본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

금연 프로그램 참여자들의 장$\cdot$단기 금연 성공과 관련된 심리적 요인 탐색
Psychological Factors Associated with Short-tenn and Long-tenn Abstention Following a Smoking Cessation Program

서경현   (삼육대학교 보건복지대학원UU0000649  ); 이석민   (삼육대학교 물리치료학과UU0000649  );
  • 초록

    Objectives: This study aims to investigate the psychological factors associated with abstention following a smoking cessation program, and to suggest useful information for those who want to stop . smoking and health practitioners who help them Methods: Participants were 73 smokers (65 males, 8 females) that participated in a hospitalized smoking cessation program, whose mean age was 44.89 (SD=9.61). Participants completed questionnaires and psychological tests including: Demographic sheet, Eysenck's Personality Questionnaire, Multidimensional Coping Scale, Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, and Jerusalem and Schwarzer's Self-Efficacy Scale. To identify whether the subjects abstained or not and to encourage them to abstain, the researcher called them on the telephone once a week for three months. After three months, they were contacted every other week till six months passed since they had left the smoking cessation program Tthey were THEN contacted once a month for another six months. The data was analyzed by using ANCOVAs with SPSS 10.0 for Windows. Results: 42 (57.5%) out of 73 abstained for one month and 26 (35.6%) abstained for one year. People who failed to abstain within a month showed a higher psychoticism and introversion personality trait than those who abstained for one month, while people who abstained for one month were coping actively in most situations, showed a higher self-efficacy and lower nicotine dependence than those who failed to abstain within a month, and people who failed to abstain within a year showed a higher psychoticism than those who abstained for one year. While people who abstained for one year were coping actively, obstinate, and interpreting positively most situations, they showed a higher self-efficacy than those who failed to abstain within a year. Conclusion: These findings reiterate the roles of personality, self-esteem, nicotine dependence in smoking and suggest the roles for smoking cessation. And it was found the roles of coping styles ,in smoking cessation. It might help smokers who want to stop smoking and health practitioners who help them


  • 주제어

    Smoking .   Smoking Cessation .   Personality, Coping .   Nicotine Dependence .   Self-Efficacy.  

  • 참고문헌 (48)

