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어린이보호용좌석 효과의 실험적 연구
Experiments of CRS for Safety Improvement

이재완   (교통안전공단 자동차성능시험연구소CC0187084  ); 박형원   (교통안전공단 자동차성능시험연구소CC0187084  ); 윤경한   (교통안전공단 자동차성능시험연구소CC0187084  ); 박경진   (한양대학교 공학대학UU0001519  );
  • 초록

    The child restraint system is blown to be excellent to reduce child occupant injury in frontal collisions. The effects of the child restraint system are experimently investigated according to FMVSS 213. A sled simulator is utilized with varying restraint types such as 2point, 3point seat belts, forward-facing types and booster types of child restraint systems. The head and chest injuries for various cases are evaluated based on industrial standards. Also, the maximum displacements of the head and the knees are measured by film analysis. Using the results of the test, the effects of the child restraint system is discussed and reduction of child occupant injury is pursued.


  • 주제어

    가슴상해치 .   머리상해치 .   어린이보호용좌석 .   유럽경제위원회 법규번호 44 .   미국연방자동차안전기준 213.  

  • 참고문헌 (20)

    1. Child Restraint Systems , Korea Agency for Technology and Standards , Korea Agency for Technology and Standards Notice No.2001-376 / v.,pp.,
    2. NHTSA , Are You Using It Right? - Child Restraint Systems / v.,pp.,
    3. G.Carlsson;J.Holmgren;S.Nilsson;H.Norin , Volvo/TNO European Workshop on Child Safety in Passenger Cars / v.,pp.,
    4. S.K.Hwang;K.H.Yoon;Y.H.Yoon , Research Report for Child and Pedestrian / v.,pp.,
    5. Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of Restraining Devices for Child Restraints of Power-Driven Vehicles, 03 Series , ECE , ECE, Regulation No.44 / v.,pp.,
    6. A Study of Child Safety on VariousChild Restraint Systems , H.W.Park;Y.H.Youn;J.W.Lee;K.H.Yoon;Y.T.Choi , 2002 KSAE Spring Conference Proceeding / v.2,pp.618-623,
    7. J.A.Pike , Automotive Safety : Anatomy Injury, Testing and Regulation / v.,pp.,
    8. Injuries to Children in automobiles in Relation to Seating Location and Restraing Use , A.F.Willians;P.Zador , Accident Analysis and Prevention / v.,pp.9;69-76,
    9. Trends and Effects of Child Restraint Systems Based on Volvo's Swedish Accident Database , I.Isaksson Hellman;L.Jakobsson;C.Gustafsson;H.Norin , SAE 973299 / v.,pp.43-54,
    10. An Evaluation of Child Passenger Safety : The Effectiveness and Benefits of Safety Seats , C.J.Kahane , DOT Report HS 806890, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Department of Transportation / v.,pp.,
    11. Types of Child Safety Seats , NHTSA , DOT HS 809 230 / v.,pp.,
    12. Risk of Death Among Child Passengers in Front and Rear Seating Positions , R.B.Elisa;R.Whitfield;A.F.Susin , SAE 973298 / v.,pp.25-31,
    13. NHTSA , Increasing Booster Seat Use for 4-to-8-Year Old Children / v.,pp.,
    14. Children in car Crashes : Analysis of Data for Injury and Use of Restraints , C.Johnston;F.Rivara;R.Soderberg , Pediatics / v.93,pp.960-965,
    15. Rear Facing Child Seats-The Safety Car Restraint for Children , G.Garlsson;H.Norin;L.Ysander , Proc. 33rd AAAM Conference / v.,pp.,
    16. Infants and Children in the Adult World of automobile Considerations for Design of Child Restraints , A.R.Burdi;D.F.Huelke;R.G.Snyder;G.H.Lowrey , Journal Biomechanics / v.2,pp.267-280,
    17. Child Restraint System , 49CFR, Part 571, FMVSS 213, DOT, NHTSA / v.,pp.,
    18. A Protective Seat for Children Experiments with a Safety Seat for Children between One and Six , B.Aldman , Proc. 8th Stapp Car Crash Conference / v.,pp.320-328,
    19. S.C.Partyka , Lives Saved by Child Restraints from 1982-1987 / v.,pp.,
    20. Comparison of Motor Vehicle Occupant Injuries in Restrained and Unrestrained 4-14 Year Olds , P.Agran;D.Castillo;D.Winn , Accident Analysis and Prevention / v.24,pp.349-355,
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

    1. Park, Dong-Woon ; Yoo, Wan-Suk 2009. "A study on the design of a child seat system with mutipoint restraints to enhance safety" Journal of mechanical science and technology, 23(12): 3316~3322     

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  • 윤경한 (5)

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