본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

고밀도 축제식 양식장의 질소역학과 대하 (Fenneropenaeus chinensis) 성장
Nitrogen Dynamics and Growing of Shrimp (Fenneropenaeus chinensis) in the High Density Aquaculture Ponds

강윤호   (여수대학교 수산증양식연구센터UU0000929  ); 윤양호   (여수대학교 해양시스템학부UU0000929  );
  • 초록

    A mathematical model is used to investigate nitrogen dynamics in the intensive aquaculture ponds in the western coast of Korea. Parameters associated with water quality, sediments and growing of shrimp (Fenneropenaeus chinensis) are measured to calibrate the model for feeding ponds A and B and storage ponds. The model describes the fate of nitrogen including loadings of ammonia from feeds, phytoplankton assimilation, nitrification, sedimentation, volatilization and discharge. The model obtains good agreements with the measured values of TAN $(NH_4,\;NH_3),\;NO(NO_2,\;NO_3)$ and Chl (chlorophyll a). Impacts of water exchange on TAN and Chl are investigated, showing that the range of 0.01-0.2 (/day) cannot effectively reduce TAN but reduces Chl. Nitrogen in the ponds A is removed by sedimentation $66\%,$ volatilization $8\%,$ discharge of particulate and dissolved $8\%.$ The pond B shows $56\%\;and\;26\%$ of sedimentation and volatilization, respectively, to yield $10\%.$ decrease and 8c/o increase compared to those in the pond A. While the pond A has larger area (1.02:0.66 ha) and same stocking density (0.025 md./L) at the beginning of culture, the pond B obtains higher stocking density (0.0065:0.0091 md./L), longer feeding period (103:121 day) and resultant higher shrimp production (1.15:2.13 t/ha/cycle) at harvest. This is possibly due to the hydraulic characteristics driven by paddlewheels. At low ratio of the low speed area and the pond area, the rate of sedimentation is high, while the rate of gas exchange is low. Thus, the measurement and model analysis suggest that water quality and shrimp production are positively correlated with the hydraulic characteristics in the shrimp ponds.


  • 주제어

    Shrimp pond .   Nitrogen dynamics .   Paddlewheel .   Fenneropenaeus chinensis.  

  • 참고문헌 (37)

