본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

Journal of plant biology = 식물학회지 v.48 no.2, 2005년, pp.159 - 169   피인용횟수: 2

A Five-Year Study of Mast Seeding in Pinus densiflora

Kang, Hye-Soon    (Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Sungshin Women's University  );
  • 초록

    I examined the annual pattern of seed production in three Korean populations of Pinus densiflora from 1998 to 2002. During the fall season, data were collected on the numbers of cones per tagged tree, as well as seed counts, their mass, and seed set following dehiscence. Dbh was measured for individual trees during each spring. Overall, $80.3\%$ of the trees produced seed cones in even-numbered years compared with $51.6\%$ in odd-numbered years. Moreover, trees that matured seed cones in even years produced 12 times more seeds per tree than those in odd years. Tree diameters generally increased significantly during the summers after odd-numbered years, although the trees at one site showed a consistent growth rate each year after 2000. Annual variations in individual seed mass, seed set, and the proportion of damaged seed cones occurred largely within odd or even years. Based on these results, the following conclusions were made: 1) seed-cone production of P. densiflora is somewhat synchronized, but is not an all-or­nothing phenomenon, 2) P. densiflora tends to undergo mast seeding at two-year intervals, and 3) this alternate-year excess in seed crop may have evolved to increase fitness, though the exact evolutionary mechanism is unclear.


  • 주제어

    dbh growth .   Pinus densiflora .   seed crop .   seed predation .   seed set.  

  • 참고문헌 (45)

    1. Caron GE, Powell GR (1989) Patterns of seed-cone and pollen-cone production in young Picea mariana trees. Can J For Res 19: 359-364 
    2. Cremer KW (1992) Relations between reproductive growth and vegetative growth of Pinus radiata. For Ecol Manage 52: 179-199 
    3. Eis S, Garman EH, Ebel L (1965) Relation between cone production and diameter increment of Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco.], grand fir [Abies grandis (Dougl.) Lindl.], and western white pine (Pinus monticola Dougl.). Can J Bot 43: 1553-1559 
    4. Grodzinski W, Sawicka-Kapusta K (1970) Energy values of tree-seeds eaten by small mammals. Oikos 21: 52-58 
    5. Hong SK, Rim YD (1997) Effect of mosaic vegetation structure on pine seed predation by forest animals in agriculturallandscape. Kor J Ecol 20: 265-274 
    6. Kang H (1999) Variations in the seed production of Pinus densiflora trees. Kor J Biol Sci 3: 29-39 
    7. Kelly D (1994) The evolutionary ecology of mast seeding. Trends Ecol Evol 9: 465-470 
    8. Lee KJ (1979) Factors affecting cone initiation in pines: A review. Inst For Genet Res Rep 15: 45-85 
    9. Norton DA, Kelly D (1988) Mast seeding over 33 years by Dacyrdium cupressinum Lamb. (rimu) (Podocarpaceae) in New Zealand: The importance of the economies of scale. Funct Ecol 2: 399-408 
    10. Sharp WM, Sprague VG (1967) Flowering and fruiting in the white oak pistillate flowering, acorn development, weather, and yields. Ecology 48: 243-251 
    11. Shibata M, Tanaka H, Nakashizuka T (1998) Causes and consequences of mast seed production of four cooccurring Carpinus species in Japan. Ecology 79: 54-64 
    12. Rim YD, Shidei T (1975) Animal influences on Japanese pine seeds of the forest floor. II. Seed input and output of seedlings with seed coat. Jap J Ecol 25: 141-148 
    13. Owens JN, Simpson SJ, Molder M (1981) Sexual reproduction of Pinus contorta. I. Pollen development, the pollination mechanism, and early ovule development. Can J Bot 59: 1828-1843 
    14. Park JK (2002) Animal behaviours related to pine seeds on the forest floor. Kor J Ecol Sci 1 : 79-82     
    15. Wardle JA (1984) The New Zealand Beeches: Ecology, Utilization and Management. New Zealand Forest Service, Wellington 
    16. Herrera CM, Jordano P, Guitian J, Traveset A (1998) Annual variability in seed production by woody plants and the masting concept: Reassessment of principles and relationship to pollination and seed dispersal. Amer Nat 152: 576-594 
    17. Houle G, Filion L (1993) Interannual variations in the seed production of Pinus banksiana at the limit of the species distribution in Northern Quebec, Canada. Amer J Bot 80: 1242-1250 
    18. Sarvas R (1962) Investigations on the flowering and seed crop of Pinus sylvestris. Commun lnst For Fenn 53: 1198 
    19. Koenig WD, Knops JMH (1998) Scale of mast-seeding and tree-ring growth. Nature 396: 225-226 
    20. Kelly D, Sork VL (2002) Mast seeding in perennial plants: Why, how, where? Annu Rev Ecol Syst 33: 427-447 
    21. Tappeiner JC (1969) Effect of cone production on branch, needle, and xylem ring growth of Sierra Nevada Douglasfir. For Sci 15: 171-174 
    22. von Ende CN (2001) Repeated-measures analysis. In SM Scheiner, J Gurevitch, eds, Design and Analysis of Ecological Experiments. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 134-157 
    23. Janzen DH (1971) Seed predation by animals. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 2: 465-492 
    24. Sork VL (1993) Evolutionary ecology of mast-seeding in temperate and tropical oaks (Quercus spp.). In T Fleming, A Estrada, eds, Frugivory and Seed Dispersal: Ecological and Evolutionary Aspects. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 133-147 
    25. Koenig WD, Knops JMH (2000) Patterns of annual seed production by northern hemisphere trees: A global perspective. Amer Nat 155: 59-69 
    26. Koenig WD, Mumme RL, Carmen WJ, Stanback MT (1994) Acorn production by oaks in central coastal California: Variation within and among years. Ecology 75: 99-109 
    27. SAS (1999) SAS User's Guide: Statistics. SAS Institute, Cary, USA 
    28. Smith CC (1970) The coevolution of pine squirrels (Tamiasciurus) and conifers. Ecol Monogr 40: 349-371 
    29. Lester DT (1967) Variation in cone production of red pine in relation to weather. Can J Bot 45: 1683-1691 
    30. Sork VL, Bramble J (1993) Ecology of mast-fruiting in three species of North American deciduous oaks. Ecology 74: 528-541 
    31. Silvertown JW (1980) The evolutionary ecology of mast seeding in trees. Biol J Linn Soc 14: 235-250 
    32. Houle G (1999) Mast seeding in Abies balsamea, Acer saccharum and Betula alleghaniensis in an old growth, cold temperate forest of north-eastern North America. J Ecol 87: 413-422 
    33. Marchelli P, Gallo LA (1999) Annual and geographic variation in seed traits of Argentinean populations of southern beech Nothofagus nervosa (Phil.) Dim et For Ecol Manage 121: 239-250 
    34. Allison TD (1990) Pollen production and plant density affect pollination and seed production in Taxus canadensis. Ecology 71: 516-522 
    35. Benkman CW, Parchman TL, Favis A, Siepielski AM (2003) Reciprocal selection causes a coevolutionary arms race between crossbills and lodgepole pine. Amer Nat 162: 182-194 
    36. Lloyd DG (1984) Gender allocations in outcrossing cosexual plants. In R Dirzo, J Sarukhan, eds, Perspectives on Plant Population Ecology. Sinauer, Sunderland, pp 277-300 
    37. Schoen DJ, Stewart SC (1986) Variation in male reproductive investment and male reproductive success in white spruce. Evolution 40: 1109-1120 
    38. Nilsson SG, Wastljung U (1987) Seed predation and crosspollination in mast-seeding beech (Fagus sylvatica) patches. Ecology 68: 260-265 
    39. Sarvas R (1955) Investigations into the flowering and seed quality of seed crop. Commun Inst For Fenn 45: 1-37 
    40. Bawa KS (1980) Evolution of dioecy in flowering plants. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 11: 15-39 
    41. Smith CC, Hamrick JL, Kramer CL (1990) The advantage of mast years for wind pollination. Amer Nat 136: 154-166 
    42. Bossema I (1979) Jays and oaks: An eco-ethological study of a symbiosis. Behavior 70: 1-118 
    43. Makinen H (1998) The suitability of height and radial increment variation in Pinus sylvestris (L.) for expressing environmental signals. For Ecol Manage 112: 191-197 
    44. Mencuccini, Piussi MP, Sanzi Sulli A (1995) Thirty years of seed production in a subalpine Norway spruce forest: Patterns of temporal and spatial variation. For Ecol Manage 76: 109-125 
    45. Siepielski AM, Benkman CW (2004) Interactions among moths, crossbills, squirrels, and lodgepole. pine in a geographic selection mosaic. Evolution 58: 95-101 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

