APPLICATION OF IT TO REDUCE FLOOD DAMAGE DURING HEAVY RAINFALL DISASTER IN JAPAN
The rainfall observation systems have largely been improved in Japan. The Japan Meteorological Agency, prefecture governments, and other administrative bodies have also increased the number of rain gauges thru out the country. The density of observatories is now one per several $\km^2$ . Heavy rainfall information systems have been improved. Besides it, the Internet was popularized in the late 1990s, and has been used to transmit data of heavy rainfall. Internet accessible cellular phones have been popular in Japan since 1999. Such phones are expected to be useful in the field of disaster warning announcements, because they can automatically notify users bye-mail of pending disasters. The use of the Internet during natural disasters is groundbreaking in Japan today. However, in order to use disaster information effectively on Internet it is necessary to investigate how to use the information during the rainfall disaster. Therefore in our study we suggest methods on the effective construction and their use of information technology on Internet.
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