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Effect of Restricted Suckling or Temporal Weaning on Some Physiological and Behavioural Stress Parameters in Zebu Cattle (Bos indicus)

Acevedo, N.    (Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos   ); Hernandez, C.    (Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos   ); Orihuela, A.    (Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos   ); Lidfors, L.M.    (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Environment and Health   ); Berg, C.    (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Environment and Health  );
  • 초록

    This study investigated the effects of restricted suckling (RS) on some physiological and behavioural stress parameters compared to temporal weaning (TW). Twenty Brahman (Bos indicus) cow-calf pairs were assigned to one of two groups: Calves in the RS group were limited to suckle their dams once daily for 30 min during days 30 to 33, while calves in the TW group were removed from their dams during days 59 to 62 postpartum. Heart and respiratory rates, serum cortisol concentration and body temperature were registered in cows and calves. In addition, the number of steps was also registered in calves. All parameters were recorded 24, 48 and 72 h after the beginning of the two treatments, respectively. In TW calves, higher (p $^{st}$ and 2 $^{nd}$ observations, respectively. No difference was found in body temperature between treatments. However, respiration and heart rates differed in the 1 $^{st}$ and 2 $^{nd}$ observations, respectively. In general, a significant decrease (p $^{st}$ day following start of the treatment, and there in a chance of age effects. (b) Cows were less affected than their young, regardless of the treatment applied.

  • 주제어

    Beef Cattle .   Calf Removal .   Temporal Weaning .   Animal Welfare .   Restricted Suckling .   Zebu.  

  • 참고문헌 (30)

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