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광합성 섬모류 Mesodinium rubrum MR-MAL01의 응용성(1) 이매패류 종묘생산을 위한 먹이생물 유용성
Applicability of a Photosynthetic Ciliate, Mesodinium rubrum MR-MAL01 -Usefulness as a Live Prey Species for the Marine Aquaculture of Bivalves-

김형섭   (군산지방해양수산청CC0187504  ); 명금옥   (군산대학교 해양정보과학UU0000277  ); 조수근   (군산대학교 해양생명과학UU0000277  ); 이원호   (군산대학교 해양정보학과UU0000277  );
  • 초록

    최근, 곰소만에서 채집한 시료로부터 최초의 온대역산 광합성 섬모류 Mesodinium rubrum MR-MAL01 배양체를 분리ㆍ배양하였다. 이 섬모류를 이용하여 이매패류의 섭식실험을 수행한 결과, 비단가리비와 바지락과 같은 이매패류가 섬모류를 직접 섭식 하였음을 확인하였는데, 개체 당 최대 섭식률은 비단가리비 9,590 cells $min^{-1}$ , 바지락 23,200 cells $min^{-1}$ 으로 나타났다. 또한 비단가리비의 소화관에서 완전한 M. rubrum세포를 확인하지 못했으나, 파괴된 세포로 생각되는 작은 입자들을 관찰하였다. 바지락 치패에 섬모류인 M. rubrum과 미소조류인 Isochrysis galbana (KMCC H-2)를 공급하면서 28일 동안 사육한 결과, 작은 치패 그룹(각장 0.46 mm)에서는 I. galbana를 공급한 실험구가 좋은 성장을 보였던 반면, 큰 치패 그룹(각장 0.84 mm)에서는 M. rubrum을 공급한 실험구가 I. galbana를 공급한 실험구에 비해 성장이 좋았다. 따라서 이 광합성 섬모류는 이매패류의 치패 및 모패와 입이 작은 자어의 먹이생물, rotifer의 영양강화제 및 어류의 천연 착색제로도 활용할 수 있는 잠재력이 있어 해양 생물공학적 활용을 위한 생물재료로서 개발 가능성을 제안한다.


    In a series of feeding experiments using the newly established the first laboratory strain of a temperate photosynthetic ciliate, Mesodinium rubrum MR-MAL01, direct evidence was obtained for ingestion of the cultured M. rubrum cells by the bivalves like the Korean scallop, Chlamys farreri and Manila clam. Ruditapes phil-ippinarum. Each experimental Korean scallop and Manila clam removed up to 9,590 and 23,200 cells min-1, respectively. Small particles almost identical to the ruptured cells of MR-MAL01 culture were observed in the gut of the experimental bivalves, although no intact M. rubrum cell was found. In a 28 days rearing experiment, Isoshrysis galbana (KMCC H-2), a microalga, supported better growth of small Manila clam spat (0.46 mm in shell length) than MR-MAL01 strain. For the large Manila clam spat (0.84 mm in shell length), however. MR-MAL01 strain was a better prey item. Mass culture methods for this photosynthetic marine ciliate may be developed for use as live feed in aquaculture of the spat and broodstock of bivalve and small-mouthed fish larvae.


  • 주제어

    Photosynthetic ciliate .   Live prey .   Korean scallop .   Manila clam.  

  • 참고문헌 (40)

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