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Macromolecular research v.12 no.6, 2004년, pp.573 - 580  
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

Preparation of a Hydrophobized Chitosan Oligosaccharide for Application as an Efficient Gene Carrier

Son Sohee    (Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sunchon National University   ); Chae Su Young    (Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sunchon National University   ); Choi Changyong    (Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sunchon National University   ); Kim Myung-Yul    (Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sunchon National University   ); Ngugen Vu Giang    (Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sunchon National University   ); Jang Mi-Kyeong    (Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sunchon National University   ); Nah Jae-Woon    (Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sunchon National University   ); Kweon Jung Keoo    (Department of Bioenvironmental & Chemical Engineering, Chosun College of Science and Technology  );
  • 초록

    To prepare chitosan-based polymeric amphiphiles that can form nanosized core-shell structures (nanopar­ticles) in aqueous milieu, chitosan oligosaccharides (COSs) were modified chemically with hydrophobic cholesterol groups. The physicochemical properties of the hydrophobized COSs (COSCs) were investigated by using dynamic light scattering and fluorescence spectroscopy. The feasibility of applying the COSCs to biomedical applications was investigated by introducing them into a gene delivery system. The COSCs formed nanosized self-aggregates in aqueous environments. Furthermore, the physicochemical properties of the COSC nanoparticles were closely related to the molecular weights of the COSs and the number of hydrophobic groups per COS chain. The critical aggregation concentration values decreased upon increasing the hydrophobicity of the COSCs. The COSCs effi­ciently condensed plasmid DNA into nanosized ion-complexes, in contrast to the effect of the unmodified COSs. An investigation of gene condensation, performed using a gel retardation assay, revealed that $COS6(M_n=6,040 Da)$ containing $5\%$ of cholesteryl chloroformate (COS6C5) formed a stable DNA complex at a COS6C5/DNA weight ratio of 2. In contrast, COS6, the unmodified COS, failed to form a stable COS/DNA complex even at an elevated weight ratio of 8. Furthermore, the COS6C5/DNA complex enhanced the in vitro transfection efficiency on Human embryonic kidney 293 cells by over 100 and 3 times those of COS6 and poly(L-lysine), respectively. Therefore, hydrophobized chitosan oligosaccharide can be considered as an efficient gene carrier for gene delivery systems.


  • 주제어

    chitosan oligosaccharide (COS) .   cholesterol, gene delivery .   hydrophobic moiety .   nanoparticle.  

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