본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

예방의학회지 = Korean journal of preventive medicine v.35 no.2, 2002년, pp.107 - 115   피인용횟수: 3

양로원 노인의 신체활동, 일상생활동작, 사회행동 및 기능수행에 대한 근력강화 운동프로그램의 효과
The Effect of Strengthening Exercise Program on the Physical Activity, Activities of Daily Living, Social Behavior and Functional Performance of the Elderly in a Home for the Aged

김현숙   (여주대학 물리치료과 및 연세대학교 보건과학연구소UU0000933  ); 정치경   (가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실UU0000012  ); 이강숙   (가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실UU0000012  );
  • 초록

    Objectives : To evaluate the effects of a strengthening exercise program on the physical activity, activities of daily living(ADL), social behavior and functional performance of the elderly in a home for the aged. Methods : We administered a survey questionnaire that consisted of questions to establish general characteristics, health habits and status, physical activity, ADL, and social behavior. Additionally, a physical fitness and functional performance examination was peformed on subjects who were 65 years old or older. Study subjects numbered 33 in the experimental group and 35 in the control group. For intervention, we used a strengthening exercise program of the upper and lower limbs for 12 weeks(5 times/week) using dumbbells and lead-packed weights. Results : After the strengthening exercise program, the scores of physical activity and social behavior were significantly higher than the control group and the before exercise measurements. Moreover, the variables of functional performance were significantly higher than in the control group or the before exercise records. Conclusion : These results Indicate that a strengthening exercise program can improve the score of physical activity, ADL and social behavior, as well as decrease the time(sec) of functional performance of the elderly in a home for the aged.


  • 주제어

    Aged .   Exercise .   Activities of Daily Living .   Social behavior.  

  • 참고문헌 (47)

