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중진지역에 적합한 액상화 평가 생략기준 및 지진규모 보정계수에 관한 연구
A Study on Magnitude Scaling Factors and Screening Limits of Liquefaction Potential Assessment in Moderate Earthquake Regions

박근보    (Dept. of Civil Engrg., Yonsei Univ.   ); 박영근    (Republic of Korea Navy   ); 최재순    (Dept. of Civil Engrg., Yonsei Univ.   ); 김수일    (Dept. of Civil Engrg., Yonsei Univ.  );
  • 초록

    기존의 액상화 평가법은 대부분 미국, 일본, 그리고 유럽과 같이 지진 발생빈도가 높고 그로 인한 액상화 피해가 빈번한 국가에서 주도적으로 연구되어왔다. 이런 지역적 특성을 토대로 개발된 액상화 평가방법들은 높은 지진규모(M=7.5)에 바탕을 두고 있다. 국내의 경우, 1997년 실제적인 내진 연구가 시작된 이래 액상화 평가의 구체적 규정은 항만시설의 내진설계 표준서(1999)에 언급된 바 있으나 이는 문헌연구를 통해 제시된 것으로 실제적이지 못하다. 그러므로, 국내 적합한 설계기준을 작성하기 위해서는 지진피해자료의 부족을 국내 지반을 대상으로 한 동적실내시험을 통하는 것이 바람직하며, 일반적인 정현하중 진동시험 보다 실제 지진하중 재하 시험이 훨씬 효과적일 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 실제 지진파 고유의 특성을 적용한 진동삼축 시험을 통하여 상대밀도와 세립분함유량의 변화에 따른 액상화 저항강도를 산정하였다. 실험결과를 국내의 대표적인 항만지역의 지진응답 해석 결과와 비교 분석하고 중진지역에 적합한 액상화 평가의 생략기준을 제시하였다. 또한 실제 지진하중 삼축실험 결과를 이용하여 국내 여건에 적합한 지진규모 보정계수를 제안하였다.


    Conventional methods for the assessment of liquefaction potential were primarily for areas of severe earthquake zones (M=7.5) such as North America and Japan. Detailed earthquake related researches in Korea started in 1997, including development of the seismic design standards for port and harbour structures, which was later completed in 1999. Because most contents in the guidelines were quoted through literature reviews from North America and Japan, which are located in strong earthquake region, those are not proper in Korea, a moderate earthquake region. This requires further improvement of the present guidelines. Considering earthquake hazard data in Korea, use of laboratory tests based on irregular earthquake motion appears to be effective to reflect the dynamic characteristics of soil more realistically than those using simplified regular loading. In this study, cyclic triaxial tests using irregular earthquake motions are performed with different earthquake magnitudes, relative densities, and fines contents. Assessment of liquefaction potential in moderate earthquake regions is discussed based on various laboratory test results. Effects of these components on dynamic behavior of soils are discussed as well. From the test results, screening limits and magnitude scaling factors to determine the soil liquefaction resistance strength in seismic design were re-investigated and proposed using normalized maximum stress ratios under real irregular earthquake motions.


  • 주제어

    Assessment of liquefaction potential .   Irregular earthquake motions .   Liquefaction resistance ratio .   Magnitude scaling factors .   Screening limits .   Triaxial tests.  

  • 참고문헌 (26)

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