본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

Effect of Pre-partum Feeding of Crossbred Cows on Growth Performance, Metabolic Profile and Immune Status of Calves

Panigrahi, B.    (Division of Livestock Production & Management, Indian Veterinary Research Institute   ); Pandey, H.N.    (Division of Livestock Production & Management, Indian Veterinary Research Institute   ); Pattanaik, A.K.    (Centre of Advanced Studies in Animal Nutrition, Indian Veterinary Research Institute  );
  • 초록

    The effects of pre-partum feeding management in terms of birth weight, growth, metabolic profile and immunity of calves were studied using 24 crossbred (Bos taurus ${\times}$ Bos indicus) cows, divided into three equal groups. The dietary treatments included feeding of either 3.0 kg concentrate/head/d throughout the 60 d pre-partum (T $_1$ ), or 3.0 kg concentrate during 60-22 d pre-partum and thereafter at an increased allowance at 0.25 kg/d during the next 21 d till it reached 1% of live weight (T $_2$ ). The third group of cows was fed similar to T $_2$ , except that the concentrate feeding during 60-22 d pre-partum was reduced to 2.0 kg (T $_3$ ). All the groups had access to ad libitum green fodder throughout. The results revealed that the mean daily dry matter (DM) intake by the cows was similar (p>0.05) among the three groups during the 60 days of the pre-partum but T2 animals tended to gain more live weight (41.25 kg) than T $_1$ (38.12 kg) and T $_3$ (36.25 kg). The body condition score of the cows did not change appreciably over the experimental period. The mean birth weight of the calves was 24.00 ${\pm}$ 1.10, 24.63 ${\pm}$ 1.17 and 23.25 ${\pm}$ 1.19 kg for the three groups, respectively, with the corresponding average daily gain of 154.2, 155.0 and 169.7 g during the subsequent 60 days; both these parameters did not vary significantly ascribable to prepartum feeding regimens of their dams. The total immunoglobulin (Ig) concentration in the colostrum was 6.31 ${\pm}$ 0.34, 5.80 ${\pm}$ 0.21 and 6.13 ${\pm}$ 0.30 g/dl for the three groups, respectively, showing no influence of dietary treatments. The mean serum Ig levels (T $_1$ 2.10 ${\pm}$ 0.09, T $_2$ 2.05 ${\pm}$ 0.09 and T $_3$ 2.10 ${\pm}$ 0.12 g/dl) of calves at 5 d of age were similar among the dietary groups as was the case with various serum biochemical constituents. It is concluded that the variations in pre-partum dietary management elicited no significant influence on the calf performance including the immune status.


  • 주제어

    Pre-partum Feeding .   Immunity .   Crossbred Cows .   Calves.  

  • 참고문헌 (35)