    1. 전겸구, 김교헌, 조신웅, 노명래 손정락. 다차원적 대처 척도의 개발. 한국심리학회지 임상 1994;13:114-135 
    2. 한국갤럽. 2001년 흡연 실태. 한국갤럽, 2001 
    3. 한국금연운동협의회. 흡연과 건강. 한국금연운동협의회, 2000 
    4. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Washington D.C., 1994 
    5. Covey LS, Glassman AH, Stetner F. Depression and depressive symptoms in smoking cessation. Comparative Psychiatry 1999;31:350-354 
    6. Garcia ME, Schmitz JM. A fine-grained analysis of the role of self-efficacy in self-initiated attempts to quit smoking. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1990;58:317-322 
    7. Hughes JR et al. Smoking cessation among self-quitters. Health Psychology 1992;1:331-334 
    8. Hu S, Lanese R. The applicability of the theory of planned behavior to the intention to quit smoking across work places in southern Taiwan. Addictive Behaviors 1994;23:225-237 
    9. Hymowitz N, Cummings K, Hyland A, Pechacelk T, Hartwell T. Predictors of smoking cessation in a cohort of adult smokers followed for five years. Tobacco Control 1997;6:57-62 
    10. Pomerleau OF, Adkins D, Pertschuk M. Predictors of outcome and recidivism in smoking cessation treatment. Addictive Behaviors 1978;3:65-70 
    11. Richmond R, Austin A, Webster I. Predicting abstainers in a smoking cessation programme administered by general practitioners. International Journal of Epidemiology 1988;17:530-534 
    12. Swan GE, Ward MM, Jack LM, Javitz HS. Cardiovascular reactivity as a predictor of relapse in male and female smokers. Health Psychology 1993;12:451-458 
    13. Wasburton DM. Smoking within reason. Journal of Smoking-Related Disorders 1992;3:55-59 
    14. West R, McEwen A, Bates C. Sex and Smoking: comparisons between male and female smokers. No Smoking Day, 1999 
    15. Zuckerman M. Psychobiology of Personality. Cambridge University Press, 1991 
    16. 신성례. 흡연 청소년을 위한 자기효능감 증진 프로그램 개발과 효과에 관한 연구. 이화여자대학교 대학원 박사학위청구논문. 1997 
    17. World Health Organization. Tobacco or Health: A global status report. WHO Press, 1997 
    18. 송선희, 하은혜, 송동호. 성인 남성의 흡연과 관련된 심리사회적 변인: 종합병원 건강증진센터 내원자를 대상으로. 한국심리학회지: 건강 2002;7:447-467 
    19. Jorenby DE et al. Controlled trial of sustained-release bupropion, a nicotine patch, or both for smoking cessation. New England Journal of Medicine 1999;340:685-691 
    20. Brannon L, Feist J. Health psychology: An introduction to behavior and health. Belmont: Wordsworth, 2000 
    21. Orleans CT, Rotberg HL, Quade D, & Lees PA. hospital quit-smoking consult service: clinical report and intervention guidelines. Preventive Medicine 1990;19:198-212 
    22. Bass C. Personality correlates of smoking behaviour in man with heart disease. Personality and Individual Differences 1988;9:397-400 
    23. Gross J, Stitzer ML. Nicotine replacement: Ten-week effects on tobacco withdrawal symptoms. Psychophamarcology 1989;98:334-965 
    24. Pritchard WS, Kay DLC. Personality and smoking motivation of U.S. smokers as measured by the state-trait personality inventory, the EPQ, and Spielberger's smoking motivation questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences 1993;14:629-637 
    25. Mothersill KJ, McDowell I, Rosser W. Subject characteristics and longterm post programme smoking cessation. Addictive Behavior 1988;13:29-36 
    26. Pritchard WS. The link between smoking and Personality: A serotonergic hypothesis. Personality and Individual Differences 1991;12:1187-1204 
    27. Sussman S, Dent CW, Burton D, Stacy A, Flay BR. Developing school-based tobacco use prevention and cessation program. Sage, 1995 
    28. 서경현, 이경순. 금연프로그램 참여 후의 금연 경험. 한국심리학회지: 건강 2002;7:63-79 
    29. 연미영. 정신병적 경향성과 흡연 행동의 관계. 한국심리학회지: 건강 1996;1:151-158 
    30. Edwards JA, Warburton DM. Smoking, Nicotine, and Electrodermal Activity. Pharmacology Therapy 1983;19:147-164 
    31. Shadel WG, Mermelstein RJ. Cigarette smoking under stress: the role of coping expectancies among smokers in a clinic-based smoking cessation program. Health Psychology 1993;12:443-450 
    32. 이현수. 아이젱크 성격검사 요강. 학지사. 1997 
    33. Richmond R, Kehoe L, Webster I. Multivariate models for predicting abstention following intervention to stop smoking by general practitioners. Addiction 1993;88:1127-1135 
    34. Eysenck HJ. The Causes and Effects of Smoking. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1980 
    35. Fagerstrom KO. Towards better diagnoses and more individual treatment of tobacco dependence. British Journal of Medicine 1991;12:159-182 
    36. Golding JF, Harpur T. & Brent-Smith, H. Personality, drinking, and drug taking correlates of cigarette smoking. Personality and Individual Differences 1983;4:703-706 
    37. Stanaway RG, Watson DW. Smoking and personality: A factorial study. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 1981;20:213-214 
    38. Bandura A. Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986 
    39. Rohren C et al. Predicting smoking cessation outcome in a medical center from readiness: contemplation versus action. Preventive Medicine 1994;23:335-344 
    40. Hughes JR, Gust SW, Pechacek TF. Prevalence of tobacco dependence and withdrawal, American Journal of Psychiatry 1987;144:205-208 
    41. Spielberger CD, Jacobs GA. Personality and smoking behaviour. Journal of Personality Assessment 1982;46:213-214 
    42. Geist CR, Hermann SH. A comparison of the psychological characteristics of smokers, ex-smokers, and nonsmokers. Journal of Clinical Psychology 1990;46:102-105 
    43. McNeill AD, West RJ, Jarvis M, Jackson P, Bryant, A Cigarette withdrawal symptoms in adolescent smokers. Psycholpharmacology 1986;90:533-536 
    44. 한국금연운동협의회. 성인 흡연율 조사. 한국금연운동협의회, 2002 
    45. Gulliver S, Hughes J, Solomon L, Dey A. An investigation of self-efficacy, partner support and daily stress as predictors of relapse to smoking in self-quitters. Addiction 1995;90:767-772 
    46. Jerusalem M, Schwarzer R. Self-efficacy as a resource factor in stress appraisal processes. In R. Schwarzer (Eds.), Self-efficacy: Thought control of action (pp. 195-213). Hemisphere, 1992 
    47. Pomerleau CS, Pomerleau OF. The effects of a psychological stressor on cigarette smoking and on subsequent behavioral and physiological responses. Psychophysiology 1987;24:278-285 
    48. Tiffany SR, Drobes DJ. Imagery and smoking urges: the manipulation of affective content. Addictive Behaviors 1990;15:531-539 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (4)

    1. 2004. "Evaluation of an Internet and a Mobile-Based Smoking Cessation Program" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion, 21(3): 179~193     
    2. Ha Eun Hee ; Park Hye Sook ; Lee Bo Eun ; Han Young Ran 2005. "Motivations of Adolescents Smoking Cessation: Use of Focus Group Interview" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion, 22(1): 55~71     
    3. Lee Mi Suk ; Lee Kyeong Soo ; Hwang Tae Yoon ; Park Jong Seo ; Lee Jung Jeung ; Kang Pock Soo 2005. "Association between Personality Typology and Smoking in High School Students" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion, 22(1): 135~146     
    4. Hwang, Byung-Deog 2007. "Knowledge, Attitude and Factors for Smoking Behavior in High School Students" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion, 24(2): 45~61     

 저자의 다른 논문

  • 서경현 (8)

    1. 2003 "남성들의 흡연과 성만족도에 관한 연구" 성인간호학회지 = Korean Journal of Adult Nursing 15 (4): 563~572    
    2. 2005 "장기적 금연 지속기간 예측 모형: 스트레스 대처를 중심으로" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion 22 (4): 73~90    
    3. 2006 "성별에 따른 고등학생의 흡연에 대한 지식, 태도 및 자아개념" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion 23 (2): 29~45    
    4. 2007 "운동이 스트레스로부터의 심장 반응과 정서 반응에 미치는 영향" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion 24 (3): 21~34    
    5. 2008 "남자 대학생들의 재미추구 성향, 자기효능감 및 운동에 대한 흥미와 운동량 간의 관계" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion 25 (1): 1~12    
    6. 2009 "여성의 수면습관 및 식습관과 지각된 피부건강 간의 관계" 保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion 26 (4): 11~22    
    7. 2018 "성인 여성의 내현적 자기애와 셀카 중독경향성 간의 관계: 자기대상화 및 자기제시동기의 매개효과를 중심으로" 한국콘텐츠학회논문지 = The Journal of the Korea Contents Association 18 (7): 207~220    
  • 이석민 (31)

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기