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Occurrence of Pseudomonas aerusinosa infection in the broilers in Korea

Joh, Seong-joon    (Avian Disease Division, National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service, MAF   ); Kim, Min-chul    (Avian Disease Division, National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service, MAF   ); Kwon, Yong-kuk    (Avian Disease Division, National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service, MAF   ); Kim, Jae-hong    (Avian Disease Division, National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service, MAF  );
  • 초록

    Pseudomonas aerusinosa infection was diagnosed in broiler chicks, and was submitted to the National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service in Korea. The total mortality rate was about 1,500 birds out of 22,000 broilers. Clinically, affected birds showed clinical signs including depression and anorexia with lameness and trembling of the leg. At necropsy, the dead broilers appeared to have omphalitis, yolk sac infection, fibrinous epicarditis, and fibrinous exudates in liver with swollen hock joint. Microscopically, there were multiple necrotic foci in the liver, fibrinous exudates in the heart, and infiltration of heterophils into the joint spaces of the hock joint. Pseudomonas aerusinosa was isolated from the heart, liver and hock joint, and the isolate was named P-200. In effort to estimate the virulence of P-200, 1-day-old chicks were challenged intramuscularly and intrayolksacally with the isolate. On the basis of mortality rate, the isolate P-200 was found to be highly virulent. This is the first report of an occurrence of Pseudomonas aerusinosa infection in broilers in Korea.


  • 주제어

    broiler .   chick .   Korea .   Pseudomonas aerusinosa .   virulence test.  

  • 참고문헌 (7)

    1. Bapat JA, Kulkarni VB, Nimje DV. Mortality in chicks due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Indian J Anim Sci 1985, 55, 538-539 
    2. Joklik WK, Willett HP, Armos DB, Wilfert CM. Zinsser Microbiology. 19th ed. pp. 487-492. Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1988 
    3. Carter GR. Essentials of Veterinary Bacteriology and Mycology. 1st ed. pp. 210-212, Michigan State University Press, East Lansing, 1982 
    4. Barnes HJ. Miscellaneous Bacterial Diseases. In: Diseases of Poultry. 11th ed. pp. 852-854, Iowa State University Press, Ames, 2003 
    5. Walker SE, Sander JE, Cline JL, Helton JS. Characterization of Pseudomonas aerusinosa isolates associated with mortality in broiler chicks. Avian Dis 2002, 46, 1045-1052 
    6. Devriese LA, Viaene NJ, Medts GDE. Pseudomonas aerusinosa infection on a broiler farm. Avian Pathol 1975, 4, 233-237 
    7. Harry EG. The effect on embryonic and chick mortality of yolk contamination with bacteria from the hen. Vet Rec 1957, 69, 1433-1439 

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  • 조성준 (2)

    1. 2006 "2003년 국내 원종계 및 종계의 추백리-가금티푸스 감염실태" 大韓獸醫學會誌 = Korean journal of veterinary research 46 (4): 347~353    

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