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Observation of Juvenile Southern Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus maccoyi C.) School Response to the Approaching Vessel Using Scanning Sonar

Lee Yoo-Won    (Department of Marine Production System Engineering, Pukyong National University   ); Miyashita Kazushi    (Laboratory of Training Ship, Faculty of Fisheries, Hokkaido University   ); Nishida Tsutomu    (National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries   ); Harada Sei-Ichiro    (Japan Marine Fishery Resources Research Center   ); Mukai Tohru    (Laboratory of Marine Environment and Resource Sensing, Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University   ); Iida Kohji    (Laboratory of Marine Environment and Resource Sensing, Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University  );
  • 초록

    The aim of this study was to obtain the basic data on the fish school behavior change to approaching vessel and fish species identification by means of their swimming speed. The surveys were carried out for the juvenile southern blue fin tuna and other fish schools off Esperance, western Australia from January to March 1999. We observed changes of fish school behavior in response to the approaching vessel using 360-degree scanning sonar. The results showed that, a horizontal direction index used to quantify a change of fish school behavior did not identify dependence of a radial distance and a swimming speed. A Mann­Whitney test conducted using the horizontal swimming speed of both species identified by sonar specialists, did not reveal a significant difference.


  • 주제어

    Scanning sonar .   Avoidance behavior .   Fish species identification .   Juvenile southern bluefin tuna.  

  • 참고문헌 (18)

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    2. Fr$\'{e}$on, P., F. Gerlotto and M. Soria. 1993a. Variability of Harenguta spp. school reactions to boats or predators in shallow water. ICES Mar. Sci. Symp., 196, 30-35 
    3. Fr$\'{e}$on, P., F. Gerlotto and O.A. Misund. 1993b. Consequences of fish behaviour for stock assessment. ICES Mar. Sci. Symp., 196, 190-195 
    4. Hafsteinsson, M.T. and O.A. Misund. 1995. Recording the migration behaviour of fish schools by multi-beam sonar during conventional acoustic surveys. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 52, 915-924 
    5. He, P. 1993. Swimming speeds of marine fish in relation to fishing gears. ICES Mar. Sci. Symp., 196, 183-189 
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    7. Misund, O.A. 1993. Avoidance behaviour of herring (Qupea harengus) and mackerel (Scomber scombrus) in purse seine capture situations. Fisheries Res., 16, 179-194 
    8. Misund, O.A., A. Aglen, S.$\phi$. Johanessen, D. Skagen and B. Totland. 1993. Assessing the reliability of fish density estimate, by monitoring the swimming behaviour of fish schools during acoustic surveys. ICES Mar. Sci. Symp., 196, 202-206 
    9. Mitson, R.B. 1993. Underwater noise radiated by research vessels. :CES Mar. Sci. Symp., 196, 147-152 
    10. Miyashita, K. and T. Nishida. 1999. In situ TS measurements of live juvenile southern bluefin tuna Thunnus maccoyii using the cage method. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Fish. Oceanogr., 63, 8-13 (in Japanese) 
    11. Olsen, K. 1990. Fish behaviour and acoustic sampling. Rapp. P.-v. R$\'{e}$un. Cons. int. Explor. Mer., 189, 147-158 
    12. Olsen, K., J. Angell, F. Pettersen and A. L$\phi$vik. 1983. Observed fsh reactions to a surveying vessel with special reference to herring, cod, capelin and polar cod. FAO Fish. Rep.,300, 131-138 
    13. Ona, E. and R. Toresen. 1988. Avoidance reactions of herring to a survey vessel, studied by scanning sonar. ICES CM/ H, 46 
    14. Ona, E. and O.R. God$\phi$. 1990. Fish reaction to trawling noise: The significance for trawl sampling. Rapp. P.-v. R$\'{e}$un. Cons. int. Explor. Mer., 189, 159-166 
    15. Robins, J.P. 1963. Synopsis of biological data on bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus maccoyii (Castelnau)). FAO Fishe ries Rep., 6, 562-587 
    16. Traynor, J.J., N.J. Williamson and W.A. Karp. 1990. A consideration of the accuracy and precision of fish-abun-dance estimates derived from echo-integration surveys. Rapp. P.-v. R$\'{e}$un. Cons. int. Explor. Mer., 189, 101-111 
    17. Walters, V. and H.L. Fierstine. 1966. Measurements of swimming speeds of yellowfin tuna and wahoo. Nature, 202, 208-209 
    18. Yabe, H., S. Ueyanagi and H. Watanabe. 1966. Studies on the early life history of bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) and on the larva of the southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii). Report of Nankai Regional Fisheries Research Lab., 23, 95-129 (in Japanese) 

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