    1. 김정순, 역학원론. 서울: 산광출판사, 1987 
    2. Krall EA, Dawson-Hughes B. Walking is related to bone density and rates of bone loss. Am J Med 1994; 96: 20-26 
    3. Shin YH. The effect of walking exercise program on physical function and emotional state in elderly women. [dissertation]. Seoul: Ewha Womans Univ, 1997 (Korean) 
    4. Naso F, Carner E, Blankfort-Doyle W, Coughey K. Endurance training in the elderly nursing home patient. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1990; 71: 241-243 
    5. Evans WJ. Exercise training guidelines for the elderly. Med Sci Sports Exer 1999; 31: 12-17 
    6. Tzankoff SP, Norris AH. Longitudinal changes in basal metabolic rate in man. J Appl Physiol 1978; 33: 536-539 
    7. 김원식, 김병완. 트레이닝 방법론. 서울: 도서출판 홍경. 1999 
    8. Jette AM, Branch LG. The Framingham disability study: II. Physical disability among the aging. Am J Public Health 1981; 71: 1211-1216 
    9. Health GW, Hagberg JM, Ehsani AA, Holloszy JO. A physiological comparison of young and older endurance athletes. J Appl Physiol 1981; 51: 634-640 
    10. Larsson L. Morphological and functional characteristics of the aging skeletal muscle in man: a cross-sectional study. Acta Physiol Scand 1978; 1: 1-36 
    11. McKelvie RS, Teo KK, McCartney N, Humen D, Montague T, Yusuf S. Effects of exercise training in patients with congestive heart failure:A critical review. J Am Coll Cardiol 1995; 25:789-796 
    12. Lee SN. The effect of exercise designed for the aging on health promotion in the rural elderly. [dissertation]. Seoul: Yonsei Univ, 1991 (Korean) 
    13. Shin YH, Choi YH. The effect of walking exercise program on cardiorespiratory function and flexibility in the elderly women. J Korean Aca Nurs 1996; 26:3 72-386 (Korean) 
    14. Kim SY. Effect of a health management program on health promotion in the elderly. [dissertation]. Daegu: Keimyung Univ, 1997 (Korean) 
    15. 최영희. 노인과 건강. 서울: 현문사. 2000 
    16. 남정자, 최정수, 김태정, 계훈방. 한국인의 보건의식 행태. 한국보건사회연구원, 1995 
    17. Larsson L. Histochemical characteristics of human skeletal muscle during aging. Acta Physiol Scand 1983; 117: 469-471 
    18. Kligman EW, Pepin E. Prescribing physical activity for older patients, Geriatrics 1992; 47: 33-47 
    19. Arden NK, Spector TD. Genetic influences on muscle strength, lean body mass, and bone mineral density : a twin study. J Bone Miner Res 1997; 12: 2076-2081 
    20. Kim CG. Effects of exercise program on physical fitness, self-efficacy, instrumental activities of daily living and quality of life among the institutionalized elderly. J Catholic Medical College 1995; 48: 1201-1214 (Korean) 
    21. Kauffman TL. Strength training effect in young and aged women. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1985; 66: 223-226 
    22. Murray MP, Duthie EH Jr, Gambert SR, Sepic SB, Mallinger LA. Age-related differences in knee muscle strength in normal women. J Gerontol 1985; 40: 275-280 
    23. Lee SH. Leisure time physical activity among koreans and its relation to health risk factors. [dissertation]. Seoul: Korean National Univ of Phys Edu. 1997 (Korean) 
    24. Keller M, Leventhal H, Leventhal E. Research on the Health Problems of Aging and How People Cope with Them. University of Wisconsin, 1991 
    25. Irving JB, Kusumi F, Bruce RA. Longitudinal variations in maximal oxygen consumption in healthy men. Clin Cardiol 1980; 3: 134-136 
    26. Kim JH. The effect of weight training on heart rate, blood lactate concentration, muscle strength and muscle endurance in elderly men. [dissertation]. Seoul: Korean National Univ of Phys Edu, 1996 (Korean) 
    27. Stephens T, Jacobs DR, White CC. A descriptive epidemiology of leisure-time physical activity. Public Health Rep 1985; 100: 147-158 
    28. Katz S, Ford AB, Moskowitz RW, Jaffe MW. Studies of illness in the aged. The index of ADL: A standardize measure of biological and psychosocial function. JAMA 1963; 185: 914-919 
    29. Ostir GV, Carlson JE, Black SA, Rudkin L, Goodwin JS, Markides KS. Disability in older adults 1 : Prevalence, causes and consequences. Behav Med 1999; 24: 147-156 
    30. Shephard RJ. Exercise and aging: extending independence in older adult, Geriatrics 1993; 48: 61-64 
    31. 서울대학교 체육연구소. 운동으로 활기찬 여생을 -노인편-. 국민생활 체육협의회, 1993 
    32. Choi SH. The effect of exercise program on health of the elderly in senior citizen's center. [dissertation]. Seoul: Hanyang Univ, 1996 (Korean) 
    33. Fisher NM, Pendergast DR, Calkins E, Maximal isometric torque of knee extension as a function of muscle length in subjects of advancing age. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1990; 71: 729-734 
    34. Shin JS. The effects of the range on motion exercise on self-care activities and depression. [dissertation]. Seoul: Yonsei Univ, 1985 (Korean) 
    35. 김주희, 양경희, 안수연, 서문숙, 정주연, 정명실, 최선하. 노인간호학. 서울: 현문사. 1998 
    36. Frontera WR, Meredith CN, O' Reilly KP, Knuttgen HG, Evans WJ. Strength conditioning in older men: skeletal muscle hypertropy and improved function. J Appl Physiol 1988; 64: 1038-1044 
    37. Seo HL. The study on self-care status, activity of daily living and physical self-efficacy of aged people. [dissertation]. Pusan: Pusan National Univ, 1985 (Korean) 
    38. Saltin B, Gollnick P. Skeletal muscle. In: Peachy LD ed, Handbook of Physiology. Oxford University Press, 1983: 555-563 
    39. Schuit AJ, Schouten EG, Westerterp KR, Saris WHM. Validity of the physical activity scale for the elderly (PASE): According to energy expenditure assessed by the doubly labeled water method. J Clin Epidemiol 1997; 50: 541-546 
    40. Washburn RA, McAuley E, Katula J, Mihalko SL, Boileau RA. The physical activity scale for the elderly (PASE): Evidence for validity. J Clin Epidemiol 1999; 52: 643-651 
    41. Kim HJ. An effect of muscle srength training program on muscle strength, muscle endurance, instrumental activities of daily living and quality of life in the institutionalized elderly. [dissertation]. Seoul: Seoul National Univ of Phys Edu, 1994 (Korean) 
    42. Shock NW. The physiology of aging. Sci Am 1962; 206: 100 
    43. Forbes EJ. Exercise: Wellness maintenance for the elderly client. Holistic Nurs Pract 1992; 6: 14-22 
    44. Brill PA, Probst JC, Greenbouse DL, Schell B, Macera CA. Clinical feasibility of a free-weight strength-training program for older adults. J Am Board Fam Pract 1998; 11: 445-451 
    45. Borges O. Isometric and isokinectic knee extension and flexion torque in men and women aged 20-70. Scand J Rehabil Med 1989; 21: 45-53 
    46. Dastoor DP, Norton S, Boillat J, Minty J, Papadopoulou F, Muller HF. A psychogeriatric assessment program. I. Social functioning and ward behavior. J Am Geriatr Soc 1975; 23: 465-471 
    47. 한국통계 연감. 통계청. 제45호. 1998 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

