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Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences v.18 no.2, 2005년, pp.226 - 229   피인용횟수: 2

Enrichment of Vitamins $D_3$, K and Iron in Eggs of Laying Hens

Park, S.W.    (Department of Animal Science, Chung-Ang University   ); Namkung, H.    (Department of Animal Science, Chung-Ang University   ); Ahn, H.J.    (Agribrands Purina Korea, Inc.   ); Paik, I.K.    (Department of Animal Science, Chung-Ang University  );
  • 초록

    An experiment was conducted to produce eggs enriched with vitamins $D_3$ , K and iron in eggs. Six hundred 97-wk-old ISA Brown force molted hens were allocated to completely randomized block arrangement of six dietary treatments: T1; control (C), T2; C+4,000 IU vitamin $D_3$ +2.5 mg vitamin K+100 ppm Fe, T3; C+8,000 IU vitamin $D_3$ +5.0 mg vitamin K+100 ppm Fe, T4; C+12,000 IU vitamin $D_3$ +7.5 mg vitamin K+100 ppm Fe, T5; C+16,000 IU vitamin $D_3$ +10.0 mg vitamin K+100 ppm Fe, T6; C+20,000 IU vitamin $D_3$ +12.5 mg vitamin K+100 ppm Fe. Fe was supplemented with Fe-methionine. Each treatment consisted of five replicates of ten cages with two birds per cage. Egg production and egg weight were highest in T2 and incidence of soft and broken egg was highest in T6. Haugh unit was not different among treatments although it tended to be increased as dietary vitamins $D_3$ and K increased. Eggshell strength was not different among treatment. Concentrations of vitamin $D_3$ and K in egg yolk increased and plateaued approximately 20 days after feeding supplemented diets. The level of these vitamins peaked at 12,000 IU/kg vitamin $D_3$ and 7.5 mg/kg vitamin K supplementation and then decreased at the higher than these supplementation levels. The peak concentrations of vitamin $D_3$ and vitamin K were 4.6 times and 4.8 times greater than the control, respectively. Supplementary Fe also increased Fe content in egg yolk. It is concluded that vitamin $D_3$ and K in eggs can be effectively enriched by proper supplementation time and level of these vitamins.


  • 주제어

    Egg .   Vitamin $D_3$ .   Vitamin K .   Iron .   Fe-methionine.  

  • 참고문헌 (14)

    1. Mattila, P., J. Valaja, L. Rossow, E. Venalainen and T. Tupasela. 2004. Effect of vitamin D2- and D3-enriched diets on egg vitamin D content, production, and bird condition during an entire production period. Poult. Sci. 83:433-440. 
    2. Naber, E. C. 1979. The effect of nutrition on the composition of eggs. Poult. Sci. 58:518-528. 
    3. Ueda, T. 1987. New solvent system for extraction of tocopherols from biological specimens for HPLC determination and the evaluation of 2, 2, 5, 7, 8-pentamethyl-6-chromanol as an internal standard. J. Micronutrient Analysis 3:185. 
    4. Shen, H., J. D. Summers and S. Leeson. 1981. Egg production and shell quality of layer fed various level of vitamin $D_3$. Poult. Sci. 60:1485-1490. 
    5. Bethke, R. M., P. R. Rechord, O. H. M. Wildler and D. C. Kennard. 1937. The comparative efficiency of vitamin D form cod liver oil and irradiated cholesterol for laying birds. Poult. Sci. 16:483-441. 
    6. Eisen, E. J., B. B. Bohren and H. E. Mckean. 1962. The Haugh Units as a measure of egg albumen quality. Poult. Sci. 41:1461-1468. 
    7. Bethke, R. M., P. R. Rechord, O. H. M. Wildler and C. H. Kick. 1936. Effect of different sources of vitamin D on the laying bird. II. Storage of vitamin D in the egg and chick and mineral composition of the manure embryo. Poult. Sci. 15:336-344. 
    8. Griminger, P. and G. Brubacher. 1966. The transfer of vitamin K1 and menadione from the hen to the egg. Poult. Sci. 31:777-780. 
    9. Naber, E. C. 1993. Modifying vitamin composition of eggs: A review. App. Poult. Sci. 4:385-393. 
    10. Park, S. W., H. Namkung, H. J. Ahn and I. K. Paik. 2004. Production of iron enriched eggs of laying hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. Vol 17(12):1725-1728. 
    11. Keshavarz, K. 1996. The effect of different levels of vitamin C and cholecalciferol with adequate or marginal levels of dietary calcium on performance and eggshell quality of laying hens. Poult. Sci. 75:1227-1235. 
    12. AOAC. 1997. Official method of analysis. 16th ed. Association of official chemists. Washington, DC. 
    13. Paik, I. 2001. Application of chelated minerals in animal production. Asian-Aust. J. Anmim. Sci. Vol 14(Special Issue):191-198. 
    14. SAS Institute. 1985. $SAS^{\circledR}$ User's Guide: Statistics. 6 Ed. SAS institute Inc., Cary, NC. 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

    1. 2007. "" Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences, 20(2): 237~244     
    2. 2008. "" Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences, 21(1): 103~106     

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