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폐경 전 . 후 중년 여성들의 골밀도에 영향을 미치는 요인
Factors Affecting Bone Mineral Density in Korean Women by Menopause

나혜복   (서울여자대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과UU0000719  );
  • 초록

    Bone mineral density (BMD) focus one's attention on prevention effects of osteoporosis. This study was conducted to investigate BMD (lumbar spin : L2- L4, femur neck : m, femur trochanter TR, femur ward's triangle : WT, wrist) and look into the factors that affect BMD by menopause in 89 nonsmoking healthy Korean women (40-60 yr). Anthropometric index and body composition, nutrient intakes, osteocalcin and total protein, albumin, total cholesterol, triacylglycerol and calcium in serum were determined. Body fat mass, diastolic blood pressure and serum cholesterol concentration of postmenopausal women were significantly higher than those of premenopausal women. FN, TR, WT, wrist BMD of postmenopausal women were not different from those of premenopausal women. However L2- L4 BMD of postmenopausal women was lower than that of premenopausal women. Significant positive correlations were found between L2-L4, FN, TR, WT and weight (r = 0.44, r = 0.64, r = 0.58, r = 0.57) and significant positive correlations were found between FN, TR, WT and BMI (r =: 0.54, r = 0.41, r = 0.54) of premenopausal women. Whereas significant positive correlation was only found between TR BMD and weight. BMI (r = 0.38, r = 0.29) of postmenopausal women. FN BMD and WC (waist circumstance) of premenopausal women were found significant positive correlation (r = 0.35) whereas L2-L4 BMD and WC of postmenopausal women was found significant negative correlation (r = -0.31) . In premenopausal women. differences of bone BMD were not shown by exercise and alcohol drinking, but in postmenopausal women, significant difference of FN BMD was shown by exercise and alcohol drinking. These results suggested that by menopause, effects of weight, BMI, WC, exercise and alcohol drinking on bone BMD were different. Therefore, by menopause, we should consider the different ways to increase the bone BMD according to different factors.


  • 주제어

    BMD .   premenopausal women .   postmenopausal women .   exercise.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (5)

    1. Kim, Myung-Suk ; Koo, Jae-Ok 2007. "Analysis of Factors Affecting Bone Mineral Density with Different Age among Adult Women in Seoul Area" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 12(5): 559~568     
    2. Kim, Myung-Suk ; Koo, Jae-Ok 2008. "Comparative Analysis of Food Habits and Bone Density Risk Factors between Normal and Risk Women Living in the Seoul Area" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 13(1): 125~133     
    3. Koo, Jae-Ok ; Park, Seo-Yun 2010. "Analysis of BMI Menopose, Blood Pressure and Dietary Habits Affecting Born Mineral Density of 30~60 Years Women" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 15(3): 403~414     
    4. Jeong, Hye-Ryeon ; Yun, Sun-Ju ; Kim, Mi-Hyun 2010. "Evaluation of Food and Nutrient Intake by Food Frequency Questionnaire between Normal and Risk Groups according to the Bone Mineral Density of Female College Students Residing in Gangwon Area" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 15(4): 429~444     
    5. Koo, Jae Ok ; Kim, Myung Sook 2014. "Analysis of Bone Mineral Density, Biochemical Index and Nutrient Intakes of 30-70 Years Old Women -Based on 2011 KNHANES-" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 19(4): 328~341     

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