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환경생물 = Korean journal of environmental biology v.22 no.1, 2004년, pp.28 - 34   피인용횟수: 5

바지락, Ruditapes philippinarum의 먹이 섭취에 미치는 수온과 염분의 영향
Effects of Water Temperature and Salinity on Dietary Feeding of Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum)

김철원   (국립수산과학원 남해수산연구소 양식연구팀CC0187399  ); 고강희   (여수대학교 수산과학연구소UU0000929  );
  • 초록

    여름철 고수온기와 집중강우로 인하여 염분의 급격히 감소하는 시기에 바지락의 일간먹이밀도 감소량, 여수율, 소화율을 조사하였다. 실험결과 바지락은 수온과 염분에 의하여 일간먹이밀도 감소량, 여수율, 소화율이 영향을 받는 것으로 나타났다. 수온의 경우 소형그룹의 $27^{\circ}C$ 에서 각각 $5.8\times 10^4$ cells $ml^{-1}$ , 16.96 liter $hr^{-1} \; g^{-1}$ , $12.04\times 10^{7}$ cells $hr^{-1} \; g^{-1}$ 로 가장 높은값을 보였으며 대형그룹에서도 $27^{\circ}C$ 에서 각각 $15.60\times 10^4$ cells $ml^{-1}$ , 11.85 liter $hr^{-1} \; g^{-1}$ Cells $hr^{-1} \; g^{-1}$ 로 가장 높은 값을 보였다. 염분에 따른 소형그룹의 일간 먹이밀도 감소량, 여수율과 소화율은 12 $\textperthousand$ 에서 $0.10\times 10^4$ cells $ml^{-1}$ , 0.19 liter $hr^{-1} \; g^{-1}$ , $0.18\times 10^{7}$ cells $hr^{-1} \; g^{-1}$ 로 가장 낮은값을 보였으며 대형그룹에서도 12 $\textperthousand$ 에서 $0.45\times 10^4$ Cells $ml^{-1}$ , 0.24 liter $hr^{-1} \; g^{-1}$ , 0.71 ${\times}$ $10^{7}$ cells $hr^{-1} \; g^{-1}$ 로 가장 낮은값을 보였다. 본 실험결과 여름철 고수온과 저염분이 바지락의 대량폐사 원인으로 작용하며 안정적인 생산을 방해하는 요인임을 알수 있었다.


    The feeding, clearance rate, and ingestion rate of Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) were investigated with small group (10.8 $\pm$ .58 mm in shell length) and large group (37.5 $\pm$ 3.8 mm in shell length) under combination in water temperature (24, 27, 33, $36^{\circ}C$ ) With salinity (12, 15, 24, 27 $\textperthousand$ ). The maximum feeding, clearance rate, and ingestion rate in small and large groups were $27^{\circ}C$ and 27 $\textperthousand$ , respectively. While, The minimum feeding, clearance rate, and ingestion rate in both groups were $36^{\circ}C$ and 12 $\textperthousand$ , respectively. There results were suggested that the feeding, clearance rate, and ingestion rate of Manila clam were significantly influenced by external factors such as water temperature and salinity. The reason for the mass mortality of Manila clam during the heavy rainfall in summer season can be explained by high temperature and low salinity.


  • 주제어

    Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) .   feeding .   clearance rate .   ingestion rate.  

  • 참고문헌 (31)

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (5)

    1. Kim, Chul-Won ; Baek, Jae-Min ; Han, Seock-Jung 2008. "Effects of Water Temperature and Salinity on Dietary Feeding and Body Composition of Juvenile Jicon scallop, Chlamys farreri Transplanted from China" 환경생물 = Korean journal of environmental biology, 26(4): 323~329     
    2. Oh, Sung-Yong ; Kim, Chong-Kwan ; Jang, Yo-Soon ; Choi, Hee-Jung ; Myoung, Jung-Goo 2014. "Effect of Salinity on Survival, Oxygen Consumption and Blood Physiology of Korean Rockfish Sebastes schlegelii" Ocean and polar research, 36(2): 135~143     
    3. Kang, Joung Wook ; Lee, Seon Sik ; Han, Kyung Nam 2014. "Clearance rate and feeding according to water temperature and salinity condition in the surf clam, Mactra veneriformis" 한국패류학회지 = The Korean journal of malacology, 30(2): 101~106     
    4. Choi, Yong-Hyeon ; Choi, Yoon-Seok ; Cho, Yoon-Sik ; Kim, Young-Tae ; Jeon, Seung-Ryul 2016. "A Study on the Habitait Suitability Considering Survival, Growth, Environment for Ruditapes philippinarum in Geunso Bay (Pado and Beopsan)" 海洋環境安全學會誌 = Journal of the Korean society of marine environment & safety, 22(6): 723~730     
    5. Ahn, Hyun-Mi ; Ki, Hun-Jong ; Jeong, Hee-Do ; Lee, Hee-Jung ; Han, Hyung-Kyun ; Park, Kwang-Jae ; Song, Jae-Hee 2016. "Comparison of growth, condition index and mortality of manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) between originated from China (Liaoning Dandong) and Chungnam (Taean) in Gochang tidal flats" 한국패류학회지 = The Korean journal of malacology, 32(3): 175~184     

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