본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

Occurrence and Quantification of Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (VAM) Fungi in Industrial Polluted Soils

SELVARAJ    (Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Sunchon National University   ); THANGASWAMY    (Research Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Sunchon National University, Centre for Advanced Studies in Botany, University of Madras   ); PADMANABHAN CHELLAPPAN    (Centre for Advanced Studies in Botany, University of Madras   ); JEONG, YU-JIN    (Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Sunchon National University   ); KIM, HOON    (Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Sunchon National University, Research Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Sunchon National University  );
  • 초록

    A survey for vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae (VAM) status was undertaken in three different industrially polluted sites at Uyyakondan channel of Senthanneerpuram area in Trichy, India. The soils and the effluents were acidic, and contained higher Zn (621 to 711 ppm) than the other heavy metals, such as Cu, Pb, and Ni. Eighteen plant species were collected from the rhizosphere soils, and 13 species were positive for VAM colonization. Fifteen VAM fungal species were isolated from the plant species. The number of VAM fungal spores from the soils ranged from 45 to 640 per 100 g of soil. There was a significant correlation observed between the number of spores and percentage root colonization, as exemplified by Acalypha indica (45 and 20%, respectively) and Paspalum vaginatum (640 and 98%, respectively). Hostspecific and site-specific associations were observed in site 2; particular VAM species, Gigaspora gigantea and Glomus fasciculatum, were specific to particular host plants, Phyllanthus maderaspatensis and A. indica, respectively, even though Eclipta prostrata and Physalis minima were maximally associated with 8 VAM species. G. fasciculatum was found in 11 plant species and predominant VAM species. These results led us to conclude that VAM fungi are associated with a majority of the plants in the industrial polluted sites and support the plants to survive in the acidic soils, polluted with heavy metals of the industrial effluents.


  • 주제어

    Mycorrhizal plants .   VAM fungi .   colonization .   industrial effluents.  

  • 참고문헌 (42)

