본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

Mating and Incidental Activities of Ram (Ovis aries) When Exposed to Ewe(s) and Competitor Ram in Pen Mating Condition

Patel, M.    (Division of Livestock Production and Management, Indian Veterinary Research Institute(IVRI)   ); Das, N.    (Division of Livestock Production and Management, Indian Veterinary Research Institute(IVRI)   ); Pandey, H.N.    (Division of Livestock Production and Management, Indian Veterinary Research Institute(IVRI)   ); Yadav, M.C.    (Division of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, IVRI   ); Girish, P.S.    (Division of Livestock Products Technology, IVRI  );
  • 초록

    An attempt was made to analyze the factors affecting mating performance of rams in pen mating systems. Due to many types of social interactions, mating performance of rams may decrease or increase. Six intact Muzaffarnagari rams were used and divided into three dominant subordinate pairs by food and ewe competition test. For dominant rams subordinate ram became competitor and vice versa. In the first experiment, ram was exposed to ewe but the competitor ram was kept outside the pen with the facility of visibility only. In the second experiment each ram was exposed to ewe along with the competitor ram and in third experiment ram was exposed to ewes (two) along with competitor ram in observation pen. Recordings of different mating and agonistic behaviour were done in all the experiments. It was found that subordinate ram's mating behaviour was inhibited by mere presence of a dominant ram out side without physical contact. However, when ram exposed to oestrus ewe(s) along with competitor ram, both dominant and subordinate rams spent much of their time in guarding activities instead of mating. In addition dominant ram tried to curtail the subordinate ram mating by agonistic interaction like fight and butting. Different guarding activities were observed either as active or passive type depending on level of dominanace. It was concluded that in a limited space the interaction of two or more rams might affect the number of services adversely.


  • 주제어

    Ram .   Behaviour .   Dominant .   Guarding .   Audience .   Ewe.  

  • 참고문헌 (28)

    1. Banks, E. M. 1964. Some aspects of sexual behaviour in domestic sheep Ovis aries. Behaviour 23:249-279 
    2. Blockey, M. A. and B. De. 1981. Further studies on the serving capacity test for beef bulls. Appl. Anim. Ethol. 7:337-350. 
    3. Kilgour, R. J. and R. G. Whale. 1980. The relation between mating activity of rams in pens and subsequent flock mating performance. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 20:5-8. 
    4. Mattner, P. E., A. W. H. Braden and K. E. Tumbul. 1967. Studies in flock mating of sheep. 1. Mating behaviour. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 7:103-109. 
    5. Bourke, M. E. 1967. A study of mating behaviour of Merion rams. Aust. J. Expt. Agric. Anim. Hus. 7:203-205. 
    6. Lindsay, D. R. 1966. Modification of behavioural oestrus in the ewe by social and hormonal factors. Anim. Behav. 14:73-83. 
    7. Nawaz, M., M. Khan, M. Qureshi and E. Rasool. 1998. Production and reproductive performance of Kajli and Lohi ewes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 11:176-184. 
    8. Hafez, E. S. E. 1975. The Behaviour of Domestic Animals. 3rd edn. pp. 256-265. 
    9. Kilgour, R. J. and C. G. Winfield. 1974. Sheep mating behaviour. NZ. J. Agric. 128(4):17-23. 
    10. Kiyanzad, M. R., J. M. Panandam, N. Emamajameh Kashan, Z. A. Jelan and I. Dahlan. 2003. Reproductive performance of three Iranian sheep breeds. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:11-14. 
    11. Patel, M., N. Das, H. N. Pandey, M. C. Yadav and P. S. Girish. 2004. Mating behaviour of rams in pen mating system. Ind. J. of Small Ruminants (in press). 
    12. Hulet, C. V., S. K. Ercanbrack, D. A. Price, R. L. Blackwell and L. O. Wilson. 1962a. Mating behaviour of the ram in the one-sire pen. J. Anim. Sci. 21:857-864. 
    13. Lindsay, D. R., D. G. Dunsmore, J. D. Williams and G. J. Syme. 1976. Audience effects on the mating behaviour of rams. Anim. Behav. 24:818-821. 
    14. Shreffler, C. and W. D. Hohenboken. 1974. Dominance and mating behaviour in ram lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 39(4):725-731. 
    15. Mattner, P. E., J. M. George and A. W. H. Braden. 1974. Herd mating activity in cattle. J. Reprod. Fertil. 36:454-455. 
    16. Marincowitz, G., P. S. Pretorius and S. N. Herbst. 1966. Dominance in sexual behaviour and mating dexterity in Merino rams. S. Afri. J. Agric. Sci. 9:971-980. 
    17. Hulet, C. V., R. L. Blackwell and S. K. Ercanbrack. 1962c. Mating behaviour of the ewe. J. Anim. Sci. 21:870-874. 
    18. Lindsay, D. R. and T. J. Robinson. 1961a. Studies on the efficiency of mating in sheep. 1. The effect of paddock size and number of rams. J. Agric. Sci. (Cambridge) 57:137-140. 
    19. Meese, G. B. and R. Ewbank. 1972. A note on the instability of the dominance hierarchy and variations in levels of aggression within groups of fattening pigs. Anim. Prod. 14:359. 
    20. Holmes, R. J. 1980. Normal mating behaviour and its variations. In: Current Therapy in Theriogenology (Ed. D. A. Morrow, W. B. Philadelphia). Saunders, pp. 931-936. 
    21. William, E. P. and M. T. Clegg. 1965. Studies of mating behaviour and some factors influencing the sexual response in the male sheep Ovis aries. Anim. Behav. XIII(2-3):244-258. 
    22. Erhard, H. W., E. O. Price and M. R. Dally. 1998. Competitive ability of rams selected for high and low levels of sexual performance. Anim. Sci. 66(2):403-408. 
    23. Hulet, C. V., S. K. Ercanbrack, D. A. Price, R. L. Blackwell and L. O. Wilson. 1962b. Mating behaviour of the ram in the multisire pen. J. Anim. Sci. 21:865-869. 
    24. Lindsay, D. R. and J. Ellsmore. 1968. The effect of breed, season and competition on mating behaviour of rams. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 8:649-652. 
    25. Lindsay, D. R. and T. J. Robinson. 1961b. Studies on the efficiency of mating in the sheep II. The effect of freedom of rams, paddock size and age of ewes. J. Agric. Sci. (Cambridge) 57:141-145. 
    26. Mattner, P. E., A. W. H. Braden and J. M. George. 1971. Studies in flock mating of sheep. 4. The relation of libido tests to subsequent service activity of young rams. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 11:473-477. 
    27. Blockey, M. A. and B. De. 1978. The influence of serving capacity of bulls on herd fertility. J. Anim. Sci. 46(3):589. 
    28. Schein, M. W. and M. H. Fohrman. 1954. The effect of rank separation on the intensity of the contents in dairy cows. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 35:74. 

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
유료다운로드
  • 원문이 없습니다.

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기