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Bacillus속이 생산하는 Cyclodextrin Glucanotransferase에 의한 Stevioside로의 당전이반응
Transglucosylation to Stevioside by Cyclodextrin Glucanotransferase from Bacillus sp.

천성숙   (영남대학교 식품가공학과UU0000951  ); 조영제   (상주대학교 식품공학과UU0000665  );
  • 초록

    Cyclodextrin glucanotransferase(CGTase)를 생성하는 Bacillus sp. 균주를 토양으로부터 분리하였으며, CGTase 생성을 위하여 0.1% albumin, 2% $NH_4Cl$ , 2% soluble starch, 0.2% $NH_2PO_4$ 를 효소생산배지에 첨가하여 $37^{\circ}C$ 에서 72시간 배양 시 최대의 활성을 나타내었다. Sephadex G-100과 G-150을 사용한 gel filtration과 DEAE-cellulose를 이용한 이온 교환 크로마토그래피로 9.72배 정제하였으며, specific activity는 528.02 unit/mg이었다. CGTase의 효소학적 특성은 최적 pH, 최적 온도는 pH 8.0과 $80^{\circ}C$ 였으며, pH $8.0{\sim}11.0$ 과 $60{\sim}80^{\circ}C$ 에서 안정하였다. 금속이온 중 $Pb^{2+},\;Hg^{2+}$ 와 $Zn^{2+}$ 에서 효소활성이 억제되었다. CGTase의 첨가 효소량을 $20.5{\sim}410$ unit 까지 변화시키며 stevioside로의 당전이능을 조사한 결과 20.5 unit 및 41 unit 처리 시 당전이율은 74.9%와 75,7%로 높게 나타났으며, 205 unit 처리시에는 당전이율은 68.7%로 비슷하였으나 갈변화가 진행되었다. 효소의 농도를 높여 410 unit를 처리했을 때 당전이율은 57.9%로 더욱 떨어졌으며 역시 갈변화가 진행되어 제품의 물성을 나쁘게 하였고, 당전이 산물 중 pentaglycoside와 hexaglycoside가 검출되지 않아 필요이상의 효소사용량은 오히려 당전이 반응에 역효과가 나타났다.


    Cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) of Bacillus sp. isolated from soil was purified and its enzymological characteristics were investigated. It was found that the production of CGTase reached to the maximum when the strain was cultured in the broth containing 0.1 % albumin, 2% $NH_4Cl$ , 2% soluble starch and 0.2% $NH_2PO_4$ for 72 hrs at $37^{\circ}C$ . The purity of CGTase was increased by 9.7 folds through purification procedures by the following column chromatography DEAE-cellulose ion exchange chromatography and Sephadex G-100, G-150 gel filtration and its specific activity was 528.0 unit/mg. The optimum pH and temperature for the CGTase activity were 8.0 and $80^{\circ}C$ , respectively. The enzyme was stable in pH $8.0{\sim}11.0$ at $60{\sim}80^{\circ}C$ . The activity of purified enzyme was inhibited by $Pb^{2+},\;Hg^{2+}$ and $Zn^{2+}$ . When CGTase was treated with each 20.5 unit, 41 unit, 205 unit and 410 unit to investigate the transglucosylation to stevioside by purified cyclodextrin glucanotransferase, transglucosylation rate to stevioside was 74.9%, 75.7%, 68.7% and 57.9%. Brown effect was observed above the concentration amounting to 205 unit of our CGTase.


  • 주제어

    Bacillus속 .   당전이.  

  • 참고문헌 (36)

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