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APPLICATION OF IT TO REDUCE FLOOD DAMAGE DURING HEAVY RAINFALL DISASTER IN JAPAN

Kang, Sang-Hyeok   (Disaster Prevention, Samcheok National UniversityUU0000658  ); Motoyuki ushiyama, Motoyuki-Ushiyama   (Disaster Control Research Center, Tohoku UniversityUU0014129  );
  • 초록

    The rainfall observation systems have largely been improved in Japan. The Japan Meteorological Agency, prefecture governments, and other administrative bodies have also increased the number of rain gauges thru out the country. The density of observatories is now one per several $\km^2$ . Heavy rainfall information systems have been improved. Besides it, the Internet was popularized in the late 1990s, and has been used to transmit data of heavy rainfall. Internet accessible cellular phones have been popular in Japan since 1999. Such phones are expected to be useful in the field of disaster warning announcements, because they can automatically notify users bye-mail of pending disasters. The use of the Internet during natural disasters is groundbreaking in Japan today. However, in order to use disaster information effectively on Internet it is necessary to investigate how to use the information during the rainfall disaster. Therefore in our study we suggest methods on the effective construction and their use of information technology on Internet.


  • 주제어

    heavy rainfall disaster information .   Internet .   disaster warning .   cellular phones.  

  • 참고문헌 (8)

    1. Ushiyama, M. (1999) A survey of understanding about precipitation information, Proceedings of First Annual Meeting of Japan Society for Disaster Information, October 1999, p. 143-146 (in Japanese) 
    2. Nakamura, I. (2001) Geayo Earthquake and problems in communication media, Proceedings of Third Annual Meeting of Japan Society for Disaster Information, November 2001, p. 72-78 (in Japanese) 
    3. Oikawa Y. et al., (2001). 'The characteristics on inhabitants cognition involving heavy-rainfall hazard in small mountainous river basins', Annual Journal of hydraulic Engineering, JSCE, Vol. 45, pp. 43-48(in Japanese) 
    4. Sorensen, J., H. (2000). 'Hazard warning system: Review of 20 years of prgress', 'Natural Hazards Review, Vol.1, No.2, 119-125 
    5. Hydrology Study Group, Ministry of Construction(1996), Hydrological Observation, Japan Construction Engineer's Association, pp. 12 
    6. Internet Association (Ed.) (2001). Internet White Paper 2001, Impress Inc., pp.32-37 (in Japanese) 
    7. Inoue, K., Ushiyama, M., shigaki, T., Toda, K. and Kuriyama, K. (2001), 'On Heavy Rainfall Disaster in Tokai District in September 2000', Annuals of the Disaster Prevention Research Institute Kyoto University, No.44 B-2, 277-287 
    8. Asada J. et al., (2001). 'A study on the providing the information to make inhabitants understand the refuge information at the time of a flood'. Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, JSCE, Vol. 45, pp. 37-42(in Japanese) 

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