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Journal of ginseng research = 高麗人參學會誌 v.28 no.4 = no.76, 2004년, pp.165 - 172   피인용횟수: 4

Carbohydrate and Ginsenoside Changes in Ginseng Roots Grown in the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand

Follett John M.    (New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research Ltd, Ruakura Research Centre   ); Proctor John T.A.    (Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph   ); Walton Eric F.    (Horticulture and Food Research Institute of New Zealand Ltd, Mt Albert Research Centre   ); Boldingh Helen L.    (Horticulture and Food Research Institute of New Zealand Ltd, Ruakura Research Centre   ); McNamara Catherine    (New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research Ltd, Plant Extracts Research Unit, Otago University   ); Douglas James A.    (New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research Ltd, Ruakura Research Centre  );
  • 초록

    Ginseng is traditionally cultivated worldwide in cold continental climates. It is now also being cultivated in maritime environments such as New Zealandis. This paper reports a number of growth and quality parameters for plants grown under those conditions over two growing seasons and the intervening winter dormant period. While shoot biomass peaked mid-summer, in contrast, root biomass peaked late autumn/early winter. Starch, sucrose, fructose, glucose and inositol were detected in the roots. Starch concentrations were highest in early autumn (mean 470 mg $g^{-1}$ dry weight) and lowest in mid spring (218 mg $g^{-1}$ dry weight). Sucrose concentrations were low during early summer until late autumn but increased rapidly with the onset of winter and peaked during mid spring (168 mg $g^{-1}$ dry weight). Fructose and glucose concentrations were similar and peaked in late spring (5.3 and 6.2 mg $g^{-1}$ dry weight). Inositol concentrations peaked in mid summer (1.7 mg $g^{-1}$ dry weight). Starch/sugar ratios were high during summer and autumn and low during winter and spring. Ginsenoside concentrations and profiles showed that the six major ginsenosides, Rgl, Re, Rb1, Rc, Rb2 and Rd, were present, but Rf was absent. Concentrations did not vary with sampling date. The most abundant ginsenosides were Re (15.9 to 17.5 mg $g^{-1}$ dry weight) and Rb1 (10.7 to 18.1 mg $g^{-1}$ dry weight). Combined, they accounted for $75{\%}$ of total ginsenoside concentrations. Limited taste tests indicated that highest root quality occurred during late autumn, after the shoots had senesced. However, quality could not be related to plant chemistry.


  • 주제어

    North American ginseng .   Panax quinquefolius .   growth rate .   ginsenosides .   starch .   sugar .   sucrose .   fructose .   glucose .   myo-inositol.  

  • 참고문헌 (28)

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (4)

    1. Lee, Sung-Woo ; Kim, Gum-Sook ; Hyun, Dong-Yun ; Kim, Yong-Burm ; Kang, Seung-Won ; Cha, Seon-Woo 2010. "Effects of Spraying Lime-Bordeaux Mixture on Yield, Ginsenoside, and 70% Ethanol Extract Contents of 3-Year-Old Ginseng in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer" 韓國藥用作物學會誌 = Korean journal of medicinal crop science, 18(4): 244~247     
    2. Lee, Sung-Woo ; Kim, Gum-Sook ; Hyun, Dong-Yun ; Kim, Yong-Burm ; Kim, Jang-Wook ; Kang, Seung-Won ; Cha, Seon-Woo 2011. "Comparison of Growth Characteristics and Ginsenoside Content of Ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) Cultivated with Greenhouse and Traditional Shade Facility" 韓國藥用作物學會誌 = Korean journal of medicinal crop science, 19(3): 157~161     
    3. Lee, Sung-Woo ; Kim, Geum-Soog ; Park, Kee-Choon ; Lee, Seung-Ho ; Jang, In-Bok ; Eo, Ji-Nu ; Cha, Seon-Woo 2012. "Growth Characteristics and Ginsenosides Content of 4-Year-Old Ginseng by Spraying Lime-Bordeaux Mixture in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer" 韓國藥用作物學會誌 = Korean journal of medicinal crop science, 20(2): 89~93     
    4. Mo, Hwang-Sung ; Lim, Jin-Soo ; Yu, Jin ; Park, Kee-Choon 2015. "Comparison of Chemical Properties of Soil and Ginsenoside Content of Ginseng under Organic and Conventional Cultivation Systems" 韓國有機農業學會誌 = Korean journal of organic agriculture, 23(3): 509~522     

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