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Macromolecular research v.12 no.6, 2004년, pp.608 - 614   피인용횟수: 1
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Atomic Force Microscopy and Specular Reflectance Infrared Spectroscopic Studies of the Surface Structure of Polypropylene Treated with Argon and Oxygen Plasmas

Seo Eun-Deock    (Division of Chemical Engineering, Kyungnam University  );
  • 초록

    Isotactic polypropylene (PP) surfaces were modified with argon and oxygen plasmas using a radio­frequency (RF) glow discharge at 240 mTorr and 40 W. The changes in topography and surface structure were investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) in conjunction with specular reflectance of infrared (IR) microspectroscopy. Under our operating conditions, the AFM image analysis revealed that longer plasma treatment resulted in significant ablation on the PP surface, regardless of the kind of plasma employed, but the topography was dependent on the nature of the gases. Specular reflectance IR spectroscopic analysis indicated that the constant removal of surface material was an important ablative aspect when using either plasma, but the nature of the ablative behavior and the resultant aging effects were clearly dependent on the choice of plasma. The use of argon plasma resulted in a negligible aging effect; in contrast, the use of oxygen plasma caused a noticeable aging effect, which was due to reactions of trapped or isolated radicals with oxygen in air, and was partly responsible for the increased surface area caused by ablation. The use of oxygen plasma is believed to be an advantageous approach to modifying polymeric materials with functionalized surfaces, e.g., for surface grafting of unsaturated monomers and incorporating oxygen-containing groups onto PP.


  • 주제어

    atomic force microscopy .   aging effect .   plasma treatment .   PP .   surface modification.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

    1. Seo, Eun-Deock 2012. "Low Temperature Plasma Treatment of Linseed Oil for Immobilization of Silica as Flame-resistant Material" 韓國染色加工學會誌 = Textile coloration and finishing, 24(4): 313~320     

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