    1. Ahmad, T. and C.E. Boyd. 1988. Design and performance of paddle wheel aerators, Aquacult. Eng., 7, 39-62 
    2. Boyd, C.E. and C.S. Tucker. 1995. Sustainability of channel catfish farming. World Aquacult., 26, 45-53 
    3. Boyd, C.E. and C.S. Tucker. 1998. Pond Aquaculture Water Quality Management. Kluwer Academic Publi- shers, Norwell, USA, pp. 548-551 
    4. Boyd, C.E. and B.J. Watten. 1989. Aeration systems in aquaculture. Rev. Aquacult. Sci., 1, 425-472 
    5. Briggs, M.R.P. and S.J. Funge-Smith. 1994. A nutrient bduget of some intensive marine shrimp ponds in Thailand. Aquacult. Fish. Manage., 25, 789-811 
    6. Burford, M.A. and K. Lorenzen. 2004. Modeling nitrogen dynamics in intensive shrimp ponds: the role of sedi- ment remineralization. Aquaculture, 229, 129-145 
    7. Burford, M.A. and A.R. Longmore. 2001. High ammonium production from sediments in hypereutrophic shrimp ponds. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 224, 187-195 
    8. Chen, J.C. and S.F. Chen. 1992 Effect of nitrite on growth and molting of Penaeus monodon juveniles. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 101(C), 453-45 
    9. Chen, J.C. and C.Y. Lin. 1992. Lethal effects of ammonia on Penaeus chinesis Osbeck juveniles at different salinity levels. J. Exp. Mar. Bio. Ecol., 156, 139-148 
    10. Dierberg, F.E. and W. Kiattisimkul. 1996. Issues, impacts, and implications of shrimp aquaculture in Thailand. Environ. Manag., 20, 649-666 
    11. Emerson, K., R.C. Russo, R.E. Lund and R.V. Thurston. 1975. Aqueous ammonia equilibrium calculations: Effect of pH and temperature. J. Fish. Res. Board Can., 32, 2379-2388 
    12. Fast, A.W., E.C. Tan, D.F. Stevens, J.C. Olson, J. Qin and D.K. Barclay. 1999. Paddlewheel aerator oxygen transfer efficiencies at three salinities. Aquacult. Eng., 19, 99-103 
    13. Folke, C. and N. Kautsky. 1989. The role of ecosystems for a sustainable development of aquaculture. Ambio, 18, 234-243 
    14. Gross, A., C.E. Boyd and C.W. Wood. 1999. Ammonia volatilization from fresh water fish ponds. J. Environ. Qual., 28, 793-797 
    15. Gross, A., C.E. Boyd and C.W. Wood. 2000. Nitrogen transformations and balance in channel catfish ponds. Aquacult. Eng., 24, 1-14 
    16. Gulland, J.A. 1983. Fish Stock Assessment: A Manual of Basic Methods. Wiley-Interscience, Chichester, UK, pp. 223 
    17. Jackson, C., N. Preston, P. Tompson and M. Burford. 2003. Nitrogen budget and effluent nitrogen com- ponents at an intensive shrimp farm. Aquaculture, 218, 397-411 
    18. Kang, Y.H. 2001. Effects of paddle wheel on water circulation in shrimp culture ponds, J. Aquacult., 14(1), 43-50. (in Korean) 
    19. Kang, J.C., J.K. Koo and J.S. Lee. 2000. Environmental survey for productivity enhancement of cultured fleshy prawn Penaeus chinensis. J. Aquacult., 13(1), 39-46. (in Korean) 
    20. Kang, Y.H., M.O. Lee, S.D. Choi and Y. Sin. 2004. 2-D Hydrodynamic model simulating paddlewheel driven circulation in rectangular shrimp culture pond, Aqua-culture, 231, 163-179 
    21. Lorenzen, K., J. Struve and V.J. Cowan. 1997. Impacts of farming intensity and water management on nitr- ogen dynamics in intensive pond culture: a mathe- matical model applied to Thai commercial shrimp farms. Aquacult. Res., 28, 493-507 
    22. Lovell, R.T. and D. Broce. 1985. Cause of musty flavor in pond-cultured penaeid shrimp. Aquaculture, 50, 169-174 
    23. Montoya, R.A., A.L. Lawrence, W.E. Grant and M. Velasco. 2002. Simulation of inorganic nitrogen dynamics and shrimp survival in an intensive shrimp culture system. Aquacult. Res., 33, 81-94 
    24. Paerl, H.W. and C.S. Tucker. 1995. Ecology of blue-green algae in aquaculture ponds. J. World Aquacult. Soc., 26, 109-131 
    25. Paez-Osuna, F., S.R. Guerrero-Galvan, A.C. Ruiz-Fernan- dez and R. Espinoza- Angulo. 1997. Fluxes and mass balances of nutrients in a semi intensive shrimp farm in north-western Mexico. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 34, 290- 297 
    26. Parsons, T.R., Y. Maita and C.M. Lalli. 1984. A Manual of Chemical and Biological Methods for Seawater Analysis. Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp. 173 
    27. Peterson, E.L., L.C. Wadhwa and J.A. Harris. 2001. Arrangement of aerators in an intensive shrimp growout pond having a rectangular shape. Aquacult. Eng., 25, 51-65 
    28. Redfield, A.C., B.H. Ketchum and F.A. Richards. 1963. The influence of organisms on the composition of sea-water. In: The Sea. Vol.2, The composition of sea-water comparative and descriptive oceanography. Hill, M.N., ed. John Wiley and Son, New York, pp. 26-77 
    29. Rhee, G.Y. 1978. Effect on N/P atomic ratios and nitrate limitation on algae growth, cell composition and nitrate uptake: a study of dual nutrient limitation. Limnol. Oceanogr., 23, 10-25 
    30. Rhee, G.Y., and I.J. Gotham. 1980. Optimum N:P ratios and coexistence of planktonic algae. J. Phycol., 16, 486-489 
    31. Schnoor, J.L. 1996. Environmental Modeling: fate and transport of pollutants in water, air, and soil, John Wily and Sons. Inc., New York, pp. 62-64 
    32. Seymour, E.A. 1980. The effects and control of algal blooms in fish ponds. Aquaculture, 19, 55-74 
    33. Smith, V.H. 1983. Low nitrogen to phosphorus ratio favors dominance by blue-green algae in lake phytoplankton. Science, 221, 669-671 
    34. Steele, J.H. 1962. Environmental control of photosynthesis in the sea. Limn. Oceanogr., 7, 137-150 
    35. Tucker, C.S. and S.W. Lloyd. 1984. Phytoplankton com- munities in channel catfish ponds. Hydrobiologia, 112, 137-141 
    36. Wickens, J.F. 1976. The tolerance of warm water prawns to recirculated water. Aquaculture, 9, 19-37 
    37. Yusoff, F.M. and C.D. McNabb. 1989. Effects of nutrient available on primary productivity and fish production in fertilized tropical ponds. Aquaculture, 78, 303-319 

 저자의 다른 논문

  • 강윤호 (7)

    1. 1999 "다양한 벽 경계조건을 이용한 정사각형 항구의 흐름구조 예측" 韓國海洋工學會誌 = Journal of ocean engineering and technology 13 (4): 151~158    
    2. 2001 "축제식 대하양식장에서 수차의 순환기능" 韓國養殖學會誌 = Journal of aquaculture 14 (1): 43~50    
    3. 2001 "축제식 양식장에서 수차에 의한 순환 모델링" 한국수산학회지 = Journal of the Korean Fisheries Society 34 (6): 643~651    
    4. 2002 "가막만에 출현하는 동물플랑크톤의 종조성과 계절별 출현 양상" 환경생물 = Korean journal of environmental biology 20 (2): 118~129    
    5. 2003 "방죽포 쇄파대생태계의 수용력과 수산자원방류" 한국수산학회지 = Journal of the Korean Fisheries Society 36 (6): 669~675    
    6. 2004 "NETWRK을 이용한 쇄파대 생태계의 탄소수지와 네트웍 해석" 한국수산학회지 = Journal of the Korean Fisheries Society 37 (1): 33~43    
    7. 2005 "광양만 예비 영양류 모형" 한국수산학회지 = Journal of the Korean Fisheries Society 38 (3): 184~195    

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기