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韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition. v.35 no.3, 2002년, pp.352 - 367   피인용횟수: 5

전주지역 노인의 식사의 질 평가에 관한 연구
A Study on the Dietary Quality Assessment among the Elderly in Jeonju Area

김인숙   (원광대학교 식품영양학과UU0001021  ); 유현희   (원광대학교 식품영양학과UU0001021  ); 서은숙   (원광대학교 식품영양학과UU0001021  ); 서은아   (원광대학교 식품영양학과UU0001021  ); 이형자   (원광대학교 식품영양학과UU0001021  );
  • 초록

    전주 지역에 거주하는 65세 이상 노인 230명 (남자 73명 (31.7%) 여자 157(68.3%))을 대상으로 식생활 조사를 실시하여 식사의 질을 평가, 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. 교육수준은 남자는 중-고졸이 47.9%, 여자는 초등졸 이하가 55.4% (p $\leq$ 6)가 남녀 각각 4.1, 21.7%, bad(7~9)는 각각 58.9, 55.4%, normal (10~13)은 34.2, 22.3%, good (14~15)은 2.7, 0.5% (p $_2$ 는 여자가 1이하로 나타났다. 또한 NAR 중에서도 낮은 영양소는 비타민 A (남 0.52, 여 0.42 (p $_2$ (남 0.77, 여 0.67 (p $_2$ 는 질적 평가에서, 칼슘과 비타민 A는 질과 양이 모두 낮은 영양소로 나타났으며 특히 여자의 경우는 권장량의 절반이하의 수준으로 나타났다. 따라서 이들 영양소의 섭취를 위해 효율적인 식품선택이나 추가 보충등의 방안이 모색되어야 할 것으로 보인다. DVS를 종속변수로 하고 DDS, KDDS, MBS를 독립변수로 하여 다중회귀분석 (Stepwise 방법)을 실시하여, 남자는 KDDS (p


    In order to assess the quality of dietary intake among the elderly, a survey was conducted during Jucy-August, 1999, of 230 subjects who were 65 years or older and who were living in Jeonju City. Results of the analysis of the data are as follows : Regarding Dietery Variety Score (DVS), the average number of food items consumed per person was significantly higher for males (19.6) than for females (17.7). The intake of plant food was higher than animal food for both sexes the proportion of plant versus animal foods consumed by fresh weight was 85 : 15 for males and 89 : 11 for females. Diet Diversity Score (DDS) is determined by how many from five food groups (cereal, meat, dairy, vegetable and fruit) consumed per day while Korean Diet Diversity Score (KDDS) is determined by how many from five different food groups (cereal, meat, vegetable, dairy and oil) consumed per day. The subjects'average DDS and KDDS were 4.0 and 3.5 for males, and 3.7 and 3.2 for females, respectively. Overall, the distribution of DDS was lower than that of KDDS. The average Meal Balance Score (MBS : Apply the KDDS at breakfast, lunch and dinner) was 9.1 for malts and 8.1 for females. Average daily caloric intake for males and females was 1,740 kcal and 1,433 kcal, which was 84.0% and 80.9% of the RDA, respectively. Average daily protein intake for males and females, at 67 g and 49 g (100.7% and 88.3% of the RDA), respectively, was satisfactory. However, intakes of calcium and vitamin A were below 75% of the RDA (calcium : 62.7% for males and 55.3% for females ; vitamin A : 60.7% for males and 53.9% far females). The average proportional contribution of protein/fat/carbohydrate (PFC) to total calorie intake was 15.8 : 15.7 : 68.5 for males and 13.8 : 13.2 : 73.0 for females. Distribution of energy for each meal (breakfast : lunch : afternoon snack : dinner : night snack) was 29.2 : 32.4 : 5.0 : 31.2 : 2.2 among males and 30.5 : 33.5 : 4.5 : 28.6 : 2.91 among females. The Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) was above 1 for protein, phosphorus, iron, vitamin B $_1$ , niacin, and vitamin C. However, the INQ of calcium and vitamin A were below 1 among both males and females, and the INQ of vitamin B $_2$ was below l among females. The Nutrient Adequacy Ratio (NAR = nutrient intake %RDA) was below 1 for all nutrients, and the NAR of vitamin A were the lowest among 9 nutrients (protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B $_1$ , vitamin B $_2$ , niacin, vitamin C) for both males and females, with values of 0.52 and 0.42, respectively. The second and third lowest NAR values were for calcium(males: 0.68: females: 0.54) and vitamin B $_2$ (males: 0.77: females: 0.67). Values of Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR = sum of 9 NARs/9) for males (0.82) were higher than for females (0.73). These results indicate that the intakes of calcium and vitamin A were severely inadequate. The results of a stepwise multiple regression analysis, where the DVS or MAR were the dependent variables and the DDS, KDDS, and MBS were independent variables, indicated that DDS is a more useful variable than KDDS in determining the quality of meals of the elderly.


  • 주제어

    dietary quality .   DDS .   KDDS .   MBS .   MAR .   elderly.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (5)

    1. 2003. "A Comparison Study of the Daily Food Intake and Its Related Factors of the Elderly Living in Incheon" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 13(5): 379~390     
    2. Yim, Kyeong-Sook 2008. "Nutrient Intake Assessment of Korean Elderly Living in Inje Area, According to Food Group Intake Frequency" 韓國食生活文化學會誌 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, 23(6): 779~792     
    3. Lim, Hyun-Jung ; Woo, Mi-Hye ; Moon, Sang-Kwan ; Choue, Ryo-Won 2008. "A Comparative Study of Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Cerebral Infarction or without Cerebral Infarction - Focused on Nutrient Intakes and Dietary Quality -" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 41(7): 621~633     
    4. Kwak, Chung-Shil ; Yon, Mi-Yong ; Lee, Mee-Sook ; Oh, Se-In ; Park, Sang-Chul 2010. "Anthropometric Index and Nutrient Intake in Korean Aged 50 Plus Years Living in Kugoksoondam Longevity-belt Region in Korea" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 15(3): 308~328     
    5. Kim, Bok Hee ; Yang, Ji-Suk ; Kye, Seung-Hee ; Lee, Yoonna 2014. "The Effect of a Community-Based Nutrition Intervention Program on Dietary Behavior and Nutritional Status of Low-Income Elderly Women in Gwangju City" 한국식품영양학회지 = The Korean journal of food and nutrition, 27(3): 495~506     

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