    1. Sung, Ki-Wol 2011. "Relationship of Daily Activity and Biochemical Variables in the Elderly with Diabetes Mellitus" Journal of Korean academy of nursing = 대한간호학회지, 41(2): 182~190     
    2. Song, Hae-Ryong ; Kim, Chan-Won ; Kim, Won-Je 2012. "Relationship among Life Meaning, Optimism and Happiness in Elderly Women Participants of Physical Activity" 한국콘텐츠학회논문지 = The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 12(4): 304~314     
    3. Kil, Eun-Kyung ; Yang, Jeong-Ok 2012. "Effects of Indoor and Outdoor Exercise Environments on Bone Mineral Density and Body Composition in Old Women" 생명과학회지 = Journal of life science, 22(8): 1085~1091     

 저자의 다른 논문

  • Kim, Hyun-Sook (14)

    1. 2000 "점진적 근력 운동이 노인의 활동에 미치는 효과" 한국전문물리치료학회지 = Physical Therapy Korea 7 (3): 19~33    
    2. 2001 "운동 프로그램이 양로원 노인의 체력과 일상활동 수행능력에 미치는 영향" 한국전문물리치료학회지 = Physical Therapy Korea 8 (3): 53~61    
    3. 2002 "넘어진 노인과 넘어지지 않는 노인의 균형과 보행비교" 한국전문물리치료학회지 = Physical Therapy Korea 9 (1): 1~15    
    4. 2003 "흰 쥐의 선상 절개 창상모델에서 저출력 레이저 자극이 조직 염증반응에 미치는 영향" 한국전문물리치료학회지 = Physical Therapy Korea 10 (2): 61~70    
    5. 2006 "노인의 신체활동이 혈중지질에 미치는 영향" 대한물리치료사학회지 = The journal of Korean academy of physical therapist 13 (3): 7~14    
    6. 2006 "노인의 신체활동 증가가 건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향" 대한물리치료사학회지 = The journal of Korean academy of physical therapist 13 (3): 55~64    
    7. 2009 "가방의 형태와 무게가 신체정렬에 미치는 영향" 대한물리치료과학회지 = Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science 16 (2): 11~17    
    8. 2009 "성인 남.여의 보행속도와 하지 근육의 긴장도 비교 연구" 대한물리치료과학회지 = Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science 16 (2): 39~44    
    9. 2010 "어깨관절의 수동적 내회전 관절 가동범위의 측정 방법에 따른 신뢰도와 상완골두의 전방 활주 거리 비교" 한국전문물리치료학회지 = Physical Therapy Korea 17 (3): 1~10    
    10. 2011 "일어서기 동작 시 시상면 골반 기울임이 엉덩관절과 무릎관절의 운동형상학에 미치는 영향" 한국전문물리치료학회지 = Physical Therapy Korea 18 (3): 26~37    
  • 정치경 (5)

  • 이강숙 (49)

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • NDSL :
  • 대한예방의학회 : 저널
유료다운로드
  • 원문이 없습니다.

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기