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대추 및 대추가지의 물리적 특성
Physical Properties or Jujube (Zizyphus jujuba miller) and Jujube Branches

민경선  이상우  허윤근  서정덕  맹성렬 
  • 초록

    Mechanical and physical properties of various parts of jujube (Zizyphus jojoba Miller) such as fruits, leaves, secondary branches, and leafy stems were measured and analyzed. The physical dimensions of the fruits were measured using a digital caliper, and the detachment force of the fruit and leafy stems was measured using a force gauge. The physical characteristics of the secondary branches such as the modulus of elasticity and the torsional rigidity were tested using a universal testing machine (UTM). The physical characteristics of leafy stems such as length and weight were also measured using a digital caliper and a digital scale, respectively. The detachment force of leafy stems and the area of the leaf also measured. The terminal velocities of the jujube fruits, leaves, and leafy stems were measured using a custom made terminal velocity experiment system. Diameter of the major and minor axis of the jujube fruit, weight of the fruit, and detachment force of the fruit stem was average of 32.02 mm, 23.92 mm. 10.0 ${\times}$ 10 $^6$ ㎥, 8.99 g, and 5.43 N. respectively. The detachment forces of the jujube fruits increased and the force-to-weight ratio of the jujube fruits decreased as the weight of the jujube fruits increased. The modulus of elasticity of the secondary branches of the jujube was average of 7.01 ${\times}$ 10 $^8$ N/㎡ and decreased as diameter of the secondary branches increased. The average torsional rigidity of the secondary jujube branches was 5.2 ${\times}$ 10 $^-$ N/㎡, and the torsional rigidity decreased as the secondary branch diameter increased. The distribution of the torsional rigidity data associated with the diameter of the branches, however. widely scattered and it was difficult to find any relationship between the diameter of the branches and the torsional rigidity of tile branches. The weight of the leafy stems, number of loaves attached to the leafy stems, diameter of the stem side of the leafy stems, diameter of the leafy stem end was average or 0.7 g, 6.6 ea, 12.2 cm, 4.5 mm, and 2.7 mm, respectively. The major and minor axis of the .jujube loaves, area of leaves, weight of the leaves. and detachment force of the leaves was average of 5.7 cm, 3.3 cm, 12.98 cm $^2$ , 0.20 g, and 4.39 N, respectively. The terminal velocity of the .jujube fruits increased as the weight of the fruits increased. The terminal velocity of the leafy stems, however, did not show a relationship with the weight of the leafy stems and the number of leaves attached to the leafy stem. The terminal velocity, however, slightly increased as the length of the leafy stems increased.


  • 주제어

    Jujube .   Leafy stems .   Terminal velocity .   Torsional rigidity .   Modulus of elasticity.  

  • 참고문헌 (4)

    1. Alper, Y. and A. Foux. 1976. Strength properties of orange fruits-stem joints. Transactions of the ASAE 19(3):412-414. 
    2. 경남 농업기술원. 1999. 대추. 
    3. So, J. D. 2001. Vibration characteristics of boxthorn (Lycium chinense Mill) branches. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 17(6):755-760. 
    4. So., J. D., Y. K. Huh. and S. W. Lee. 1999. Physical characteristics of stem and Fruits of Lycium chinense Mill. Journal of the KSAM 24(4):365-372. 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

    1. Kim, Hyeon-T. ; Ko, Han-J. ; Kim, Ki-Y. ; Kato, K. ; Kita, Y. ; Nishizu, T. 2007. "Determination of Egg Freshness and Internal Quality Measurement Using Image Analysis" 바이오시스템공학 = Journal of biosystems engineering, 32(3): 166~172     

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