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The Effects of Sex Hormones on the Expression of ODF/OPG in Human Gingival Fibroblast and Periodontal Ligament Cell at Serum Concentration During Pregnancy

Shin, Ji-Yearn   (Dept. of Periodontology, College of Dentistry, Seoul National UniversityUU0000691  ); Baek, Dong-Heon   (Dept. of Oral Microbiology & Immunology, College of Dentistry, Dankook UniversityUU0000336  ); Han, Soo-Boo   (Dept. of Periodontology, College of Dentistry, Seoul National UniversityUU0000691  );
  • 초록

    Periodontitis is a chronic infectious disease that leads to the destruction, one of the major cause of tooth loss in human. Osteoclast Differentiation Factor(ODF), also called as Receptor activator of NF- ${\kappa}B$ ligand(RANKL), a surface-associated ligand on bone marrow stromal cells and osteoblasts, activates its cognate receptor RANK on osteoclast progenitor cells, which leads to differentiation of these mononucleated precursor cells. Osteoprotegerin(OPG), a decoy receptor, is released from stromal cells and osteoblasts to inhibit the interaction between RANKL and RANK. The experiment for the effect of pregnancy on gingival health showed greater gingival inflammation and edema during pregnancy, despite similar plaque index. There should be many factors affecting the periodontal health in pregnancy. In this experiment, we examined the direct effects of sex hormones(estrogen and progesterone) on the ODF/OPG expression in human gingival fibroblasts and periodontal ligament cells at the serum concentration of pregnancy. The ratio was high in the 1st trimester of pregnancy by estrogen and in the late 2nd trimester by progesterone. Therefore, the local periodontal destruction might be accelerated by these hormonal effect on the periodontal cells.

  • 주제어

    OPG .   ODF .   Pregnancy .   Gingival fibroblast .   Periodontal ligament cell .   Estrogen .   Progesterone.  

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