery" 環境復元綠化 = Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, 19(2): 41~54     

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