    1. Kang, Hye-Soon ; Paek, Kyung-Jin 2005. "Evaluating Home Ranges of Endangered Asiatic Black Bears for In Situ Conservation" 한국생태학회지 = The Korean journal of ecology, 28(6): 395~404     
    2. 2007. "" Journal of plant biology = 식물학회지, 50(2): 181~189     

 저자의 다른 논문

  • 강혜순 (15)

    1. 1998 "두 외래종 민들레 번식 특성의 계절적 변이" 한국생태학회지 = The Korean journal of ecology 21 (5): 457.2~457.31    
    2. 1999 "Variations in the Seed Production of Pinus densiflora Trees" Korean journal of biological sciences 3 (1): 29~39    
    3. 2001 "대두(Glycine max)의 생장 및 번식 특성에 미치는 제초제의 영향" 한국생태학회지 = The Korean journal of ecology 24 (3): 157~168    
    4. 2004 "Flowering Patterns among Angiosperm Species in Korea: Diversity and Constraints" Journal of plant biology = 식물학회지 47 (4): 348~355    
    5. 2005 "야생동물의 행동권을 고려한 설악산 국립공원과 오대산 국립공원간 서식지 연결" 한국환경생태학회지 = Korean journal of environment and ecology 19 (2): 150~161    
    6. 2005 "멸종위기종 반달가슴곰의 현장 내 복원을 위한 행동권 평가" 한국생태학회지 = The Korean journal of ecology 28 (6): 395~404    
    7. 2005 "지리산 국립공원 내 도로에 의한 산림조각화" 環境復元綠化 = Journal of the Korea Society of Environmental Restoration Technology 8 (1): 63~72    
    8. 2006 "Ecological Correlates of Flowering Seasons in Korean Angiosperms" Journal of ecology and field biology : JEFB 29 (4): 353~360    
    9. 2007 "Changes in Gender Expression in Korean Populations of Pinus densiflora over a Five-Year Period" Journal of plant biology = 식물학회지 50 (2): 181~189    
    10. 2008 "제주 생물권보전지역 내 한라산국립공원의 경관분석 : 단편화 현상" 한국환경생태학회지 = Korean journal of environment and ecology 22 (3): 309~319    

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • NDSL :
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기