본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

장애등급별 정신지체아동의 식행동과 식품기호도 비교
Eating Behaviors and Food Preferences of Mentally Retarded Children according to the Degree of their Handicap

박영숙   (순천향대학교 응용과학부 식품영양학전공UU0000848  ); 박기순   (순천향대학교 응용과학부 식품영양학전공UU0000848  ); 김창임   (혜전대학 식품영양과UU0001549  );
  • 초록

    The handicapped frequently suffer from inappropriate food intake often resulting in overweightness, malnutrition, and poor growth and development. Our study was done on 7 to 12 year old mentally retarded children attending a special education school in Seoul. We administered questionnaire surveys and 3-day dietary recalls of the subjects, with help when needed from their stay-at home or their care-giving teachers. The questionnaires covered the general characteristics and dietary behaviors of the subjects. The degrees of handicap of the 142 children ranged from the trainable (54.9%), the educable (31.0%), and the non-trainable (14.1%). Of the children studied, 70.4% had 'breakfast always', which was higher than normal. Appetites were highest in the Down's Syndrome group. We found that the more serious the handicap, the higher the breakfast eating ratio and appetite level. The main reason for their missing breakfast differed according to the handicap level: 'late rising'in the educable and non-trainable groups but 'no appetite'in the trainable group. Most of the children (52.2%) spent less than 20 minutes eating their meals, the parents described their children's dietary habit problems as a pica (22:3%) or overeating (17.3%) , and they indicated that teaching the children how to use spoons and chopsticks (33.1%) was the most stressful. Actually more than 85% of the subjects could not use chopsticks, and skill of using cutlery was significantly different according to the degree of handicap. The food preference for milk products was the highest. It was interesting that the handicapped who had serious food pica didn't like food groups such as grains/starches, meats/fishes/eggs/beans or vegetables/fruits.


  • 주제어

    food behavior .   food preference .   mentally retarded child .   trainable educable dawn′s syndrome.  

  • 참고문헌 (35)

