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Feeding of Sugar Cane Silage to Dairy Cattle during the Dry Season

Suksombat, Wisitiporn    (School of Animal Production Technology, Institute of Agricultural Technology, Suranaree University of Technology   ); Junpanichcharoen, P.    (School of Animal Production Technology, Institute of Agricultural Technology, Suranaree University of Technology  );
  • 초록

    A study was conducted to determine the effect of feeding sugar cane silage compared to chopped whole sugar cane or grass silage on performances of lactating dairy cows during the dry season. Twenty four Holstein Friesian crossbred (>87.5% Holstein Friesian) lactating dairy cows in mid lactation; averaging 15.4 ${\pm}$ 3.2 kg of milk, 120 ${\pm}$ 23 days in milk, 50.5 ${\pm}$ 6.5 months old and 432 ${\pm}$ 39 kg live weight, were stratified for milk yield, days in milk, age, stage of lactation and body weight, and then randomly allocated to three treatment groups (8 cows in each group). All cows were fed 7.5 kg/d commercial concentrate plus ad libitum roughage according to treatment groups, which were grass silage, sugar cane silage or chopped whole sugar cane respectively. All cows consumed similar DM and produced similar milk and milk composition yields. However, cows on grass silage lost more weight than the other cows. The present study indicated that, during the dry season, sugar cane silage can be fed to lactating dairy cows, while giving similar milk yield to grass silage or chopped whole sugar cane.


  • 주제어

    Sugar Cane Silage .   Chopped Whole Sugar Cane .   Grass Silage .   Lactating Dairy Cows.  

  • 참고문헌 (13)

    1. Alvarez, F. J., A. Wilson and T. R. Preston. 1977. Sugar cane, molasses and restricted grass/legume grazing or unsupplemented grazing for milk and weaned calf production in a dual purpose herd during the wet season. Trop. Anim. Prod. 2:219-222. 
    2. Oskov, E. R. and I. McDonald. 1979. The estimation of protein degradability in the rumen from incubation measurements weighted according to rate of passage. J. Agric. Sci. 92:499-503. 
    3. Kawashima, T., W. Sumamal, P. Pholsen, R. Chaitiang and W. Boonpakdee. 2002. The use of sugar cane stalk for feeding lactating cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15(2):205-208. 
    4. AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington DC. 
    5. Steel, R. D. G. and J. H. Torrie. 1986. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach. 5th Ed. McGraw-Hill International Book Company, New York. 
    6. Alvarez, F. J. and T. R. Preston. 1976. Leucaena leucocephala as protein supplement for dual purpose milk and weaned calf production on sugar cane based ration. Trop. Anim. Prod. 1:112-119. 
    7. SAS Institute Inc. 1985. SAS User’s Guide: Statistics, 5th Ed., Cary, NC. 
    8. Suksombat, W. and P. Mernkrathoke. 2005. Feeding of whole sugar cane as roughage for dairy cattle during the dry season. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. (in press). 
    9. Alvarez, F. J., A. Wilson and T. R. Preston. 1978. Leucaena leucocephala as protein supplement for dual purpose milk and weaned calf production on sugar cane based diets: comparisons with rice polishing. Trop. Anim. Prod. 3:51-55. 
    10. National Research Council. 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th Edition. National Academy Press. Washington, DC. p. 340. 
    11. AAC. 1990. Feeding Standards for Australian Livestock: Ruminants. Standing Committee on Agricultural Ruminant Subcommittee. CSIRO. Australian Agricultural Council. Australia. p. 266. 
    12. Goering, H. K. and P. J. Van Soest. 1970. Forage Fiber Analysis. A RS/USDA Agricultural Handbook. Washington, DC. 
    13. Linberg, J. E. 1985. Estimation of rumen degradability of feed proteins with the in sacco technique and various in vitro methods: A review. Acta Agric. Scand. (Suppl.) 25:64-97. 

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