    1. Alexander, M. 1977. Introduction to Soil Microbiology, pp. 1- 472. John Willey and Sons Inc., New York, U.S.A. 
    2. Clesceri, L. S., A. E. Greenberg, and A. D. Eaton. 1998. Standard methods for examination of water and waste water: Including bottom sediments and sludges. In L. S. Clesceri, A. E. Greenberg and A. D. Eaton (eds.), Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Walste Water, 20th Ed., jointly published by the American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation, Washington D.C., U.S.A. 
    3. Auge, R. M. 2001. Water relations, drought and VA mycorrhizal symbiosis. Mycorrhiza 11: 3- 42 
    4. Gildon, A. and P. B. Tinker. 1981. A heavy metal tolerant strain of a mycorrhizal fungus. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 77: 648- 649 
    5. Giovannetti, M. and B. Mosse.1980. An evaluation of techniques for measuring vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal infection in roots. New Phytol. 84: 489- 500 
    6. Jenkins, D. A. 1987. Trace elements in Saxicolous lichens, pp. 249- 266. In P. J. Coughtrey, M. M. Martin and M. H Unsworth (eds.), Pollutant Transport and Fate in Ecosystems. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, U.K. 
    7. Kim, D. W., D. K. Cha, H. Y. Seo, and J. B. Bak. 2002. Influence of growth rate on biosorption of heavy metals by Nocardia amarae. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 12: 878- 881 
    8. Khan, A. G. 1974. The occurrence of mycorrhizas in halophytes, hydrophytes and xerophytes and of Endogone spores in adjacent soils. J. Gen. Microbiol. 81: 7- 14 
    9. Koske, R. E. 1987. Distribution of VA-mycorrhizal fungi along latitudinal temperature gradient. Mycologia 79: 55-68 
    10. Koske, R. E. and L. L. Tues. 1987. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation and soluble phosphorus fertilizer on growth and phosphorus uptake of pear millete. Plant Soil 81 : 247- 256 
    11. Raman, N. and K. Sambandan. 1998. Distribution of VAM fungi in tannery effluent polluted soils of Tamil Nadu, India. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 60: 142- 150 
    12. Selvaraj, T and H. Kim. 2004. Effect of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi on tolerance of industrial effluent treatment in Datura metal. Agric. Chem. Biotechnol. 47: 106-109 
    13. Jackson, M. L. 1967. Soil Chemical Analysis, pp. 162- 165. Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd., New Delhi, India 
    14. Masse, B., D. P. Stribley, and F. Le Tacon. 1981. Ecology of mycorrhizae and mycorrhizal fungi, p. 250. In M. Alexander (ed.), Advances in Microbial Ecology (Vol. 5). Plenum Press, New York and London 
    15. Walker, C. and J. M. Trappe. 1993. Names and epithets in the Glomales and Endogonales. Mycol. Res. 93: 339- 344 
    16. Gildon, A. and P. B. Tinker. 1983. Interactions of vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizal infection and heavy metals in plants. l. The effects of heavy metals on the development of vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizas. New Phytol. 95: 247-261 
    17. Phillips, J. M. and D. S. Hayman. 1970. Improved procedures for clearing roots and staining parasitic and vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 55: 158- 161 
    18. Rose, S. L. 1980. Mycorrhizal associations of some actinomycete nodulated nitrogen fixing plants. Can. J. Bot. 58: 1449- 1454 
    19. Masse, B. 1973. Advances in the study of vesiculararbuscular mycorrhiza. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 11: 171-196 
    20. Selvaraj, T 1998. Studies on mycorrhizal and rhizobial symbioses on tolerance on tannery effluent treated Prosopis julijlora, p. 215. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Madras, Chennai, India 
    21. Gerdernann, J. W. and T. N. Nicolson. 1963. Spores of mycorrhizal Endogone species extracted by wet-sieving and decanting. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 46: 235- 244 
    22. Hayman, D. S. 1982. Practical aspects ofvesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza, pp. 325- 373. In N. S. Subba Rao (ed.), Advances in Agricultural Microbiology. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi, India 
    23. Lepp, N. W. and N. M. Dickinson. 1987. Partitioning and transport of copper in various components of Kenya Coffea arabica strands, pp. 289- 299. In P. J. Coughtrey, M. N. Martin and M. H.Unsworth (eds.), Pollutant Transport and Fate in Ecosystems. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, U.K 
    24. Allen, M. F., W. Swenson, J. I. Querejeta, L. Egerton-Warburton, and K. K. Treseder. 2003. Ecology of mycorrhizae: A conceptual frame work for complex interactions among plants and fungi. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 41: 271- 303 
    25. Porter, W. M. 1979. The most probable number method for enumerating infective propagules of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soil. J. Soil Res. 17: 515- 519 
    26. Selvaraj, T., P. Chellappan, Y. J. Jeong, and H. Kim. 2004. Occurrence of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi and their effect on plant growth in endangered vegetations. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 14: 885- 890 
    27. Vijayalakshrni, M. and A. S. Rao. 1988. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal association of some asteraceae and amarantaceae. Acta Bot. Indica 16: 168- 174 
    28. Tinker, P. B. 1984. The role of micro-organisms in mediating and facilitating the uptake of plant nutrients from soil. Plant Soil 76: 77-91 
    29. Iqbal, S. H. and K. S. Quershi. 1976. The influence of mixed sowing (Cereals and Cruciferae) and crop rotation on the development of mycorrhiza and conditions. Biologia 22: 287- 298 
    30. Miller, C. E. 1971. Cytokinin production by mycorrhizal fungi, p. 168. In Haxskayalo (ed.), Mycorrhiza, USDA Forest Service Miscellaneous Publications. No. 1189 
    31. Sarma, V. A. K., P. Krishna, and S. L. Budihal. 1984. Soil Analytical Methods for Survey Investigations, p. 49. National Bureau of Soil survey and land use planning (ICAR) Regional Centre, Bangalore, India 
    32. Jagpal, R., A. Panigrah, and K. G. Mukerji. 1988. Distribution of VAM in relation to pollution, p. 48. In N. Raman and A. Mahadevan (eds.), Mycorrhizafor Green Asia. Proceedings of First National Conference on Mycorrhiza. Madras, India 
    33. Amiro, B. D. and G. K. Courtin. 1981. Patterns of vegetation in the vicinity of an industrially disturbed ecosystem, Sudbury, Ontario. Can. J. Bot. 62: 519- 524 
    34. Walker, C., W. Mize, and H. S. Mc Nabb. 1982. Population of endogonaceous fungi at two locations in central Iowa. Can. J. Bot. 60: 2518-2529 
    35. Abbott, L. K. and A. D. Robson. 1982. The role of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in agriculture and the selection of fungi for inoculation. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 33: 349- 408 
    36. Gadd, G. M., E. P. Burford, and M. Fomina. 2003. Biogeochemical activities of microorganisms in mineral transformations: Consequences for metal and nutrient mobility. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 13: 323- 332     
    37. Leyval, C., K. Turnau, and K. Haselwandter. 1997. Effects of heavy metal pollution on mycorrhizal colonization and function: Physiological, ecological and applied aspects. Mycorrhiza 7: 139- 153 
    38. Jeffries, P., S. Gianinazzi, S. Perotto, K. Turnau, and J. M. Barea. 2003. The contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in sustainable maintenance of plant health and soil fertility. Biol. Fert. Soils 37: 1- 16 
    39. Koske, R. E. and W. L. Halvorson. 1981. Ecological studies of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in a barrier sand dune. Can. J. Bot. 59: 1413- 1422 
    40. Brar, M. S., S. S. Malhi, A. P. Singh, C. L. Arora, and K. S. Gill. 2000. Sewage water irrigation effects on some potentially toxic trace elements in soil and potato plants in northwestern India. Can. J. Soil Sci. 80: 465- 471 
    41. Dickman, L. A., A. E. Liberta, and R. C. Anderson. 1984. Ecological interaction of little blue stem and vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Can. J. Bot. 62: 2272- 2277 
    42. Ingammels, C. O. 1966. Semi-micro analysis of silicate minerals. Anal. Chem. 38: 1228- 1238 

 저자의 다른 논문

  • JEONG, YU-JIN (1)

    1. 2004 "Occurrence of Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (VAM) Fungi and Their Effect on Plant Growth in Endangered Vegetations" Journal of microbiology and biotechnology 14 (4): 885~890    
  • Kim, Hoon (23)

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기