    1. Chang NS (1998): Foodservice and Nutritional Management of Disabled Children. Report, Ministry of Health and Welfare 
    2. Hur KY (1994): Mineral contents of hair and urine of autism children. Master Thesis, Sungsim Catholic University 
    3. Kim KN (1982): A study on relationship between food habits and personality. Korean J Nutrition 15(3): 194-201 
    4. Kim SS, Kang SY, Kang SA, Kim JD (2000): Review on the obesity in mentally retarded children (According to the level of mental retardation). Korea University Sports Scientific Laboratory 11: 57-64 
    5. Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (2001): A survey of the disabled 2000, Report 
    6. Park YS, Chun HJ (2000): Exercise abilities by body fatness and their relation to dietary attitude in rural children. Korean J of Health Promotion 2(1): 25-34 
    7. Brooks D, McFadden S, Russel F (1989): Interdisciplinary feeding clinic assessments. In Nutritional assessment manual III: Needs of the handicapped/chronically ill child. University of Cincinnati 1989: 60-68 
    8. Choi YH (1982): Comparison of maternal cares between the mentally retarded and normal children. Master Thesis, Kyongbuk National University 
    9. Kim SH (2002): Ministry of education meaning of a passage result and propulsion direction. Health and Welfare Forum 3: 41-53 
    10. Mercer KC, Ekvall SW (1992): Comparing the diets of adults with mental retardation who live in intermediate care facilities and in group home. J Am Diet Assoc 92(3): 356-358 
    11. Hwang MK (1996): A study on the Differences of dietary habits between normal and handicapped children in Incheon area. Master Thesis, Inha University 
    12. Park GB (1996): A Comparative study on dietary habits of children in elementary school by school lunch program. Korean J Dietary Culture 11 (1): 23-35 
    13. Ryu ES (1982): Nutrition actual condition investigation of delay inconvenient child. Yonsei University Dissertation 
    14. WarpulaD (1981): Meeting the nutritional needs of the mentally retarded. J Can Diet Assoc 42: 310-315 
    15. Lee KH, Hwang KJ, Hur ES (2001): A study on body image recognition, food habits, food behaviors and nutrient intake according to the obesity index of elementary children in Changwon. Korean J Community Nutrition 6(4): 577-591 
    16. Park EJ, Moon HK, Lee SS, Park WH (2001): A Study on the food habit and nutritional Status of Develop-mentally Disabled Children Korean J Nutrition 34 (2): 188-197 
    17. Siddall CN (1981): The nutritional care of the multiply handicapped person. J Can Diet Assoc 42: 317-320 
    18. Culley WJ, Jolly DH, Mertz ET (1963): Heights and Weights of mentally retarded children. Am J Ment Defic 68: 203-209 
    19. Green EM, McIntosh EN (1985): Food and nutrition skills of mentally retarded adults: assessment and needs. J Am Diet Assoc 85: 611-613 
    20. Hopman E, Csizmadia CG, Bastiani WF, Engels QM, Graaf EA, Cessie SL, Mearin LM (1998): Eating habits of young children with Down syndrome in the Netherlands-Adequate nutrient intakes but delayed introduction of solid food. J Am Diet Assoc 98: 790-794 
    21. Jung ON (1995): Effect of dietary problem treatment of autism child-Emotion . Studying Obstacle Education Subject Number 2, Number3 
    22. Kim EK (2001): Eating behaviors and nutrition related problems in Korean children. Korean J Community Nutrition 6 (5): 905-920 
    23. Ryu Jin (1979): Effects of body organ's conditions on health status. Master Thesis, Joongang University 
    24. Balit HL, Whelan MA (1967): Some factors related to size and intelligence in institutionalized mentally retarded population. Am J Ment Defic 71: 897-909 
    25. Jones A, Murray W (1958): The heights and weights educationally subnormal children. Lancet 1: 905-909 
    26. Park YS, Im ES (2000): A survey on dietary characteristics of rural 10 year old children. Soonchunhyang J Natural Sci 6 (1): 109-113 
    27. Kim CR (1994): The SAS course for a fundamental statistical analysis. Data Research Publ. Co 
    28. Lee MR (1967): Psychology investigation against the retarded child. Educational psychology. Ewha Woman's University 8: 5-21 
    29. Gouge AL, Ekvall SW (1975): Diets of handicapped children: Physical, psychological and socioeconomic correlations. J Am Diet Assoc 80: 149-156 
    30. Lindeman AK (1991): Resident managers' nutrition concerns for staff and residents of group homes for mentally retarded adults. J Am Diet Assoc 91: 602-604 
    31. Kwak JK, Jeon CG (1996): A practice on meal guidance of disabled children. Education for the Handicapped Press 
    32. Ministry of Health and Welfare (1997, 2000): The Korean National Nutrition (Health . Nutrition) Survey in 1995, 1998 
    33. Lee YN, Kim WG, Lee SK, Chung SJ, Choi KS, Kwon SJ, Lee EW, Yoo DI (1992): Nutrition survey of children attending an elementary school with a school lunch program, in socioeconomically high apartment compound of Seoul. Korean J Nutrition 25 (1): 56-72 
    34. Gisel EG, Patrick J (1988): Identification of children with cerebral palsy unable to maintain a normal nutritional state. Lancet 6: 283-286 
    35. Suh DW (2000): Mental health policy from obstacle category magnification. Health and Welfare Forum 8: 5-15 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

    1. Kwon, Jae-Sung ; Lee, Hye-Sang 2007. "Nutrient Intakes and the Physical Activities of the Mentally Retarded Persons According to the Degree of Handicap Who Were Accommodated in Institutions in Andong Area" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 12(6): 790~797     
    2. Park, Wha-Ja ; Lee, Seung-Min 2011. "Study on Job Satisfaction and Foodservice Management of Dieticians and Nutrition Teachers in Special Schools for the Disabled: Focused on Gyeonggi Area" 대한영양사협회 학술지 = Journal of the Korean dietetic association, 17(2): 161~175     
    3. Ahn, Mi Yeon ; Moon, Hwang woon ; Chung, Hae Yun ; Park, Yoo Kyoung 2015. "Nutrient and Carotenoid Intakes and Dietary Habits in Mentally Disabled Adults" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 20(3): 208~219     

 저자의 다른 논문

  • 박기순 (2)

    1. 1999 "노인급식제도 개발을 위한 농촌 노인의 식생활 양상 기초조사 -영양소 섭취 및 건강관련 행동 실태-" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition 4 (1): 37~45    
    2. 2003 "정신지체아동의 거주형태별 및 장애등급별 영양상태 비교" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition 8 (1): 112~119    
  • Kim, Chang-Im (4)

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • NDSL :
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기