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Effect of Salt Level in Water on Feed Intake and Growth Rate of Red and Fallow Weaner Deer

Ru, Y.J.    (Livestock Systems, South Australian Research and Development Institute   ); Glatz, P.C.    (Livestock Systems, South Australian Research and Development Institute   ); Bao, Y.M.    (Livestock Systems, South Australian Research and Development Institute  );
  • 초록

    Under a typical Mediterranean environment in southern Australia, the evaporation rate increases significantly in hot summers, resulting in highly saline drinking water for grazing animals. Also in the cropping areas, dryland salinity is a problem. Grazing animals under these environments can ingest excessive amount of salt from feed, drinking water and soil, which can lead to a reduction in growth rate. To understand the impact of high salt intake on grazing deer, two experiments were conducted to assess the effect of salt levels in drinking water on feed intake and growth rate of red and fallow weaner deer. The results revealed that fallow deer did not show any abnormal behaviour or sickness when salt level in drinking water was increased from 0% to 2.5%. Feed intake was not affected until the salt content in water exceeded 1.5%. Body weight gain was not affected by 1.2% salt in drinking water, but was reduced as salt content in water increased. Compared with deer on fresh water, the feed intake of red deer on saline water was 11-13% lower when salt level in drinking water was 0.4-0.8%. An increase in salt level in water up to 1% resulted in about a 30% reduction in feed intake (p


  • 주제어

    Water Intake .   Salt Tolerance .   Salt Intake.  

  • 참고문헌 (17)

    1. Ru, Y. J., M. Fischer, P. C. Glatz and Y. M. Bao. 2004. Effect of salt level in the feed on performance of red and fallow weaner deer. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17(5):638-642. 
    2. Wilson, A. D. 1975. Influence of water salinity on sheep performance while grazing on natural grassland and saltbush pastures. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 15:760. 
    3. Thornton, I. 1983. Soil-plant-animal interactions in relation to the incidence of trace element disorders in grazing livestock. In: 'Trace Elements in Animal Production and Veterinary Practice'. Occasional Publication of the British Society of Animal Production, No. 7. (Ed. N. F. Suttle, R. G. Gunn, W. M. Allen, K. A. Linklater and G. Wiener). Haddington, UK, pp. 39-49. 
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    10. Peirce, A. W. 1959. Studies on salt tolerance of sheep. II. The tolerance of sheep for mixtures of sodium chloride and magnesium chloride in the drinking water. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 10:725-735. 
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    12. Peirce, A. W. 1968b. Studies on salt tolerance of sheep. VIII. The tolerance of grazing ewes and their lambs for drinking waters of the types obtained from underground sources in Australia. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 19:589-595. 
    13. Wilson, A. D. 1966. The intake and excretion of sodium by sheep fed on species of Atriplex (saltbush) and Kochia (bluebush). Aust. J. Agric. Res. 17:155-163. 
    14. Inglis, S. 1985. Livestock water supplies. Fact sheet 82/77. Department of Agriculture, South Australia. 
    15. Peirce, A. W. 1957. Studies on salt tolerance of sheep. I. The tolerance of sheep for sodium chloride in the drinking water. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 8:711-722. 
    16. Peirce, A. W. 1962. Studies on salt tolerance of sheep. IV. The tolerance of sheep for mixtures of sodium chloride and calcium chloride in the drinking water. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 13:479-486. 
    17. Peirce, A. W. 1963. Studies on salt tolerance of sheep. V. The tolerance of sheep for mixtures of sodium chloride, sodium carbonate, and sodium bicarbonate in the drinking water. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 14:815-823. 

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