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韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition. v.37 no.3, 2004년, pp.210 - 222   피인용횟수: 15

노인의 영양섭취상태에 영향을 미치는 인구사회학적 요인 분석
Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Nutrients Intake of Elderly in Korea

임경숙   (수원대학교 식품영양학과UU0000815  ); 이태영   (수원대학교 식품영양학과UU0000815  );
  • 초록

    In recent years, the number and proportion of Korean elderly have grown rapidly, and elderly individuals show a disproportionate risk for poor nutritional status. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of sociodemographic background to nutrient intake of persons 65 years of age or older, living in 15 cities in Korea. Data on 1973 subjects (603 males, 1370 females), who participated in the Korean Elderly Nutrition Survey (2000), were analyzed. Their mean age was 72.3 years and their mean body mass index (BMI) was 24.2 kg/ $m^2$ . Basic sociodemographic data were obtained through personal interviews. The 98-item semi-food frequency questionnaire, developed and previously validated for Korean middle-aged and elderly subjects, was administered. “Percentage of subjects who consumed under 75% Korean RDA,” “number of nutrients consumed below 75% Korean RDA,” “mean nutrient adequacy ratio,” and “nutrient density” were used to determine nutritional status. Male elderly had better nutritional quality than female elderly. Nutritional quality decreased with age, especially in older elderly (over 75). Elderly who were underweight (BMI 〈 20 kg/ $m^2$ ) showed poorer nutritional quality than those who were normal weight (BMI 20∼25 kg/ $m^2$ ) and overweight (BMI $\geq$ 25 kg/ $m^2$ ). Elderly who lived alone had significantly poorer nutritional quality than those who lived with a spouse, and/or with children. Lower education level and economic dependence also showed lower nutritional quality. A stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed to examine the effects of specific sociodemographic factors on nutritional quality. For number of nutrients under 75% RDA as a dependent variable, education level explained 4.8% of the variance, followed by living status, age, body mass index, gender, and living expense support (Model $R^2$ = 0.0 0.091). For mean nutrient adequacy ratio as a dependent variable, model $R^2$ was 0.098. Therefore, sociodemographic variables such as gender, age, body mass index, living status, educational level, and economic status influenced elderly nutrition status. These results indicate that an elderly nutrition intervention should focus on subjects who are poorly educated, living alone, age 75 or older, and/or underweight.


  • 주제어

    elderly .   nutrient intake .   sociodemographic factor .   nutritional quality.  

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    1. Yang, Kyung-Mi 2008. "The Effects of Gastrodiae Rhizoma Powder on Plasma Lipid Profiles in the Elderly with Cardiovascular Disease" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 37(7): 858~868     
    2. Moon, Hyun-Kyung ; Choi, Soon-Ok ; Kim, Jung-Eun 2009. "Dishes Contributing to Sodium Intake of Elderly Living in Rural Areas" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 14(1): 123~136     
    3. Kwak, Chung-Shil ; Yon, Mi-Yong ; Lee, Mee-Sook ; Oh, Se-In ; Park, Sang-Chul 2010. "Anthropometric Index and Nutrient Intake in Korean Aged 50 Plus Years Living in Kugoksoondam Longevity-belt Region in Korea" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 15(3): 308~328     
    4. Yon, Mi-Yong ; Lee, Mee-Sook ; Oh, Se-In ; Park, Sang-Chul ; Kwak, Chung-Shil 2010. "Assessment of Food Consumption, Dietary Diversity and Dietary Pattern during the Summer in Middle Aged Adults and Older Adults Living in Gugoksoondam Logevity Area, Korea" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 15(4): 536~549     
    5. Song, Eun-Sook ; Kim, Eun-Jin ; Kim, Myung-Hee ; Choi, Mi-Kyeong 2011. "Comparative Study on Dietary Life and Nutrient Intakes of Elderly Persons at Nursing Home or Their Home in Chungnam" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 21(5): 649~660     
    6. Lee, Myung-Suk 2012. "Nutritional Risk, Perceived Health Status, and Depression of the Young-Old and the Old-Old in Low-Income Elderly Women" 農村醫學·地域保健 = Journal of agricultural medicine & community health, 37(1): 12~22     
    7. Kim, Eun Mi ; Choi, Mi-Kyung 2013. "An Analysis of Food Consumption Patterns of the Elderly from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES Ⅴ-1)" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 42(5): 818~827     
    8. Kim, Hee Kyung ; Chang, Hae Kyung ; Lee, Mi-Ra ; Son, Youn-Jung ; Han, Su Jeong ; Yang, Nam Young ; Yoo, Myoung-Ran ; Choi, Seon Young ; Kim, Youn Mi 2013. "Influence of Malnutrition and Social Network on Health-related Quality of Life in Elders" 기본간호학회지 = Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, 20(2): 98~107     
    9. Hyun, Hye Sun ; Lee, Insook 2014. "Nutritional Status and Risk Factors for Malnutrition in Low-income Urban Elders" Journal of Korean academy of nursing = 대한간호학회지, 44(6): 708~716     
    10. Lee, Sun-Ok ; Park, Kyung-Yeon ; Han, Mi-Jung 2015. "Comparing Nutrition Knowledge, Eating Habits, and Neonatal Health Status of Primipara for Pregnant Women of Advanced Maternal Age Compared to Those of Younger Ages" KJWHN : Korean journal of women health nursing, 21(4): 253~261     
    11. Park, Mi-Yeon ; Park, Jung-Young ; Park, Pil-Sook 2015. "Nutrition States and Related Factors of Female Elderly according to Residence" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 25(1): 39~48     
    12. Choi, Mi-Sook ; Kim, Dong-Ho ; Park, Hyo-Nam ; Kim, Seong-Su 2015. "A Study on the Eating Behaviors and Characteristics of Consumption Propensities on Dining out as Perceived by Silver Generation in Seoul" 한국조리학회지 = The Korean journal of culinary research, 21(1): 250~266     
    13. Lee, Yeon Joo ; Kwon, Min Kyung ; Baek, Hee Joon ; Lee, Sang Sun 2015. "Comparative analysis of food intake according to the family type of elderly women in Seoul area" Journal of nutrition and health, 48(3): 277~288     
    14. 2016. "" Culinary science & hospitality research = 한국조리학회지, 22(1): 52~60     
    15. Choi, Mi-Kyeong ; Kang, Myung-Hwa ; Kim, Mi-Hyun 2016. "Diet and Health Status of Elderly Women According to the Family Type" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 21(3): 256~264     

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