    1. Blum, J. W. and H. Hammon. 2000. Colostrum effects on the gastrointestinal tract, and on nutritional, endocrine and metabolic parameters in neonatal calves. Livest. Prod. Sci. 66:151-159. 
    2. Edmonson, A. J., I. J. Lean, L. D. Weaver, T. Farver and G. Webster. 1989. A body condition scoring chart for Holstein dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 72:68-78. 
    3. NRC. 1989. Nutrient Requirements of Diary Cattle, 6th rev. edn. National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, DC. 
    4. Radostits, O. M., D. C. Blood and C. C. Gay. 1994. Veterinary Medicine, 8th edn. ELBS-Bailliere Tindall, London, p. 1726. 
    5. Santos, J. E. P., E. J. Depeters, P. W. Jardon and J. T. Huber. 2001. Effect of prepartum dietary protein level on performance of primigravid and multiparous Holstein dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 84:213-224. 
    6. Stott, G. H. and A. Fellah. 1983. Colostral immunoglobulin absorption linearly related to concentration for calves. J. Dairy Sci. 66:1319-1328. 
    7. Zlatkis, A., B. Zak, C. J. Boyle and D. Mich. 1953. A new method for determination of serum choloesterol. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 4:486-492. 
    8. Jain, N. C. 1986. Schalm’s Veterinary Hematology, 4th edn. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia. 
    9. Corah, L. R., T. G. Dunn and C. C. Kaltenbach. 1975. Influence of prepartum nutrition on the reproductive performance of beef females and the performance of their progeny. J. Anim. Sci. 41: 819-824. 
    10. Khan, M. A. A., M. N. Islam, M. A. S. Khan and M. A. Akbar. 2004. Effect of feeding high and low energy levels during late pregnancy on performance of crossbred dairy cows and their calves. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:947-953. 
    11. Quigley, J. D., III and J. J. Drewry. 1998. Nutrient and immunity transfer from cow to calf pre- and post-calving. J. Dairy Sci. 781:2779-2790. 
    12. Gustaffson, E. C. J. 1976. Improved specificity of serum albumin determination and estimation of ‘acute phase reactants’ by use of bromocresol green reduction. Clin. Chem. 22:616-622. 
    13. Pattanaik, A. K., V. R. B. Sastry and R. C. Katiyar. 1999. Effect of degradable protein and starch sources on the blood metabolites and rumen biochemical profile of early weaned crossbred calves. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 12:728-734. 
    14. Ferrell, C. L., W. N. Garrett and N. Hinman. 1976. Growth, development and composition of the udder and gravid uterus of beef heifers during pregnancy. J. Anim. Sci. 42:1477. 
    15. Joshi, V. B. and S. S. Sodhi. 1992. Serum protein, immunoglobulin and hemolytic complement levels in the sera of buffalo neonates. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 62:728-731. 
    16. Rahamatulla, M. and T. R. C. Boyde. 1980. Improvement in the determination of urea using diacetyl monoxime method with or without deprotenization. Clin. Chemica. Acta. 107:3-9. 
    17. Snedecor, G. W. and W. G. Cochran. 1989. Statistical Methods, 9th edn. The Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA. 
    18. Van Saun, R. J., S. C. Idleman and C. J. Sniffen. 1993. Effect of undegradable protein amount fed prepartum on postpartum production in first lactation Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci. 76:236-244. 
    19. Kunz, M. M. and L. B. Willett. 1991. Carbohydrate enzyme hematology dynamics in newborn calves. J. Dairy Sci. 74:2109-2118. 
    20. Usmani, R. H. and E. K. Inskeep. 1989. Effect of prepartum feeding on milk yield and calf growth rate in limited suckled and non-suckled buffaloes. J. Dairy Sci. 72:2087-2094. 
    21. McEwan, A. D., E. W. Fisher, I. E. Selman and W. J. Penhale. 1970. A turbidity test for the estimation of immunoglobulin levels in neonatal calf serum. Clin. Chim. Acta. 27:155-163. 
    22. Boisclair, Y., D. G. Grieve, J. B. Stone, O. B. Allen and G. K. Macleod. 1986. Effect of prepartum energy, body condition and sodium bicarbonate on production of cows in early lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 69:2636-2647. 
    23. Baginski, E. S. 1973. Direct microdetermination of serum calcium. Clin. Chem. Acta. 46:46-54. 
    24. Prasad, S. and O. S. Tomer. 1995. Effect of prepartum level of conditioning on certain calving and related parameters on crossbred calves. Indian J. Anim. Prod. Mgmt. 11:139-142. 
    25. Fiske, C. H. and Y. J. SubbaRow. 1925. The colorimetric determination of inorganic phosphorus in blood. J. Biol. Chem. 66:375. 
    26. Hultman, E. 1959. Raped specific method for determination of aldohexoses (aldosaccharides) in body fluids. Nat. 103:108-109. 
    27. Kale, M. M. 1984. Effects of Prepartum Feeding on the Postpartum Performance of Crossbred Cows. M.Sc. Dissertation, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, India. 
    28. Khan, M. A. A., M. N. Islam, M. A. S. Khan and M. A. Akbar. 2002. Effect of restricted and ad libitum feeding during late pregnancy on the performance of crossbred cows and their calves. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:1267-1272. 
    29. Hough, R. L., F. D. McCarthy, H. D. Kent, D. E. Eversole and M. L. Wahlberg. 1990. Influence of nutritional restriction during late gestation on production measures and passive immunity in beef cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 68:2622-2627. 
    30. Lone, A. G., Charanbir Singh and S. P. S. Singha. 2003. Plasma protein profile of neonatal buffalo calves in relation to the protein profile of colostrum/milk during first week following parturition. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:348-352. 
    31. Hiller, M. and S. Van. 1927. Colorimetric determination of proteins. J. Clin. Invest. 4:235-242. 
    32. Bertics, S. J., R. R. Grummer, C. Cadorniga-Valino and E. E. Stoddard. 1992. Effect of prepartum dry matter intake on liver triglyceride concentration and early lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 75:1914-1922. 
    33. Nocek, J. E., D. G. Braund and R. G. Wanner. 1984. Influence of neonatal colostrum administration immunoglobulin and continued feeding of colostrum on calf gain, health and serum protein. J. Dairy Sci. 67:319-333. 
    34. Mudgal, V. D., K. K. Singhal and D. D. Sharma. 1995. Advances in Dairy Animal Production, 1st edn. International Book Distributing Company, Lucknow, India. 
    35. Prior, R. L. and D. B. Laster. 1979. Development of the bovine fetus. J. Anim. Sci. 48:1546. 

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
유료다운로드
  • 원문이 없습니다.

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기