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한국환경농학회지 = Korean journal of environmental agriculture v.23 no.4, 2004년, pp.234 - 239   피인용횟수: 2
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갈대 및 부들 습지셀의 연못시스템 방류수 질소제거 비교
Comparison of Nitrogen Removal Between Reed and Cattail Wetland Cells in a Treatment Pond System

양홍모   (전남대학교 조경학과UU0001112  );
  • 초록

    [ $NO_3$ ]-N and T-N removal rates of cattail wetland cells were compared with those of reed wetland cells. The examined cells were a part of a pond-wetland system composed of two ponds in series and six wetland cells in parallel. Each wetland cell was 25m in length and 6m in width. Cattails (Typha angustifolia) were transplanted into three cells and reeds Phragmites australis) into another three ones in June 2000. Water of Sinyang stream flowing into Kohung Estuarine lake located in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula was pumped into the primary pond, its effluent was discharged into the secondary pond Effluent from the secondary pond was funneled into each cell. Two cattail and reed cells were chosen for this research. Water quantity and quality of influnt and effluent were analyzed front May 2001 through October 2001. The volume of influent and effluent of the cells averaged about $20.0\;m^3/day$ and $19.3\;m^3/day$ , respectively. Hydraulic retention time was approximately 1.5 days. Influent $NO_3$ -N concentration for the four cells averaged 2.39 mg/L. Effluent $NO_3$ -N concentration far the cattail and reed cells averaged 1.74 and 1.78 mg/L, respectively. Average $NO_3$ -N retention rate for the cattail and reed cells by mass was 30 and 29%, respectively. Influent T-N concentration far the four cells averaged 4.13 mg/L. Effluent T-N concentration for the cattail and reed cells averaged 2.55 and 2.61 mgL respectively. Average T-N retention rate for the cattail and reed cells by mass was 39 and 38%, respectively. $NO_3$ -N and T-N concentrations in effluent from the cattail cells were significantly low (p=0.04), compared with those from the reed cells. Cattail wetland cells were more efficient for $NO_3$ -N and T-N abatement than reed ones.


  • 주제어

    surface flow wetlands .   nitrification .   denitrification .   rhizomes .   pond system.  

  • 참고문헌 (15)

    1. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) (1999) free Technology Assessment, p. 1-1 - 1-13 
    2. Kadlec, R. R and Knight, R. L. (1996) Treatment Wetlands, CRC Press, Inc, Boca Raton 
    3. EPA. (U.S. Environmintal Protection Agpncy) (2000) Manual: Constmcted Wetlands Treatment of Municipal Wastewaters, Office of Research and Development, Cincinnati, Ohio, P.1-29 
    4. Reed, S. C, Middlebrooks, E. J. and Cntes, R W. (1988) Natural Systems for Waste Mamgenment and Treatment, McGraw-Hill, New York 
    5. Yang, R M. (2003) Nitrate removal rate of free-water-surface treatment wetland system constructed on floodplain during its initial operating stage, J. Korean Env. Res. & Reveg. Tech. 6(6), 41-48     
    6. Spiels, D. J. and Mitsch, W. J. (2000) The effects of seasons and hydrologic and chemical loading on nitrate retention in constructed wetlands : a comparison of low-and high-nutrient riverine systems, Eco. Eng. 14, 77-91 
    7. Korean Ministry of Enviromnent (2000) Standard method for water and wastewater analysis 
    8. APHA (American Public Health Association) (1998)Standard method for the examination of water andwastewater. 
    9. Bachand, P. A. M and Home, A. J. (2000) Denitnficationin constructed free-water surface wetlands I: very high nitrate removal rates in a macrocosm study, Ecol Eng. 14, 9-15 
    10. Faulker, S. P. and Richardson, C J. (1989) Physical and chemical characteristics of freshwater wetland soils in Hammer, D. A. (ed.), Constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment: municipal, industrial and agrictdtural, Lewis Publishers, Inc., Chelsea, Michigan, p.41-72 
    11. Broadbent, F. E. and Clark, F. E. (1965) Denitrification. Ayronomy 10 : 344 
    12. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Aggncy) (1993) Manual - Nitrogen control. Office of Research and Development, Washington, D.C 
    13. Zhu, T. and Sikora, F. J. (1994) Ammonium and nitrate removal in vegetated and unvegetated gravel bed microcosm wetlands in Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control, Guangzhou, China, P.355-366 
    14. EPA (U.S. Environrrental Protection Agency) (2000) Manual: Constructed Wettands Treatment of Municipal Wastewaters, Office of Research and Development, Cincinnati, Ohio, P.30-48 
    15. Yang, H. M. (2002) Preliminary nitrogen removal rates in close-to-nature constructed stream water treatment wetland, Kor. J. Environ. Agric. 21(4), 269-273     
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

    1. Son, Jin-Kwan ; Kang, Bang-Hun ; Kim, Nam-Choon 2010. "The Analysis of Water and Soil Environment at Farm Pond Depression" 環境復元綠化 = Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology, 13(3): 46~62     
    2. Hong, Mun-Gi ; Kim, Jae-Geun 2011. "Comparative analysis of cutting efficiency using culms of reed with genetic, environmental and methodological differences" 한국습지학회지 = Journal of wetlands research, 13(3): 603~611     

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