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The plant pathology journal v.18 no.3, 2002년, pp.156 - 160   피인용횟수: 3

Occurrence of Dry Rot on Cymbidium Orchids Caused by Fusarium spry. in Korea

Kim, Wan-Gyu   (Plant Pathology Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Rural Development AdministrationCC0187065  ); Lee, Byung-Dae   (Biorigin Incorporation  ); Cho, Weong-Dae   (Plant Pathology Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Rural Development AdministrationCC0187065  ); Sung, Jae-Mo   (Department of Environmental Biology, Kangwon National UniversityUU0000037  );
  • 초록

    Cymbidium orchids with blight and rot symptoms were collected, and a total of 63 isolates of Fusarium app. was obtained from pseudobulbs, roots, and leaves of the diseased plants. The isolates were identified based on their morphological characteristics. Out of the 63 isolates of Fusatium sup., 51 isolates were identified as F. oxysporum, 10 isolates as F. solani, and the rest as F. proliferatum. F. oxysporum was isolated from all the Cymbidium spp., while F. solani and F. proliferatum were isolated only from Cymbidium ensifolium and C. ginatum, respectively. Isolates of the three Fusarium spp. were tested for pathogenicity to their hosts by artificial inoculation. The strongly pathogenic isolates of Fusarium spp. induced severe dry rot of pseudobulbs and roots of the host plants. The symptoms progressed up to the basal part of the leaves, which later caused blight of the entire plant. The dry root symptoms induced on the plants by artificial inoculation with the isolates of Fusarium app. were similar to those observed in the growers'greenhouses. This is the first report of dry rot of Cymbidium spp. caused by F. oxysporum, F. solani, and F. proliferatum in Korea.


  • 주제어

    Cymbidium spp.   .   dry rpt .   Fusarium oxysporum .   F.   solani .   F.   proliferatum .   orchid.  

  • 참고문헌 (12)

    1. Snyder, W. C. and Hansen, H. N. 1940. The species concept in Fusarium. Amer. J. Bot. 27:64-67 
    2. Ichikawa, K. and Saito, H. 1998. Occurrence of dry rot on Cym-bidium caused by Fusarium solani. Proc. Kanto-Tosan Plant Prot. Soc.45:119-121 
    3. Benyon, F, Summerell, B. A. and Burgess, L. W. 1996. Associa-tion of Fusarium species with root rot of Cymbidium orchids. Austral. Plant Pathol. 25:226-228 
    4. Booth, C. 1971. The Genus Fusarium. Commonwealth Mycological Institute. Kew, Surrey, England. 237 p 
    5. Fisher, N. L., Burgess, L. W., Toussoun, T. A. and Nelson, P, E. 1982. Camation leaves as a substrate and for preserving cul-hires of Fusanum species. Phytopathology 72:151-153 
    6. D'Agliano, G. and Carrai, C. 1994. Presenza di Fusarium subgtu-tinans in coltivazioni industriali di Cymbidium. Inf. Fitopatol. 44:24-27 
    7. Chang, M., Hyun. I. H., Lee, Y. H. and Lee, D. H. 1998. Leaf spot of Cymbidium hybrida caused by Fusarium protiferatum. Korean J. PIant Pathol. 14:664-667 
    8. Honda, T, Negishi, H., Suyama, K. and Wakimoto, S. 1995. Occurrence of brown leaf blight of Cymbidium caused by Fusarium subgIutinans. Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Jpn. 61:221 (Abstr. in Japanese) 
    9. Broadhurst, P. G. and Hartill, W. F. T. 1996. Occurrence of Fusar-ium subglutinans on Cymbidium orchids in New Zealand. Plant Dis. 80:711(Abstr.) 
    10. Nelson, P. E., Toussoun, T. A. and Marasas, W. F. O. 1983. Fusarium Species: An Illustrated Manual for Identification. The Pennsylvania State University Press, Pennsylvania, USA. 193 p 
    11. Gleason, I. O., White, M. and Gladden, A. 1966. Cymbidium seedling wih-Fusarium moniliforme as a causative agent. Bull. Am. Orchid Soc. 35:294-297 
    12. Ichikawa, K. and Aoki, T. 2000. New leaf spot disease of Cymbid-ium species caused by Fusarium subgtutinans and Fusarium proliferatum.J. Gen. Plant Pathol. 66:213-218 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

    1. Jee, Hyeong-Jin ; Lee, Sun-Mi ; Cho, Weon-Dae 2003. "Effects of Prochloraz and Tebuconazole on Control of Fusarium Bulb and Root Rot of Oriental Orchid, Cymbidium goeringii" Research in plant disease = 식물병연구, 9(2): 72~78     
    2. Park, In-Jae ; Shin, Kwang-Soo 2005. "Isolation and Phylogenetic Analysis of Orchid Rotting Fungus, Fusarium sp. KS-01" 한국균학회지 = The Korean journal of mycology, 33(2): 92~94     
    3. 2015. "" Mycobiology, 43(3): 343~346     

 저자의 다른 논문

  • Kim, Wan-Gyu (16)

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    2. 1997 "사과의 역병: II. Phytophthora cactorum과 P. cambivora에 의한 사과 과실역병의 발생" 한국식물병리학회지 = Korean journal of plant pathology 13 (3): 145~151    
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    10. 2005 "외래침입 병원체에 의한 작물 병 발생 및 분포" Research in plant disease = 식물병연구 11 (1): 1~9    

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